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1170 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abacus
frame with balls for calculating 
abase
lower; degrade
abash
embarrass
abate
to lessen; to subside 
abdicate
renounce; giving up control authority 
aberrant
abnormal; deviant
aberration
straying away from the normal 
abet
help/encourage in doing wrong
abeyance
suspended action 
abhor
to hate to detest 
abide
be faithful to endure 
abject
wretched; lacking pride
abjure
renounce upon oath 
ablution
washing
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice
abolish
cancel;put an end to
abominate
loathe; hate
abraded
rubbed off worn away by friction 
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority 
abscond
to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest) 
abstruse
difficult to comprehend obscure 
abut
border on 
abysmal
bottomless extreme 
acarpous
effete no longer fertile worn out 
acclaimed
welcomed with shouts and approval 
accolade
praise approval 
accretion
the growing of separate things into one 
adamant
kind of stone inflexible 
admonitory
containing warning 
adorn
add beauty decorate 
adulteration
making unpure poorer in quality 
affable
polite and friendly 
affinity
close connection relationship 
aggravate
make worse irritate 
agile
active quick-moving 
agog
eager/excited 
ail
trouble be ill 
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness 
alcove
recess/partially enclosed place 
allegiance
duty support loyalty 
alleviate
make (pain) easier to bear 
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior 
aloof
reserved indifferent 
amalgamate
mix combine unite societies 
ambidextrous
able to use the left hand or the right equally well 
ambiguous
doubtful uncertain 
ambivalent
having both of two contrary meanings 
ameliorate
improve make better 
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money 
anguish
severe suffering 
animosity
strong dislike 
antidote
medicine used against a poison or a disease 
antithetical
direct opposing 
apartheid
brutal racial discrimination 
aplomb
self-confidence 
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions 
apotheosis
deification glorification to godliness 
appease
make quiet or calm 
apprehensive
grasping understanding fear unhappy feeling about future 
apprise
give notice to inform 
approbation
approval 
apropos
appropriate to the situation apt 
apt
well-suited quick-witted 
arabesque
a complex ornate design 
arboreal
of connected with trees 
ardor
enthusiasm 
arduous
steep difficult ascent laborious 
argot
jargon slang 
arrant
in the highest degree 
arrogance
proud superior manner of behaviour 
articulate
speak distinctly connect by joints 
ascend
go or come up 
ascertain
get to know 
ascetic
practicing self-denial austere stark 
ascribe
consider to be the origin of or belonging to 
aseptic
surgically clean 
asperity
roughness harshness ill temper irritability 
aspersion
slander
assail
with attack violently 
assiduous
diligent hard-working sedulous 
assuage
make smth (pain desire) less 
asterisk
the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters) 
astringent
substance that shrinks 
astute
clever quick at seeing to get an advantage 
atonement
repayment death of Jesus 
attenuate
make thin. weaken enervate 
attune
bring into harmony 
audacious
daring foolishly bold impudent 
augury
omen sign 
august
majestic venerable 
auspicious
favorable successful prosperous 
austere
severely moral and strict simple and plain 
auxiliary
helping supporting 
aver
affirm assert prove justify 
aversion
strong dislike 
avid
eager greedy 
avow
admit. Declare openly 
baleful
harmful ominous causing evil 
balk
obstacle purposely to get on the way of 
baneful
causing harm or ruin pernicious destructive 
barrage
artificial obstacle built across a river 
barren
not good enough unable to have young ones without value 
bask
in enjoy warmth and light 
beatify
to bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to 
bedizen
to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner 
belabor
beat hard 
bellicose
belligerent pugnacious warlike 
belligerent
(person nation) waging war 
benefactor
person who has given help 
benevolence
wish or activity in doing good 
benign
kind and gentle mild (climate) 
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death 
berate
scold sharply 
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material) 
bewilder
puzzle confuse 
bigot
stubborn narrow-minded person 
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask 
blandishment
flattery coaxing 
blandness
polite manner comforting uninteresting 
blatant
noisy and rough 
blithe
cheerful casual carefree 
bogus
sham counterfeit not genuine 
boisterous
loud noisy rough lacking restraint 
bolster
give greatly needed support 
boorish
crude offensive rude 
