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113 Cards in this Set

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ABASE (v) - ABASEMENT (n)
LOWER; DEGRADE; HUMILIATE;

Anna expected to have to curtsy to the King; when told to cast herself down on the ground before him, however, she refuseed to abase herself.

어, 배가 땅에 닿겠다!
ABASH (v)
EMBARRASS

He was not at all abashed by the open admiration from others.

아가씨를 보면 창피해
*ABATE (v)
SUBSIDE; MODERATE;

Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.

동물은 bait를 주면 잔잔해진다
*ABBERANT (a)
Abnormal; Deviant;

Given the abberant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.

아 발랑 까진 천둥벌거숭이는 정상이 아니야
ABBERATION (n)
ABNORMALITY; MENTAL IRREGULARITY; DISORDER;

It remains the consensus among investors on Wall Street that current high oil prices are a temporary aberration and that we shall soon see a return to cheap oil.

애 벌레있어서 잠시 정신히 이상했었어
ABDICATE (n)
RENOUNCE; GIVE UP;

When Edward VIII abdicated the British throne, he surprised the entire world.

아~ㅂ 띠꺼워... 뭐 잘났다고 거절하고 지랄이야...
ABET (v)
ASSIST DOING WRONG; ENCOURAGE;

She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.

아 빼팅 하는거야? 내가 한 수 거들어주리?
*ABEYANCE (n)
SUSPENDED ACTION;

The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

아 Beyonce를 꼬실 때까지 결혼은 무한정 미룰꺼야!
ABHOR (v) - ABHORRENCE (n)
DETEST; HATE;

She abhorred all forms of bigotry.

아~ㅂ 홀딱깨게 싫어!!
ABJECT (a)
WRETCHED; LACKING PRIDE;

On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind

납작해진 희망
ABJURE (v) - ABJURATION (n)
RENOUNCE UPON OATH; DISAVOW;

Pressure from university authorities causeed the young scholar to abjure his heretical opinions.

기브업했졀~
ABLUTION (n)
WASHING;

His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath"

액채 솔루션으로 목욕해요~
ABNEGATION (n)
RENUNCIATION; SELF-SACRIFICE;

Though Rudolph and Duchess Flavia loved one another, their love was doomed, for she had to wed the king; their act of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom

내가 희생을 해야지
ABOLISH (v) - ABOLITION (n)
CANCEL; PUT AN END TO;

The president of the college refused to abolish the physical education requirement.

폐지
ABOMINABLE (A)
DETESTABLE; EXTREMELY UNPLEASANT; VERY BAD;

Mary liked John until she learned he was also dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young man, with abominable taste in woman

oh, vomittable bad guy!
ABOMINATE (v)
LOATHE; HATE;

Moses scolded the idol worshippers in the tribe because he abominated the custom

만인이 싫어하는 범인이네!
ABORIGINAL (a) (n) - ABORIGINE (n)
BEING THE FIRST OF ITS KIND IN A REGION; PRIMITIVE; NATIVE;

Her studies of the primitive art forms of the aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific jounals.

오리지날!
ABORTIVE (a) - ABORT (v)
UNSUCCESSFUL; FRUITLESS;

Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacfully.

실패한
ABRASIVE (a) - ABRADE (v)
RUBBING AWAY; TENDING TO GRIND DOWN;

Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience.

닳게하는
ABROGATE (v)
ABOLISH;

The king intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor

폐지하다
ABSCISSION (n)
REMOVAL BY CUTTING OFF, AS IN SURGERY; SEPRATION;

Gas gangrene spreads so swiftly and is so potentially deadly that doctors advise abscission of the gangrenous tissue. Whena flower or leaf separates naturally from the parent plant, this process is called abscission or leaf fall.

scissor; 절단
*ABSCOND (v)
DEPART SECRETLY AND HIDE;

The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until someone recognized him from his photograph on America's Most Wanted.

(나쁜짓을 하고) 자취를 감추다
ABSOLUTE (a)
COMPLETE; TOTALLY UNLIMITED; CERTAIN;

Although the king was an absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity

완전한, 절대적인
ABSOLVE (v) - ABSOLUTION (n)
PARDON (AN OFFENSE)

The father confessor absolved him of his sins.

죄를 녹도록(dissolve) 면제하다
*ABSTEMIOUS (a)
SPARING IN EATING AND DRINKING; TEMPERATE;

Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him

음식을 절제하는
ABSTRUSE (a)
OBSCURE; PROFOUND; DIFFICULT TO UNDERSTAND;

Baffled by the abstruse philosophical texts assigned in class, Dave asked Lexy to explain Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.

그 이야기는 알아듣기 힘들어서 막 스트레스 받어!
ABUT (v)
BORDER UPON; ADJOIN.

Where our estates abut, we must build a fence.

butt against
ABYSMAL (a)
BOTTOMLESS;

His arrogance is exceeded only by his abysmal ignorance.

