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350 Cards in this Set

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privy
secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
writhe
twist in coils; contort in pain
apparition
ghost; phantom
confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
subside
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
gruesome
grisly; horrible
tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
paucity
scarcity; dearth
grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
pragmatist
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
tremor
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
ablution
washing
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
overblown
inflated; exaggerated
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
sobriety
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
citadel
fortress
crinkle
wrinkle
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
weather
pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces
ensue
follow (as a result)
score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
flair
talent
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
surmount
overcome
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
trite
hackneyed; commonplace
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
aversion
firm dislike
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
appellation
name; title
guileless
without deceit
decollete
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
unmitigated
(of something bad) not moderated; unrelieved or immoderate; without qualification; absolute; Ex. unmitigated disaster
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
sylvan
pertaining to the woods or the country
putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
treasure
keep as precious; cherish
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
caricature
distortion; burlesque
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
abhor
detest; hate
windfall
fallen fruit; unexpected lucky event
peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
aloft
upward; high up in the air
ordeal
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
reciprocate
do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
ambrosia
food of the gods
saline
salty
stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
withdrawn
introverted; retiring; remote remote/distant in manner; aloof
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
denigrate
blacken; defame
quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
insomnia
wakefulness; inability to sleep
lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
wan
having a pale or sickly color; pallid
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
dauntless
bold; fearless
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wing building support
hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
deleterious
harmful
pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
gruel
thin liquid porridge
plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
impenitent
not repentant
potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
incorrigible
uncorrectable
suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
betroth
become engaged to marry
resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
shrewd
clever; astute
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
xenophobia
fear or hatred of foreigners; N. xenophobe
lethal
deadly
hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: | state of mind or emotion
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
unruly
disobedient; lawless; difficult to control
converse
opposite; ADJ.
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
thrall
slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall
abridge
condense or shorten
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
celestial
heavenly
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
chronic
long established as a disease
quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
appall
dismay; shock deeply
manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
flora
plants of a region or era
tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
empirical
based on experience
Spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
purgatory
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
isotope
varying from of an element
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
stellar
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
toxic
poisonous; N. toxicity
latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
turgid
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
vying
contending; CF. vie
peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
infer
deduce; conclude; N. inference
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
prevail
be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
abash
embarrass
evince
show clearly
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
panacea
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
unfrock
defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
enact
make (a bill) into law
pluck
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
utopia
ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian
valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
incident
event; event that causes a crisis
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
mauve
pale purple
abjure
renounce upon oath
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
solemnity
seriousness; gravity
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
entity
real being
indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
practical
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
buffoon
stupid person; clown
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
odorous
having an odor
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
recrimination
countercharges; V. recriminate
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
supernumerary
person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
imminent
impending; near at hand
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
brochure
pamphlet
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
tanner
person who turns animal hides into leather
premise
assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification