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574 Cards in this Set

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Thane
Soldier, warrior, loyal to a noble and protected by that noble
Athel
Nobleman
His
Its
Hem
Them
Hir
Their
Perced
Parched
Swich
Such
Eek
Also
Soote
Fresh
eye
Smale
Small
Couthe
Known
Holpen
Helped
Seke
Sick
Ful
Very
Aventure
Chance
Wolden
Would
Devise
Describe
Natheless
Nonetheless, nevertheless
Thanne
Then
Werre
War
Ferre
Farther
Hetheness
Heathen lands
Foughten
Fought
Thries
Thrice, three times
Ay
Always
Ilke
Same
Again
Against
Pris
Reputation
Port
Demeanor
Verray
True (verité)
Parfit
Perfect
Gentil
Noble
Hors
Horse
Late
Lately, recently, just a little while ago
Wered
Wore
Greet
Great
Rede
Red
Namo
No more
Arwes
Arrows
Bar
Bore, endured
Thriftily
Properly
Takel
Gear
Coude
Knew
Soothly
Truly
Soong
Sung
Scole
School
Leet
Let
Mete
Meals
Over-lippe
Upper lip
Coppe
Cup
Grece
Grease
Sikerly
Certainly
Pitous
Merciful
Deed
Dead
Yën
Eyes
Therto
Moreover
Reed
Red
War
Aware
Smal
Dainty
Daintee
Fine
Able
Worthy
Pace
Pass (as in "pass away")
Been
Are
Til
To
Gris
Grey, grey fur
Souple
Supple
Can
Knows
Of
By
Pitaunce
Donation
Wiste
Knew
Hostiler
Inn keeper, host
Beggestere
Better
Sike
Sick
Avaunce
Profit
Sho
Shoe
Widwe
Window
Fetisly
Elegantly
Winning
Profit
Bisette
Employed
I noot
Means "I don't know"
Holwe
Hollow
Office
Secular employment
Fithele
Fiddle
Scoleye
Study (remember: scole=school)
Plein
Full
Science
Knowledge
Nas
Was not
Ceint
Belt (in French, ceinture=belt)
Delit
Delight
Plentevous
Plentious
Mete
Food
Anlaas
Dagger
Chaped
Mounted (he chaped a hors=he got on a horse)
Knowe
Recognize
By weste
In the west
Hewe
Hue, color
Hyer
Upper (the hyer hand=the upper hand)
Bisides
All around, surrounded
For
Because
Yknow
Known
Norissing
Nourishment
Drogges
Drugs
Pers
Blue
Somdeel deef
A bit deaf
Wroth
Angry, wrathful
Withouten
Without, not counting
Carpe
Talk
Parchaunce
As it so happened (i.e. by chance)
Person
Parson
Trewly
Truly, faithfully
Wonder
Wonderfully
Hoole
Whole
Catel
Property (think "chatel")
Brood
Broad
Ensample
Example
Meschief
Misfortune
Substaunce
Property
Preved
Proved
Sithes
Times
Sithen
Happened, occurred, it was, been. Archaic past participle of "to be."
Figure
Metaphor
Lewed
Uneducated
Shiten
Befouled, tainted (think "covered in shit")
Leet
Left
It
If there
Snibben
Scold
Trowe
Believe
Lore
Teaching
Tho
Those
Caughte
Took
Ylad
Carried
Dong
Dung
Dike
Work hard
Delve
Dig
Mere
Mare, female horse
Renning
Running
Carl
Fellow
Brawn
Muscle
Eres
Ears
Bockeler
Buckler, type of shield
Werte
Wart
Nosethirles
Nostrils
Furnais
Furnace
Janglere
Chatterer, chatterbox
Harlotries
Obscenities (makes sense, right? Harlots)
Soune
Sound
Vitaile
Victuals
Pace
Pass, as in "surpass," better, more
Falle
Befall, happen, occur
Sclendre
Slender
Yseene
Visible (makes sense if you think of it as "yë," or eye, + seen. Means "seen by the eye.")