brash
hasty rush cheeky saucy 
brass
yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc) 
brazen
made of brass 
breach
opening broken place breaking 
brittle
easily broken 
broach
bring up announce begin to talk about 
brook
to tolerate endure 
buoyant
able to float light-hearted 
burgeon
grow forth send out buds 
burnish
to polish rub to a shine 
cabal
a scheme or plot a group of plotters 
cadge
to beg to get by begging 
cajole
use flattery or deceit to persuade 
calipers
metal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument 
calumny
slander aspersion 
candid
frank straight-forward 
cant
insincere talk/jargon 
cantankerous
bad-tempered/quarrelsome 
canvass
discuss thoroughly sort of touting 
castigate
to chastise correct by punishing 
castigation
severe punishment 
catalyst
substance that causes speeding up 
caustic
biting sarcastic 
censure
expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke 
centurion
leader of a unit of 100 soldiers 
chary
cautious wary 
chastened
corrected punished 
chastisement
punishment 
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot 
chicanery
legal trickery/false argument 
chisel
steel tool for shaping materials 
churl
bad-tempered person 
clamor
shout complain with a lot of noise 
clientele
customers 
clinch
come to grips/settle conclusively 
cling
to resist separation 
clot
half-solid lump formed from liquid 
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting 
coagulation
change to a thick and solid state 
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance 
coax
get smb to do smth by kindness 
coda
passage that completes a piece of music 
coddle
treat with care and tenderness 
coerce
compel to force to make obedient 
coeval
of the same period coexisting 
cogent
strong convincing 
cogitate
think deeply mediate 
cognizant
being fully aware of 
colander
bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water 
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose 
combustion
process of burning 
commemorate
keep the memory of 
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed 
commuter
person who travels regularly 
complaisance
tending to comply obliging willingness to please 
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action 
conceal
hide keep secret 
conceit
over-high opinion of too much pride 
conciliatory
reconciling soothing comforting mollifying 
concord
agreement or harmony 
concur
agree in opinion happen together 
condense
increase in density strength make laconic 
condone
forgive 
congeal
make or become stiff and solid 
conjoin
to join together 
connoisseur
a person with good judgement (e.g.. in art) 
connotation
suggestion in addition to 
consequential
pompous self important 
console
give comfort or sympathy to 
conspicuous
easily seen remarkable 
consternation
surprise and fear dismay 
constrain
compel 
constrict
make tight or smaller 
consume
get to the end of 
consummate
perfect/make perfect/complete 
contemn
to scorn or despise 
contentious
argumentative pugnacious combative quarrelsome 
contiguous
touching neighboring near 
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing 
contumacious
insubordinate rebellious 
conundrum
a riddle dilemma enigma 
conviction
convincing firm belief 
convoke
call together summon 
convoluted
complicated coiled twisted 
cordial
warm and sincere 
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard) 
cornucopia
abundant supply 
corporeal
physical of or for the body 
correlate
have a mutual relation 
corroboration
additional strengthening evidence 
countenance
to favor or approve of 
counterfeit
forgery 
countervail
counterbalance 
covert
disguised 
covetous
eagerly desirous 
cower
crouch shrink back 
coy
shy/modest (esp of a girl) 
crass
very great (es. stupidity) 
cravat
piece of linen worn as a necktie 
craven
cowardly 
crease
line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket 
credulity
too great a readiness to believe things 
credulous
ready to believe things 
crush
press lose shape subdue overwhelm 
cryptic
secret with a hidden meaning 
cumbersome
burdensome heavy and awkward to carry 
curmudgeon
bad-tempered person 
curriculum
course of study 
cursory
quick hurried 
curtail
make shorter then was planned 
dainty
pretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please 
daunt
intimidate make fearful 
dawdler
person who is slow waste of time 
dearth
shortage 
debacle
a breakup overthrow sudden disaster 
decorum
propriety properness 
decree
order given by authority 
decry
disapprove of 
defer
postpone give way (to show respect) 
deferential
showing respect 
defiance
open disobedience or resistance 
delineate
to portray depict sketch out 
deluge
great flood heavy rush of water 
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons 
demur
to hesitate raise objections 
