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37 Cards in this Set

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Aurora
Greek goddess of the dawn
Euphrosyne
Greek goddess of mirth. One of the three "Charities" or "Graces." Daughter of Aphrodite (Goddess of beauty, aka "Venus" to the Romans) and Dionysus (God of wine, good times, and revelry, aka "Bacchus" to the Romans). Euphrosyne (mirth) is a blend of both (meaning "beautiful good times").
Apollo
Roman god of the sun as well as poetry.
Cynthia
Greek goddess of the moon.
Zeus
Jupiter. Chief god, god of the sky.
Poseidon
Neptune. Lord of the sea.
Hades
Pluto. Lord of the dead, the underworld (but not death itself).
Hestia
Vesta. Goddess of the hearth.
Hera
Juno. Protector of marriage.
Ares
Mars. God of war.
Athena
Minerva. Goddess of wisdom.
Aphrodite
Venus. Goddess of love and beauty.
Hermes
Mercury. Messenger god, leads dead to underworld, inventor of music
Artemis
Diana. Goddess of the hunt. Twin sister of Apollo.
Apollo
Phoebus. God of healing, intellectual pursuits, dine arts, prophesy, sun, and light
Hephestus
Vulcan. God of smiths and weavers.
Demeter
Ceres. Goddess of the harvest.
Persephone
Proserpine. Goddess of the underworld, captured by Hades
Eros
Cupid. God of love, son of Aphrodite.
Eris
Goddess of strife
Pan
God of goatherds and shepherds, plays the fife and looks like a goat
The Three Graces: Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia
Daughters of Zeus and Eurynome. Aglaia: splendor. Euphrosyne: mirth. Thalia: good cheer.
The Muses: Clio, Urania, Melpomene, Thalia, Terpsichore, Calliope, Erato, Polyhymnia, Euterpe
Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, known for their music which brings joy to anyone who hears it. Each of the muses has her own specialty. Clio: history. Urania: astronomy. Melpomene: tragedy. Thalia: comedy. Terpsichore: dance. Calliope: epic poetry. Erato: love poetry. Polyhymnia: songs to the gods. Euterpe: lyric poetry
The Furies
Punish crime
The Fates
decide a person's destiny and lifespan
The Titans
Ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them
Chronos
Saturn. Ruler of the Titans. Zeus' father.
The Naiads, Nereides, and Oceanides
The three classes of water nymphs
Gaea
The goddess of earth, the grandmother of Chronus and great-grandmother of Zeus.
Chaos
The initial state of the universe, space, darkness, the void or abyss out of which Gaea and everything else sprung.
What caused the Trojan war? (There are three factors)
1. Paris stole Menelaus' wife, Helen
2. Zeus raped a mortal woman named Leda
3. The curse on the House of Atreus (Menelaus' wife was abducted as part of the curse)
What happens in the story of Prometheus?
Trick question! There are lots of stories about Prometheus. Usually, he's said to have helped civilize human beings by introducing them to fire. In some stories, he's said to have both made them out of clay and introduced them to fire. The usual story is that Zeus has Prometheus' liver torn out by vultures for eternity. In other versions, though, Zeus creates Pandors and sends her to Prometheus' brother with a jar that, when opened, releases evil into the world.
Who builds the Parthenon?
The Athenians
Hephaistos
God of fire and craftmanship. Makes Achilles' armor and a magnificent shield for him, which Homer talks about at length. This is also the god from whom Prometheus steals fire.
Who or what is responsible for the Trojan War?
1. Paris, who stole Helen
2. The gods (especially Zeus)
3. The curse on the House of Atreus (that makes everything bad for Agomemnon and Meneleus)
What is the Minotaur? Who created him and where does he live?
A beast that is half man, hall bull. It was created by Daedalus. It lives in the labyrinth of King Minos on the island of Crete. *Daedalus is an important name to know. Joyce appropriates it and uses it in both A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Ulysses.
Who builds the Trojan Horse? Who writes about it?
The Trojan horse was built by a Greek craftsman named Epeius. Homer writes about it in The Odyssey and Virgil writes about it in The Aeneid.