Biforn
Before, in front of
Stoor
Stock (that which you store)
Sin
Since
Adrad
Afraid
Prively
Privately, secretly
Astored
Stored, stocked up on
Good
Property
A good "mister"
A good occupation
Highte
Was named
Surcote
Overcoat, coat, jacket
Fir-reed
Fire-red
Hoot
Hot
Aferd
Afraid
Wood
Mad
Grope
Examine, study, search for meaning in (sort of like groping at an idea)
Harlot
Rascal
Suffre
Permit, bear, allow
Foond
Found
Owher
Anywhere
If
Unless
Cursing
Excommunication (cursing of the church)
Compeer
Comrade, friend
Conseil
Secrets
Heeng
Hung
Jolity
Joviality, happiness, nonchalance, insousiance, blitheful, care-free
Overspradde
Overspread, spread all over with something
Smal
High-pitched (think small, high note)
Hente
Seized
Jesu Crist
Jesus Christ
Crois
Cross
Rood
Cross
Upon
In
Japes
Tricks
Storye
Liturgical narrative, religious story
Merierly
More merrily
Viage
Trip, voyage
Cheere
Behavior, attitude
Proprely
Accurately
Charge
Responsibility
Moot
Must
Al
Although
Vilainye
Rudeness
Anoon
At once, immediately
Bergeis
Burgher, resident, townsperson
Hertely
Heartily
Fain
Gladly
Erst
Before (Think "erstwhile" as in "formerly")
But
Unless
Seeche
Seek, search
Shorte
Shorten
Twaye
Two
Sentence
Meaning
Whilom
Once upon a time
Mo
More
Pris
Price
Fet
Fetched, got
Eechoon
Each one
Lenger
Longer
Amorwe
In the morning
Arreste
Halt (like in French, arrête=stop)
Accorde
To agree
Mote
May
Shamefastnesse
Modesty
Soothe
Truth
Troth
Faithfulness, loyalty
Fil
Fell, fell to, went to
Moste
Must
Conne
Can
Quite
Repay
Nolde
Would not (looks like "would" and there's an N in front of it. Like "nas" meaning "was not.")
Can
Know
Leve
Dear
Legende
Saint's life, or a tale of a saint's life
Cokewold
Cuckold, to make a man a cuckold, to have sex with his wife
Fame
Reputation
Oon
A one, someone
Pardee
By God, allowed by heaven
Privetee
Secrets
Enquere
Inquire
Bet
Better
Falsen
Falsify
Yheere
Hear
Chese
Choose
Leef
Page, leaf of a book
Harlotrye
Ribaldry, good times over obscene jokes
Gnof
Churl, rude, boorish person
Fantasye
Desire
Axed
Asked
Cleped
Called
Swoote
Sweet
Roong
Rang
Newe
Lately, recently
Elde
Age, elderly-ness
Wesele
Wasel
Morne
Morning
Lendes
Loins
Broiden
Embroidered
Coler
Collar
Of
With
Wolle
Wool
Girdel
Belt
Popelote
Doll
Joly
High-spirited
Eft
Again
Fil
Happened
Quanite
Clever
Ich
I, personal pronoun as in "me, myself, and I"
Harrow
Help
Waite
Be on guard, wait for danger, keep a look out
Derne
Secret
Thakked
Patted
Haliday
Holy day (which is where we get "holiday" from)
Child
Young man
Ycleped
Called, named
Strokes
Blows, strikes, hitting, by force
Squaimous
Squeamish
Namely
Especially
Love-longinge
Love-longing, lovesickness
Shoon
Shone
Paramours
Love ("amour" is right there, in the word)
Jolif
Pretty (French: Jolie"
Bowre
Bedroom
Everydeel
Every bit
Waketh
Stays awake
Meeth
Mead, beer
Wafres
Pastries
Meede
Money
Scaffold
Platform, stage
Wood
Furious, angry
Beer
Bear
Nye
Nearby
Shapen
Arrange
Wile
Trick (think "wiley")
Hire
Hers
She niste
"She didn't know"
Trowed
Believed
Falle
Happen, befall
Thilke
This
Eet
Ate
Sleep
Slept
A
On
Woodnesse
Madness
Sterres
Stars
Spitously
Vehemently (think "so vehemently, spit came out with his words")
Wentestou
"Wentest thou?" Or, rather, "Did you go?"