denigrate
blacken belittle sully defame 
denouement
an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot 
deplete
use until none remains 
deposition
dethronement depositing 
deprave
make morally bad corrupt 
deprecate
protest against express disapproval of 
dereliction
deserting and leaving to fall into ruins 
derision
ridicule mockery deriding 
derivative
unoriginal obtained from another source 
derogatory
insulting tending to damage 
descry
catch sight of see smth in the distance 
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture 
desuetude
cessation of use disuse 
desultory
aimless haphazard digressing at random 
deter
discourage hinder 
detraction
slandering verbal attack aspersion 
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling 
deviance
being different in moral standards (from normal) 
dexterity
skill (esp. in handling) 
diaphanous
transparent gauzy 
diatribe
bitter and violent attack in words 
diffidence
shyness 
dilate
speak comprehensively become wider large 
disallow
refuse to allow or accept as a correct 
discern
see with an effort but clearly 
discomfit
confuse embarrass 
disconcert
upset the self-possession of 
discountenance
refuse to approve of 
discourse
speech lecture 
discredit
refuse to believe 
discreet
careful/prudent 
discrete
individually distinct 
disdain
look on with contempt 
disencumber
free from encumbrance 
disheveled
untidy 
disingenuous
sophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning 
disinter
dig up from the earth 
dislodge
move force from the place occupied 
dismal
sad gloomy miserable 
disparate
essentially different 
disproof
proof to the contrary 
dissemble
speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind) 
disseminate
distribute (esp. ideas) 
dissent
have a different opinion refuse to assent 
dissolution
disintegration looseness in morals 
distraught
distracted violently upset in mind 
divergence
getting farther apart from a point 
divestiture
taking off getting rid of giving up 
divulge
make known smth secret 
doggerel
trivial poorly constructed verse 
dogmatic
positive certain arbitrary without room for discussion 
dolt
stupid fellow 
dormant
in a state of inactivity but awaiting development 
dote
show much fondness center one's attention 
drawl
slow way of speaking 
droll
jesting 
drone
male bee person who isn't self-employed 
drowsiness
feeling sleepy half asleep 
dubious
feeling doubt 
dud
no use person smth that fails 
dulcet
melodious harmonious 
dupe
cheat make a fool of 
duplicity
deliberate deception 
duress
threats to compel smb 
dwarf
person or smb much below the usual size 
dynamo
a generator something that produces electric current 
earthenware
dishes made of baked clay 
ebullience
exuberance outburst of feeling 
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement 
ecumenical
representing the whole Christian world 
edacious
voracious devouring 
eddy
circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind) 
edible
fit to be eaten/not poisonous 
effete
infertile worn out weak 
efficacy
production of a desired result 
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor 
effrontery
boldness impudence arrogance 
egress
way out exit 
elaborate
worked out with much care in great detail 
elegy
a lament a melancholy composition 
elicit
draw out 
eloquence
fluent speaking skillful use of language 
emaciate
make thin and weak 
embellish
make beautiful 
embezzle
use in a wrong way for one's own benefit 
emote
stir up excite 
empirical
relying on experiment 
encapsulate
enclose in capsule 
encomium
warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric 
encumbrance
burden things that get on the way of 
endearing
making dear or liked 
endemic
epidemic 
endorse
write one's name on the back of 
enduring
lasting 
enervate
weaken deprive of strength attenuate 
engender
cause produce give rise to 
engrave
impress deeply 
engrossing
taken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal
engulf
swallow up 
enigma
smth that is puzzling 
enmity
hatred being an enemy 
ensign
flag/badge 
entangle
put into difficulties 
enthral
please greatly/enslave (fig) 
entice
tempt or persuade 
entreat
ask earnestly 
enunciate
pronounce (words)/express a theory 
enzyme
catalyst 
epicurean
devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment) 
epistle
letter 
epithet
adjective 
epitome
brief summary representative example a typical model 
equable
steady regular 
equanimity
calmness of temperament 
equilibrium
state of being balanced 
equipoise
equal distribution of weight equilibrium 
equivocal
having a double or doubtful meaning suspicious 
equivocate
try to deceive by equivocal language 
eradicate
get rid of pull up by the roots 
erratic
irregular in behaviour or opinion 
erudite
learned scholarly 
eschew
avoid 
esoteric
