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113 Cards in this Set

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soporific
sleep inducing, also a sleeping pill
root is 'sopor' = 'deep sleep' The black bear had a big supper before it's long winter sopor. I need a pillow that 'sops' up ter-'rific' sleep.
dolt
a stupid person
dolt from 'dold' which is 'dull' He is 'dol' to a T.
paramour
illicit lover
From par amour, or to love with great passion. originally used as a term by females for christ or by men for the virgin mary. now a semi-scandalous word
manque
frustrated in the fulfillment of one's aspirations or talents — used postpositively <a poet manqué>
used postpositively <a poet manqué>, originally meant crippled left hand (manco). a monkey will always fall short of a human's conquest of earth.
erudition
knowledge chiefly obtained from books. bookish learning
From latin 'e' to take away 'rude' rudeness or lack of skill. 'eh, rude, I? shun' the idea, I learned from books.
sagacity
wise, or the quality of being discerning and keen, far sighted judgement
Oddly enough the root work 'sag' means to seek or search, and does not requite 'old age' as part of the experience, though it is often used for elders. It is distantly related to ransack and ramshackle, where ran/m stands for home, so to seek or search a home for something.
inept
unskilled, unfit, foolish, unsuitable, incompetent
not apt or able. I am inept at any aptitude.
bungling
to act or work clumsily or awkwardly
From the icelandic 'banga' meaning to strike. may also be a mix of boggle and bumble.
plethora
abundance, profusion, an excess
Was a medical word that meant an excess of bodily fliud. A plethora is a plentiful abundance. I wish I had a plethora of funds; I might be able to fund graduate school!
indolent
causing little or no pain, slow to heal, relatively benign, lazy, averse to activity, effort, or movement, conducive to or encouraging laziness
An indolent individual is probably on the dole.
lethargic
abnormal drowsiness, state or quality of being lazy, sluggish, indifferent, apathetic
From 'lethe' = forgetfulness, and 'argos' = idle. In Greek mythology, there is a River of Forgetfulness called Lethe. When Ether first appeared in medicine, it was called Letheon so that it's chemical nature wasn't as apparent. Argon gas is named for argos due to its' intertness. Lethargic was originally a medical term for the stupor caused by some illnesses.
listless
lack of interest, energy, or spirit
Root is 'list' which is a derivation of 'lust' which means desire...so less lust = listless
diligent
steady, earnest, and energetic effort
He is a 'dilly' of a 'gent'; he works so smart and hard he is diligent
meticulous
extreme or excessive care in the consideration of treatment of details
From Latin 'metus' = fear. I 'met' a red'iculous' man; his attention to detail was extreme.
painstaking
action of taking pains, diligent care and effort
painful attention to the details you are staking your reputation on
bespoke
custom made
Bespoke" comes from the word bespeak, meaning to ask for or order something. This has its roots in Savile Row, where a customer would speak for a measure of cloth. A bolt chosen by one customer was not available for anyone else until the entire suit had been cut out and assembled.
scurrilous
using coarse language, vulgar and evil, containing obsenities, abuse, or slander
scurrilous is like a curr curiously spewing obscenities
enervated
reduce the mental or moral vigor of, lesson the vitality or strength of, to remove a nerve
e-take away, nerve-nerve or muscle strength
dissembling
hide under false appearances, put on the appearance of, conceal facts, feelings, or thoughts under some pretense
sem = same or seem, as is resemblence, dissimilar, simulate....so dis=not, sem=same, ling=act of. disseminate, resemble
debacle
violent disruption, rout, a great disaster, a complete failure, fiasco, a tumultous break up of ice in a river
Dee backs down from the military coup which is a disaster. debacle = disaster
veracity
truthfulness, accuracy
veritas = truth, verity, verdict, veritable,
rubble
broken fragments from the decay or destruction of a structure such as a building, confused mass of broken or worthless things, rough stone from quarry
Barney Rubble from the Flintstones is short and stocky like a knocked down building
detritus
loose materials from disintegration, desruction, or wearing away, leftover odds and ends
detriment, detritivore = earthworm which eats detritus, or organic loose material
barnacle
a marine organism that attaches to rocks, boats, whales
the origin is actually part of a old biological belief that animals formed from decaying materials. barnacles could be found on wood on the shore and had feather like appendages that resembled a goose's feathers; the barnacle goose, which nested in the arctic, so no one would see it breed, but it would appear on migration. They thought the two were connected.