Swinke
Work
Mighty
Strong
Lief
Loved, beloved
Trouthe
Word of honor
Forlore
Lost
Sely
Innocent
Noees
Noah's (Noees flood=Noah's flood)
Dreint
Drowned
Drenche
To drown
Lese
To lose
Heed
Head
Lorn
Lost
Yore
Long ago (days of yore=days of long ago)
Er
Before
In
Lodging (think "Inn")
Fy
Fie, fuck that, a curse on that
Madde
Go mad, go crazy
Hire
Her
Doke
Duck
Clepe
Call
Avised
Advised against, warned of
Space
Time
Scape
Escape
Affeccioun
Emotion
Deepe
Deeply
Verrailiche
Truly
Drenchen
Drown
Siketh
Sighs
In
Dwelling
Shette
Shut
Dressed
Arranged
Clomben
Climbed
Eft
Then
Lith
Lies
Solas
Pleasure, joy, entertainment
Freres
Friars
Wirche
Work
Mote
May
Rist
Rises
Kembd
Combed
Beer
Bore
Rometh
Roam about, stroll
Lemman
Sweetheart
Swelte
Melt (think of the sweltering sun, that melts things)
Turtle
Dove
Com-pa-ma
Come-kiss-me
Stille
Quietly
Savourly
With relish
Long yherd
Long haired
Beerd
Beard
Corpus
The body
Satanas
Satan
Despit
Insult
Yqueint
Quenched
Heled
Healed, cured
Defye
Renounce
Weep
Wept
Esily
Quietly
Chimenee
Fireplace
Dereling
Dear-ling, darling
Jape
Joke, to joke, to trick
With
By
Yblent
Blinded
Thonder-dent
Thunderbolt
Toute
Buttocks
Wood
Crazy
Smert
Smart, sting, cause pain
Brosten
Broken
Keeping
Guarding, keeping safe, watching out for
Nones
Occasion
Axe
Ask
Digne
Worthy (having dignity, worth)
Leven
Believe
Lordinges
Gentlemen (lord-ings)
Ones
Once
Which
What
Woot
Know
Wit
Knowledge
Scoleying
Schooling
Defended
Prohibited
Shrewed
Cursed
Drede
Doubt
Maidenhede
Virginity
Nis
Is not ("Is" with an N in front of it)
Yaf
Gave
Renneth
Runs
Fir
Fire
Tree
Wood
Glose
Like modern "gloss," interpret
Dette
Debt
Maide
Virgin
Dettour
Debtor
Withal
As well
Propre
Own ("his propre body"="his own body")
Sterte
Started
What
Why
Nil
Will not ("Will" canceled out by the N in front)
Fay
Faith
Chidde
Chided
Songen
Sung ("en" always marks past tense in Middle English)
Overal
Everywhere, wherever
Parage
Parentage, descent, lineage
Malencolye
Malcontent, in a bad humor
Outher
Either
Foul
Ugly
To chepe
Bargain for, get things cheap
Make
Mate
Levene
Lightning
Entendeth
Aims, intentions, that which was intended
Dropping
Leaking
Shrewe
Rascal
Bye
Buy
Norice
Nurse
Kindely
Naturally
Grucching
Grumbling, grousing (think "grouching")
Habit
Clothing
Loke
Lock
Thar
Need
Whan
When
Thanne
Then
Lasse
Less
Senge
Singe
Slik
Sleek
Renne
Run
Keepe
Guard
Yit
Yet
Ferthe
Fourth
Bonde
Bound, by a bond
Brent
Burnt
Pine
Suffering
Plaine
Complain
Spilt
Ruined
Wende
Thought
Raunson
Ransom
Ba
Kiss
Suffrable
Patient (as in French)
Tooth
Taste
Revelour
Reveler
Smale
Gracefully
Birafte
Bereft, deprived
Boote
Good
Pith
Vigor
Preciously
Expensively (decorated preciously=decorated expensively)
Cheste
Box. Usually used as "coffin" (box for a body) or "money chest" (box for money)
Daliaunce
Flirtatiousness
Sterte
Run
Dame
Mother
Bitokeneth
Signifies, is a token of, suggest, indicates
Moten
Must, had to
Purveyed
Provided
Hold
Possession (in the hold of=in the possession of)
Seel
Seal
Wel-bigoon
Well-situated
Ay
Ever