abstruse intended only for a small circle of 
espouse
marry give one's support to 
eulogy
formal praise panegyric 
euphoria
elation state of pleasant excitement 
euthanasia
easy and painless death 
evasive
tending to evade 
evince
to show clearly to indicate 
evoke
call up bring out 
excoriation
severe criticism 
exculpate
to clear from a charge of guilt 
exhaustive
complete thorough 
exigency
emergency an urgent situation 
exoneration
set smb clear free (e.g.. from blame) 
exorbitant
much too high or great 
expatiate
to roam wander freely 
expedient
likely to be useful for a purpose 
expiation
ending expiring 
exploit
brilliant achievement develop use selfishly 
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest 
expurgate
to remove obscenity purify censor 
exscind
to cut out cut away 
extant
still in existence 
extempore
without previous thought or preparation 
extenuate
reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse 
extinct
no longer active 
extinguish
end the existence of/wipe or put out 
extirpate
to destroy exterminate cut out exscind 
extol
praise highly 
extort
obtain by threats violence 
extralegal
outside the law 
extricable
that can be freed 
extrovert
cheerful person 
exuberance
state of growing vigorously being full of life 
facetious
humorous funny jocular 
facile
easily done 
fallacious
based on error 
falter
waver/move in an uncertain manner 
fatuous
without sense foolish self-satisfaction 
fawn
young deer try to win smb's favor 
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless 
fecund
fertile 
feint
pretend 
felicitous
apt suitably expressed well chosen apropos 
felon
person guilty of murder 
ferment
substance become excited 
ferocity
savage cruelty 
ferret
discover by searching search 
fervid
showing earnest feeling 
fervor
warmth of feelings earnestness 
fetid
stinking 
fetter
to shackle put in chains 
feud
bitter quarrel over a long period of time 
fidelity
loyalty accuracy 
fidget
move restlessly make nervous 
figurehead
carved image on the prow of a ship 
finesse
delicate way of dealing with a situation 
finical
too fussy about food clothing etc. 
finicky
finical 
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells) 
fixate
stare at 
flak
criticism/anti-aircraft guns 
flamboyant
brightly colored florid 
flaunting
show off complacently 
flax
pale yellow (hair) a plant 
fledged
able to fly trained experienced 
fleet
number of ships quick-moving 
flinch
draw move back wince 
flop
fail/move/fall clumsily 
florid
very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face) 
flout
reject mock to go against (as in going against tradition) 
fluke
lucky stroke 
fluster
make nervous or confused 
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud) 
foil
prevent from carrying out contrast 
foment
put smth warm (to lessen the pain) 
foolproof
incapable of failure or error 
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes 
forage
food for horses and cattle 
forbear
refrain from be patient ancestor 
forbearance
patience willingness to wait 
ford
shallow place in a river (to cross) 
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance preempt 
forfeit
suffer the loss of smth 
forge
workshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead 
forgery
counterfeit 
forswear
renounce disallow repudiate 
foster
nurture care for 
fracas
noisy quarrel 
fragile
easily injured broken or destroyed 
fragrant
sweet-smelling 
frantic
wildly excited with joy pain anxiety 
frenetic
frantic frenzied 
fret
worry irritation wear away 
fringe
edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead 
froward
intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn 
frugal
careful economical 
fulmination
bitter protest 
fulsome
disgusting offensive due to excessiveness 
gainsay
to deny to oppose
garble
make unfair selection from facts 
garment
article of clothing 
garner
to gather and save to store up 
garrulity
talkativeness 
garrulous
too talkative 
gaucherie
socially awkward tactless behavior 
germane
relevant pertinent to 
gist
the point general sense 
glean
gather facts in small quantities 
glib
ready and smooth but not sincere 
glimmer
weak/unsteady light 
gloat
over look at with selfish delight 
glut
supply to much fill to excess 
gnaw
waste away bite steadily 
goad
smth urging a person to action 
gorge
eat greedily/narrow opening with a stream 
gossamer
soft light delicate material 
gouge
tool for cutting grooves in wood 
grandiloquent
using pompous words 
grave
serious requiring consideration 
graze
touch or scrape lightly in passing 
gregarious
living in societies liking the company 
grievous
causing grief or pain serious dire grave 
grovel
crawl humble oneself 
guile
deceit cunning 
gullible
easily gulled 
gush
burst out suddenly/talk ardently 
gust
outburst of feeling sudden rain wind fire etc. 