poseur
person who pretends to be what he or she is not, an affected or insincere person
from 'pose' to put or place, so one who acts like they are such a way, or poses as something else
veracity
truthfulness, accuracy
veritas = truth, verity, verdict, veritable,
rubble
broken fragments from the decay or destruction of a structure such as a building, confused mass of broken or worthless things, rough stone from quarry
Barney Rubble from the Flintstones is short and stocky like a knocked down building
detritus
loose materials from disintegration, desruction, or wearing away, leftover odds and ends
detriment, detritivore = earthworm which eats detritus, or organic loose material
barnacle
a marine organism that attaches to rocks, boats, whales
the origin is actually part of a old biological belief that animals formed from decaying materials. barnacles could be found on wood on the shore and had feather like appendages that resembled a goose's feathers; the barnacle goose, which nested in the arctic, so no one would see it breed, but it would appear on migration. They thought the two were connected.
poseur
person who pretends to be what he or she is not, an affected or insincere person
from 'pose' to put or place, so one who acts like they are such a way, or poses as something else
dashiki
a loose fitting, v-necked shirt
traditionally worn by men in parts of West Africa
votary
devoted admirer, zealous worshipper, staunch believer or advocate, devotee
vot = vow, a votive is a expression of a vow, wish, or desire
peremptory
ending or preventing all debate or action, not allowing contradiction or refusal, imperative
preemption is to take for oneself, preventing another from taking it. 'per' the generals orders we 'empt'ied all the gold 'ores' without question.
docile
easily taught, easily led or managed
From 'docere'=teach, related to doctor. A docile dog is generally a well-managed dog.
plethora
excess, over abundance, profusion, originally an excess of red blood cells
pretty much just means too much fullness, more than the needed options.
impecunious
having very little or no money, usually habitually
The latin word for cattle is 'pecus' so being impecunious is literally being without cattle, which use to be a sign of wealth
a-
not or without
amoral, atypical, apathetic
an-
not or without
anaerobic, anarchy
eu-
good
eulogy, euphemism, eulogy
ben-/bon-
good
benefit, benevolent, bon voyage, bon vivant
caco-
bad
cacophonous,
ne-/mal-
bad
negative, nefarious, malicious,
im-
not
impossible, immortal, implacable,
in-
not
inappropriate, inept, insolvent
im-
inside
immerse,
in-
inside, beginning
innate, initial,
ante-
before
ante meridian, antebellum, antediluvian
post-
after
post meridian, postmortem
-ette
little
cigarette, dinette, coquette
-illo
little
armadillo, peccadillo
-ous
full of, very
joyous, amorous, pulchritudinous
-ist
a person
typist, pugilist, pacifist
-ify, -efy
to make
beautify, ossify, deify
-ize
to make
alphabetize, immunize, ostracize
-ate
to make
duplicate, renovate, placate
-ity
turns words into noun
jollity, serenity, timidity
misnomer
wrong name, misnaming of a person in a legal instrument, inappropriate designation
Calling a counselor a psychiatrist is a misnomer; a psychiatrist has a medical degree.
altercation
a noisy heated angry dispute or a noisy controversy
alter = other,
reproof
criticism for a fault
When I see someone do something foolish repeatedly I feel the need to proof thier habits repeatedly to eliminate the fault.
perfidy
being faithless or disloyal, treachery, act of instance of disloyalty.