He liked me
He PLEASED me, or, rather, I liked HIM
Stibourne
Stubborn, untamed
Geestes
Stories
Lafte
Left (as in "to leave")
Someres
Summer's
Galwes
Gallows
Rente
Rent, tore
Disport
Entertainment
Vacacioun
Free time
An impossible
An impossibility
Dispense
Spending
Writ
Writes
Tho
Then
Stinte
Stops
Shrewednesse
Malice
Ouche
Trinket
Likerous
Lecherous
Algates
In every way
Cors
Corpse
Bithinke
Imagine
Wikked
Perverse
Womman
Woman
Mordred
Murdered
Biseeke
Beseech, ask, plea
Lough
Laughed
Bishrewe
Curse
Moorne
Mourn
Mede
Meadow
Disfigure
Deformity
She thoughte that she dyde
She thought that she would die
Faste
Close
Under
By
Way
Road
Conne
Know
Moder
Mother
Pruddeste of hem alle
Proudest of them all
Pistel
Message
Bode
Bidden to, asked to, told to
Best
Beast
Han
To have
Ich kept thy life
I saved your life
Benedicite
Bless me
Lothly
Loathsome, hideous
Winde
Turn
Breste
Break
So
Provided that
Thenne
Thence, from that place, from that time on. (Thenne to Rome=and from there onto Rome)
Boren
Born
Renomee
Reknown
Poverte
Poverty
Wilful
Voluntary, of one's own volition
Chees
Choose
Wheither
Whichever
Cheseth
Choose
Tomorn
Tomorrow morning
Hente
Took
Shorte
Shorten
Doost
Make
Cake
Loaf of bread
Lere
Learn
Honeste
Decent
Whenne
From what place? What origin? What cause? (Why?)
Contrefete
Imitate
Dees
Dice
Sleen
Slay, kill
Crist bought us with his blood
Christ redeemed us with his blood
Defended tree
Forbidden tree
Wombe
Belly
Cristes
Christ's
Spicerye
Spices
Sepulture
Burial
Looketh
Look, see, behold
Deide
Died
Lacedomye
Sparta
Historia Regum Britanniae
History of the Kings of Britain, by Geoffrey of Monmouth
Lightly
Easily
Ook
Oak
Swithe
Swiftly, quickly
Treden
Stepped, walked, trudged, tread
Inde
India
Welked is my face
Withered is my face
Hoor upon his heed
Hoary (white) hair upon his head. (Suggests he is old, wise)
Feend
Fiend (usually the devil)
Quelle
Kill
Fest
Fist
Departed
Divided into parts
Lustes
Desires (what you lust for)
Trone
Throne
Beye
Buy
Stroven
Died
Cast
Plotted
For right as they had cast his deeth bifore, right so they han him slain, and that anoon.
Just as they had plotted his death before, they had him slain immediately.
Luxure
Lechery
Unkinde
Unnatural
Thou art so fals and unkinde
You are so false and unnatural
Male
Bag
Everich
Everyone
Rede
Advise
Envoluped
Involved in
Everichoon
Everyone, each one
Tord
Turd
Stape in age
Advanced in age
Shente
Hurt
Ey
Egg
Drye
Dry
Yeerd
Yard
Crew
Crowed (the cock crew=the cock crowed)
Burned
Burnished, polished, brass-colored and shiny
Loken
Locked
Lith
Limb
Rore
Roar
Free
Generous
Daun
Master
Fer
Far away
Tide
Time
Ectore
Hector
Venimes
Poisons
Neveradeel
Not a bit
Nice
Foolish
Flatour
Flatterer
As
As if
Fructuous
Fruitful
What characterizes Old English verse?
1. It is alliterative. 2. It is based on the number of accented syllables (unaccented syllables do not count.) 3. There is a central pause called a "caesura."

Example: Beaowulf waes breme----blaed wide sprang
Translation: Beowul was famous, his fame wide sprung