hack
cut roughly hired horse 
halcyon
calm and peaceful 
hallow
to make holy consecrate 
harangue
a long passionate speech 
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of 
harrow
to distress create stress or torment 
haughty
arrogant conceited 
heed
attention/give notice to 
heinous
odious (of crime) 
heresy
belief contrary to what is generally accepted 
hermetic
sealed by fusion 
heterogeneous
made up of different kinds 
hew
make by hard work cut (by striking) 
highbrow
(person) with superior tastes 
hirsute
hairy shaggy 
hoax
mischievous trick played on smb for a joke 
hoi
polloi the masses the rabble 
hollow
not soled with hole 
holster
leather case for a pistol 
homiletics
act of preaching 
hone
stone used for sharpening tools 
hoodwink
trick mislead 
hospitable
liking to give hospitality 
hubris
arrogant pride 
hush
make or become silent 
husk
worthless outside part of anything 
hypocrisy
falsely making oneself appear to be good 
iconoclast
person who attacks popular beliefs 
idiosyncrasy
personal mannerism 
idolatry
excessive admiration of 
idyll
a carefree episode or experience 
ignoble
dishonorable common undignified 
ignominious
shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful 
illicit
unlawful forbidden 
imbroglio
complicated and embarrassing situation 
immaculate
pure faultless 
imminent
likely to come or happen soon 
immutable
that cannot be changed 
impair
worsen diminish in value 
impassive
unmoved feeling no sign of passion 
impecunious
having little or no money 
impede
hinder get in the way of 
impediment
smth that hinders (e.g. stammer) 
impending
imminent being about to happen expected 
imperative
urgent essential 
imperious
commanding haughty arrogant 
impermeable
that cannot be permeated 
imperturbable
calm not capable of being excited 
impervious
not allowing to pass through (of materials) 
imperviousness
haughty arrogant commanding 
impetuous
having sudden energy impulsive thrusting ahead forceful 
impiety
lack of reverence or dutifulness 
implacable
incapable of being placated unpleasable 
implicate
show that smb has a share 
implicit
implied though not plainly expressed
implosion
collapse bursting inward 
importune
beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute) 
imprecation
an invocation of evil a curse 
impromptu
without preparation 
impudent
rash indiscreet 
impugned
challenged to be doubted 
impute
to attribute to a cause or source ascribe 
inadvertent
not paying proper attention 
inane
silly senseless 
inasmuch
since because 
incense
make angry 
incessant
often repeated continual 
inchoate
not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary 
incipient
beginning 
incise
engrave make a cut in 
incite
stir up rouse 
inclined
directing the mind in a certain direction 
incongruous
out of place not in harmony or agreement 
incorrigibility
cannot be cured or corrected 
incredulous
skeptical unwilling to believe 
inculcate
fix firmly by repetition 
incumbents
official duties 
incursion
a raid a sudden attack 
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible tirelessness 
indelible
that cannot be rubbed out 
indigence
poverty 
indigenous
native 
indistinct
not easily heard seen clearly marked 
indolence
laziness 
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued 
indulge
gratify give way to satisfy allow oneself 
indulgent
inclined to indulge 
ineffable
to great to be described in words 
ineluctable
certain inevitable 
inept
unskillful said or done at the wrong time 
ineptitude
quality of being unskillful 
inferno
hell 
infuriate
fill with fury or rage 
infuse
put pour fill 
ingenuous
naive young artless frank honest sincere 
ingest
take in by swallowing 
inimical
harmful or unfriendly 
inimitable
defying imitation unmatchable 
innocuous
causing no harm 
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood 
insensible
unconscious unresponsive unaffected 
insinuate
suggest unpleasantly make a way for smth gently
insipid
without taste or flavor 
insouciant
unconcerned carefree 
insularity
narrow-mindedness isolated 
insurrection
rising of people to open resistance to 
interdict
prohibit forbid 
interim
as an installment 
intersperse