per=detrimental, fides=faith, fidelity = faithful to detail, infidel = not faithful to Christianity,
elegy
a poem in elgiac couplets, song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for one who is dead, a speech resembling a song or poem, pensive or reflective poem or song that is nostalgic or melancholy
song of mourning or a funeral ode, but may apply to others written in the same manner. As a classic composer, Ella's death deserved an elegy.
innocuous
not full of harm
innoculations prevent disease (harm)
elegiac
sad or mourful
elegy = death song
dynamic
full of energy or changing
dynamite explodes and changes
disparaging
full of insults
to dis is to put down
phlegmatic
calm, composed
flag automatic, flys in calm countries without question
implacable
unchageable, stubborn
im = not, plac = calm, able = able to be
peccadillo
small wrong or fault
-illo = small
transgression
trespass or sin, a wrong
a form of trespassing (trans) agression
alias
different name
psuedonym
cacophony
bad or harsh sound
caco = bad, phon = sound
eructation
belch
eeehhhhruc! excuse that belch-tation
fanaticism
state of being a fanatic, or really into something
the fans were fanatic and shoed thier fanaticism
zealous
very into something, enthusiastic, involved
zealous for zelda, play for days on end
tumultous
wild, chaotic, disorganized
too much of us is crazy
arbitrator
mediator, go between
in a fight between McD and BK, Arby's would be the arbitrator's suggestion
Ruth
pity
girl's name meaning compassion
ruthless
without pity, cruel
lacking a woman's empathy
duplicity
quality of being dup or double, as in double dealing, double crossing and double talking (not idiocy)
duplicity is a double copy
dupe
person who has been double crossed or swindled, and is rather idiotic
one who falls for the trick is duped
adulation
hero worship or extreme admiration
adul = idol
retrospection
look back, review
retro = from past, spect = examine
prophet
one who predicts the future
one who is really a prophet would profit from seeing the future
exculpate
remove the blame
ex = not, culp = blame, ate = to make
exonerate
remove guilt or blame
ex = not, oner = ?, ate = to make
compromise
imperil, put into danger
compromise is to risk the com's promise
proliferate
grow in number or size, become more abundant
pro - LIFE -ate
to perturb
to exasperate, to annoy, to harass
per turd is annoyance
desiccate
dry out or remove moisture
de = out of or away from,
enervate
to devitalize, to remove the energy from, to weaken
e = not, nerve = energy
sanction
restrict
economic sanctions prohibit business
swindle
cheat or trick
pigs may be swine, but at least they don't swindle you
chicanery
trickery in matters of the law
lawyers are chickens, creating legal trickery
attenuate
make slender, thin, or diluted
attenuated vaccines are weakened
derogate
denouce or be critical of
interrogate it sot question, derogate is to put down
epithet
descriptive term often used derogatorily or critically
in the south, 'bless your heart' is often a epithet, as can be the term 'special'
sycophant
over flatterers, kiss ups, yes men
sycophants might be psychotic in thier need to please someone
recluse
hermit or solitary person
remove to the closet
pedant
teacher, especially one that is overly precise and didactic
ped = child
heretic
rebel, one who doesn't agrese with the orthodox religion
those who worship 'her' are heretics since they don't follow a male god
malingerer
one who pretends to be sick in order to get out of work
mal = bad, so one who lingers in false poor health for thier own benefit
prodigy
highly talented person
pro = good
bluestocking
a learned woman especially in literary circles
blue = knowledge, stocking = woman
pugilist
boxer
pug = war or fight, ist = person
bellicose
war like, hostile, argumentative, and fighting
belligerent
erudite
well educated or scholarly
hopefully and educated person isn't a -rude- ite (person)
benefactor
person who does good or bring benefits
bene = good, factor = person
beguiling
tricking or confusing
be guiled (naieved)
taciturn
not talkative or of few words
tacit = silent
narcissist
person overflowing with self-love
narcisses loved himself so much
charismatic
inspiring loyalty
charisma attracts others loyalty
imbecile
a fool
imbalanced in the brain = imbecile
obsequious
excessively flattering
'o' 'be' 'seek' ing the approval of another