끝이없게 깊게 지독하
ABYSS (n)
ENORMOUS CHASM; VAST, BOTTOMLESS PIT;

Darth Vader seized the evil emperor and hurled him into the abyss.

구렁텅이
ACCEDE (v)
AGREE;

If I accede to this demand for black mail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.

동의하다
ACCLAIM (v) - ACCLAMATION (n)
APPLAUD; ANNOUNCE WITH GREAT APPROVAL;

The sportscasters acclaimed every American victory in the Olympics and decried every American defeat

갈체를 보내다
ACCLIMATE (v)
ADJUST TO CLIMATE OR ENVIRONMENT; ADAPT;

One of the diffiulties of our present air age is the need of travelers to acclimate themselves to their new and often strange environments

길들이다
ACCLIVITY (n)
SHARP UPSLOPE OF A HILL.

The car could not go up the acclivity in high gear

언덕에서 끌어바땨... 도 흘러내리겠지
ACCOLADE (n)
AWARD OF MERIT.

In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade.

명예
ACCORD (n)
AGREEMENT;

She was in complete accord with the verdict

everyone agrees that the Honda Accord is a good value
ACCOST (v)
APPROACH AND SPEAK FIRST TO A PERSON;

When the two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I thought they were going to attack me

먼저 말을걸다
ACCOUTER (v) - ACCOUTERMENT (n)
EQUIP;

The fisherman was accouterd with the best that the sporting goods store could supply.

차려입다
ACCRETION (n) - ACCRETE (v)
GROWTH; INCREASE;

Over the years Bob put on weightl because of this accretion of flesh, he went from size M to size XL.

어 쿠션 생겼네? 살 붙었어?
ACERBIC (a)
BITTER OR SOUR IN NATURE; SHARP AND CUTTING;

Noted for her acerbic wit and gossiping, Alice Roosevelt Longworth had a pillow in her home embroidered with the legend "If you can't say something good about someone, sit right here by me."

아 썳(떫)어
ACERBITY (n)
BITTERNESS OF SPEECH AND TEMPER. The meeting of the UN Assembly was marked with such acerbity that osbservers held little hope of reaching any useful settlement of the problem
ACETIC (a)
VINEGARY.

The salad had an exceedingly acetic flabor

시큼한
ACIDULOUS (a)
SLIGHTLY SOUR; SHARP; CAUSTIC;

James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and acidulous remarks

시큼한
ACME (n)
PEAK; PINNACLE; HIGHEST POINT;

Welles' success in Citizen Kane marked the acme of his career as an actor; never again did he achieve such popular acclaim

극치, 절정
ACQUIESCE (v) - ACQUIESCENCE (n) - ACQUIESCENT (a)
ASSENT; AGREE PASSIVELY;

Althought she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions. I could tell she had reservations about the changes he wanted made.

어 quite하게 agree 했어
ACQUITTAL (n) - ACQUIT (v)
DELIVERANCE FROM A CHARGE;

His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought im guilty.

방면
ACRID (a)
SHARP; BITTERLY PUNGENT;

The acrid odor of burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.

콕 쏘는
ACRIMONIOUS (a) - ACRIMONY (n)
BITTER IN WORDS OR MANNER.

The candidate attacked his opponent in highly acrimonious terms.

아 그리 뭔일 있어? 독살스럽게 말이야..
ACROPHOBIA (n)
GEAR OF HEIGHTS.

A born salesman, he could cinvnice someone with a bad case of acrophobia to sign up for a life membership in a sky-diving club.

고소 공포증
ACTUARIAL (a)
CALCULATING; PERTAINING TO INSURANCE STATISTICS;

According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago.

보험 통계적인
ACTUATE (v)
MOTIVATE;

I fail to understand what actuated you to reply to this letter so nastily.

발동시키다
ACUITY (n)
SHARPNESS.

In time his youthful acuity of vision failed him, and he needed glasses.

날카로움
ACUMEN (n)
MENTAL KEENNESS.

Her business acumen helped her to succeed where others had failed.

통찰력있는
ACUTE (a)
QUICKLY PERCEPTIVE; KEEN; BRIEF AND SEVERE;

The acute young doctor realized immediately that the gradual deterioration of her patient's once-acute hering was due to a chronic illness, not an acute one.
날카로운
ADAGE (n)
WISE SAYING; PROVERB;

There is much truth in the old adage about fools and their money.

아따... 재 오래된 속담이 역시 좋구마이...
ADDLE (v) - ADDLED (a)
MUDDLE; DRIVE CRAZY; BECOME ROTTEN;

This idiotic plan is confusing enough to addle anyone.