place here and there 
intransigence
unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability 
intransigent
uncompromising 
intrepid
fearless brave undaunted 
introspection
examining one's own thoughts and feelings 
inundate
flood cover by overflowing 
inured
accustomed to adapted 
invective
abusive language curses 
inveigh
to attack verbally denounce deprecate 
inveterate
deep-rooted. long-established 
invincible
too strong to be defeated 
involute
complex 
irascible
irritable easily angered 
irate
angry 
ire
anger 
irksome
tiresome 
irresolute
hesitating undecided 
irrevocable
final and unalterable 
itinerate
to travel from place to place to peregrinate 
jabber
talk excitedly utter rapidly 
jibe
gibe make fun of 
jocular
meant as a joke 
judicious
sound in judgment wise 
knit
draw together unite firmly 
labyrinthine
to entangle the state of affairs 
lachrymose
causing tears tearful 
lackluster
(of eyes) dull 
lament
show feel great sorrow 
lassitude
weariness tiredness 
latent
present but not yet active developed or visible 
laudatory
expressing or giving praise 
lavish
giving or producing freely liberally or generously 
legacy
smth handed down from ancestors 
levee
formal reception/embankment 
levity
lack of seriousness 
libel
statement that damages reputation 
liberality
free giving generosity 
libertine
immoral person 
lien
legal claim until a debt on it is repaid 
limn
paint portray 
limp
lacking strength walking unevenly 
lionize
treat as a famous person 
lithe
bending twisting 
loll
rest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog's tongue)
lope
move along with long strides 
loquacious
talkative garrulous 
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion 
luculent
easily understood lucid clear 
lugubrious
mournful excessively sad 
lull
become quiet or less active 
lumber
move in a clumsy/noisy way 
luminary
star light-giving body 
lurk
be out of view ready to attack 
lustrous
being bright polished 
macabre
gruesome suggesting death 
macerate
make or become soft by soaking in water 
machination
plot scheme (esp. evil) 
maladroit
tactless clumsy 
malapropism
misuse of a word (for one that resembles it) 
malevolence
wishing to do evil 
malign
injurious speak ill of smb tell lie 
malinger
to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty 
malleable
yielding easily shaped moldable adapting 
manacle
chains for the hands or feet 
massacre
cruel killing of a large number of people 
matriculation
be admitted enter a university as a student 
maudlin
sentimental in a silly or tearful way 
maul
hurt by rough handling 
maverick
rebel nonconformist 
mellifluous
sweetly flowing 
mendacity
dishonesty 
mendicant
a beggar 
mercurial
quick changeable in character fleeting 
meretricious
attractive on the surface but of little value 
mesmerize
hypnotize 
meticulous
giving great attention to details 
mettle
quality of endurance or courage 
mettlesome
courageous high-spirited 
middling
fairly good but not very good 
minatory
menacing threatening 
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize 
misanthrope
person who hates mankind 
mischievous
harmful causing mischief 
miser
person who loves wealth and spends little 
misogynist
one who hates women/females 
moderation
quality of being limited not extreme 
mollify
make calmer or quieter 
molt
moult lose hair feathers before new growing 
morbid
diseased unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas) 
morose
ill-tempered unsocial 
muffler
cloth worn round the neck/silencer 
multifarious
varied motley greatly diversified 
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual commonplace everyday 
myriad
very great number 
nadir
lowest weakest point 
nascent
coming into existence emerging 
nebulous
cloud-like hazy vague indistinct 
negligent
taking too little care 
neophyte
person who has been converted to a belief 
nexus
a connection tie or link 
nibble
show some inclination to accept (an offer) 
noisome
offensive disgusting (smell) 
nonchalant
not having interest 
nonplused
greatly surprised 
nostrum
a quack remedy an untested cure 
noxious
harmful 
nugatory
trifling/worthless 
obdurate
hardened and unrepenting stubborn inflexible 
obfuscate
to darken make obscure muddle 
oblivious
unaware having no memory 
obloquy
abusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation 
obsequious
too eager to obey or serve 
obstreperous
noisy loud 
obtain
to be established accepted or customary 
obtrusive
projecting prominent undesirably noticeable 
obtuse
blunt/stupid 
obviate
to make unnecessary get rid of 
occluded
blocked up 
odious
repulsive hateful 
odium
contempt dislike aversion 
odor
smell favor reputation 
officious
too eager or ready to help offer advice 
ominous
threatening 
onerous
needing effort burdensome 
opaqueness
dullness/not allowing light to pass through 
opprobrious
showing scorn or reproach 
ossify
to turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea 
ostensible
seeming appearing as such professed 
ostentation
display to obtain admiration or envy 
ostracism
shut out from society refuse to meet talk 
overhaul
examine thoroughly to learn about the condition 
overweening
presumptuously arrogant overbearing immoderate being a jerk 
paean
song of praise or triumph 
palate
roof of the mouth sense of taste 
palatial
magnificent 
palliate
lessen the severity of 
palpability
can be felt touched understood 
palpitate
tremble beat rapidly and irregularly 
panegyric
formal praise eulogy 
paradigm
a model example or pattern 
parenthesis
sentence within another one smth separated 
pariah
an outcast a rejected and despised person 
parsimonious
too economical miserly 
partisan
one-sided committed to a party biased or prejudiced 
patron
regular customer person who gives support 
paucity
scarcity a lacking of 
peccadillo
small sin small weakness in one's character 
pedantic
bookish showing off learning 
pedestrian
commonplace trite unremarkable 
pellucid
transparent easy to understand 
penchant
strong inclination a liking 
penitent
feeling or showing regret 
penurious
poor/stingy 
penury
extreme poverty 
peregrination
traveling about wandering 
peremptory
urgent imperative unchallengeable ending debate 
perfidious
treacherous faithless 
perfidy
treachery breaking of faith 
perfunctory
done as a duty without care 
perilous
dangerous 
peripatetic
wandering 
perish
be destroyed decay 
perjury
willful FALSE statement unlawful act 
permeate
spread into every part of 
pernicious
harmful injurious 
perpetrate
be guilty commit (a crime) 
personable
pleasing in appearance attractive 
perspicacity
quick judging and understanding 
pertain
belong as a part have reference 
pest
destructive thing or a person who is nuisance 
petrified
taken away power (to think feel act) 
petrify
to make hard rocklike 
petrous
like a rock hard stony 
petulant
unreasonably impatient 
philistine
a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge 
phlegmatic
calm sluggish temperament unemotional 
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers 
pied
of mixed colors 
pinch
be too tight take between the thumb and finger 
pine
waste away through sorrow or illness 
pious
dutiful to parents devoted to religion 
piquant
agreeably pungent stimulating 
pique
hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity) 
pitfall
covered hole as a trap unsuspected danger 
pith
essential part force soft liquid substance 
pivotal
of great importance (others depend on it) 
placate
soothe pacify calm 
plaintive
mournful melancholy sorrowful 
plaque
flat metal on a wall as a memorial 
platitude
a trite or banal statement unoriginality 
plea
request 
plead
address a court of law as an advocate 
plethora
glut 
pliant
pliable easily bent shaped or twisted 
plod
continue doing smth without resting 
pluck
pull the feathers off pick (e.g.. flowers) 
plumb
get to the root of 
plummet
fall plunge steeply 
plunge
move quickly suddenly and with force 
poignant
deeply moving keen 
poncho
large piece of cloth 
ponderous
heavy bulky dull 
portent
omen marvelous threatening 
precarious
uncertain risky dangerous 
precepts
rules establishing standards of conduct 
preclude
prevent make impossible 
precursory
preliminary anticipating 
predilection
special liking mental preference 
predominate
have more power than others 
preen
tidy/show self-satisfaction 
premature
doing or happening smth before the right time 
preponderance
greatness in number strength weight 
presage
warning sign 
presumption
arrogance 
preternatural
not normal or usual 
prevalent
common 
prevaricate
to equivocate to stray from the truth 
prim
neat formal 
pristine
primitive unspoiled pure as in earlier times unadulterated 
probity
uprightness incorruptibility principle 
proclivity
inclination 
procrastination
keeping on putting off 
prodigal
wasteful reckless with money 
prodigious
enormous wonderful 
profane
worldly having contempt for God 
profligacy
shameless immorality 
profligate
wasteful prodigal licentious extravagant 
profundity
depth 
profuse
abundant/lavish 
proliferate
grow reproduce by rapid multification 
prolix
tiring because too long 
prone
prostrate inclined to (undesirable things) 
propagation
increasing the number spreading extending 
propinquity
nearness in time or place affinity of nature 
propitiatory
conciliatory appeasing mitigating 
propitious
auspicious presenting favorable circumstances 
prosaic
everyday mundane commonplace trite pedestrian 
proscribe
denounce as dangerous 
protracted
prolonged 
provident
frugal looking to the future 
provisional
of the present time only 
provoke
make angry vax 
prudence
careful forethought 
prudish
easily shocked excessively modest 
prune
dried plum silly person 
pry
get smth inquire too curiously 
pucker
wrinkle 
pugnacious
fond of in the habit of fighting 
puissance
strength 
punctilious
precise paying attention to trivialities 
pundit
pedant authority on a subject 
pungency
sharpness stinging quality 
purvey
provide supply 
pusillanimous
cowardly craven 
putrefaction
becoming rotten 
pyre
large pile of wood for burning 
quack
person dishonestly claiming to smth 
quaff
drink deeply 
quail
lose courage turn frightened 
qualm
feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness 
quandary
state of doubt or perplexity 
quell
suppress subdue 
quibble
try to avoid by sophistication 
quiescence
state of being passive/motionless 
quiescent
at rest dormant torpid 
quirk
habit or action peculiar to smb or smth 
quixotic
generous unselfish 
quotidian
banal everyday 
rabble
mob crowd the lower classes of populace 
raconteur
person who tells anecdotes 
raffish
low vulgar base tawdry 
ramify
to be divided or subdivided to branch out 
rancorous
feeling bitterness spitefulness 
rant
use extravagant language 
rapacious
greedy (esp for money) 
rarefy
to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine 
rave
act with excessive enthusiasm 
reactionary
opposing progress 
rebuff
snub 
recalcitrant
disobedient 
recant
take back as being FALSE give up 
recast
cast or fashion anew 
recidivism
relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior 
reciprocity
granting of privileges in return for similar 
recitals
a number of performance of music 
recluse
person who lives alone and avoids people 
recompense
make payment to reward punish 
reconcile
settle a quarrel restore peace 
recondite
little known abstruse 
recreancy
cowardice a cowardly giving up 
recuperate
become strong after illness loss exhaustion 
redeem
get back by payment compensate 
redoubtable
formidable causing fear 
refine
make or become pure cultural 
refractory
stubborn unmanageable untractable 
refulgent
shining brilliant 
regale
to delight or entertain to feast 
regicide
crime of killing a king
reiterate
say or do again several times 
rejuvenation
becoming young in nature or appearance 
relapse
fall back again 
remonstrate
to protest object 
render
deliver provide represent 
renovate
restore smth to better condition 
renowned
celebrated famous 
repast
meal 
repel
refuse to accept/cause dislike 
repine
at be discontented with 
reproach
scold upbraid 
reprobate
person hardened in sin one devoid of decency 
repudiate
disown refuse to accept or pay 
repulsive
causing a feeling of disgust 
requite
repay give in return 
rescind
repeal/annul/cancel 
resigned
unresisting submissive 
resilience
quality of quickly recovering the original shape 
resort
to frequently visit 
restive
refusing to move reluctant to be controlled 
resuscitation
coming back to consciousness 
retard
check hinder