머리가 아들아들 한게 혼란스럽네 그랴...
ADHERE (v) - ADHESION (n) - ADHERENCE (n)
STICK FAST;

I will adhere to this opinion until proof that I am wrong is presented
ADHERENT (n)
SUPPORTER; FOLLOWER;

In the wake of the scandal, the senator's one-time aderents quietly deserted him

지지자
ADJACENT (a)
ADJOINING; NEIGHBORING; CLOSE BY;

Philip's best friend Jason lived only four houses down the block, near but not immediately adjacent.

인접한
ADJUNCT (n)
SOMETIHNG ADDED ON OR ATTACHED.

Although I don't aboslutely neede a second computer, I plan to buy a laptop to serve as an adjunct to my desktop model.

어정쩡하게 붙어 있는 임시 부착물들이 많네 그랴...
ADJURTAION (n) - ADJURE (v)
SOLEMN URGING;

Her adjuration to tell the truth did not change the witnesses' testimony.

어~ 쩔아쎵... 엄명을 밭아서
ADJUTANT (n)
STAFF OFFICER ASSISTING THE COMMANDER; ASSISTANT

Though Wellington delegated many tasks to his chief adjutant, Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Somerset was in no doubt as to who made all major decisions.

조수
*ADMONISH (v)
WARN; REPROVE;

When her courtiers questioned her religious beliefs, Mary Stuart admonished them, declaring that she would worship as she pleaseed.

훈계하다
ADORN (v) - ADORNMENT (n)
DECORATE.

Wall paintings and carved statues adorned the temple.

꾸미다
ADROIT (a)
SKILLFUL

Her adroit handling of the delicate situation pleaseed her employers

영리한
ADULATION (n) - ADULATE (v)
FLATTERY; ADMIRATION;

The rock star thrived on the adulation of his groupies and yes-men.

컹구레츌레이션이라고 하면서 알랑거리는 그 놈!
*ADULTERATE (v) - ADULTERATION (n)
MAKE IMPURE BY ADDING INFERIOR OR TAINTED SUBSTANCES.

It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer; when consumers learned that Beechnut had adulterated its apple juice by mixing the juice with waer, they protested vigorously.
품질을 떨어트리다
ADVENT (n)
ARRIVAL;

Most Americans weere unaware of the advent of the Nuclear age until the news of Hiroshima reached them
도래
ADVENTITIOUS (a)
ACCIDENTAL; CASUAL;

She found this adventitious meeting with her friend exteremyl fortunate.
우연의
ADVERSARY (n)
OPPONENT; ENEMY;

Batman truggled to save Gotham city from the machinations of his wicked adversary, the Joker
ADVERSE (a)
UNFAVORABLE; HOSTILE;

The recessio had a highly adverse effect on Father's invesemtne portfolio: he lost so much money that he could no longer afford the butler and the upstairs maid
ADVERSITY (n)
POVERTY; MISFORTUNE;

We must learn to meet adversity gracefully
ADVERT (v)
REFER TO;

Since you advert to this matter so frequently, you must regard it as important.
AEGIS (n)
SHIELD; DEFENSE;

Under the aegis of the Bill of Rights, we enojy our most treasured freedoms.
AERIE (n)
NEST OF A LARGE BIRD OF PREY (EAGLE, HWAK)

The mother eagle swooped down on the rabbit and bore it off to her aerie high in the Rocky Mountains
*AESTHETIC (a) - AESTHETE (n)
ARTISTIC;

Dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful. The beauty of Tiffan'ys stained glass appealed to Alice's aesthetic sense.
AFFABLE (a) - AFFABILITY (n)
EASILY APPROACHABLE; WARMLY FRIENDLY.

Accustomed to cold, aloof supervisors, Nicholads was amazed at how affable his new employer was.
AFFECTED (a) - AFFECTATION (n)
ARTIFICIAL; PRETENDED; ASSUMED IN ORDER TO IMPRESS;

His affected mannerisms -- his "Harvard" accent, his air of boredom, his use of obscure foreign words -- buggged us: he acted as if he thought he was too good for his old high school friends
AFFIDAVIT (n)
WRITTEN STATMENT MADE UNDER OATH;

The couse refused to accept her statement unless she presented it in the form of an affidavit
AFFILIATION (n)
JOINGIN; ASSOCIATING WITH;

His affililation with the political part was of short duration for he soon disagreed with his colleagues
AFFINITY (n)
KINSHIP;

She felt an affinity with all who suffered; their pains were her pains
AFFLICTION (n)
STATE OF DISTRESS; CAUSE OF SUFFERING;

Even in the midst of her affliction, Elizabeth tried to keep up the spirits of those around her
AFFLUENCE (n)
ABUNDANCE; WEALTH;

Foreigners are amazed by the affluence and luxury of the American way of life
AFFRONT (n)
INSULT; OFFENSE; ITENTITONAL ACT OF DISRESPECT;

When Mrs. Proudie was not seated beside the Archdeacon at the head table, she took it as a paersonal affront and refused to speake to her hosts for a week
AGAPE (a)
OPENMOUTHED;

She stared, agape ata the many strange aniamsl in the zoo.
AGGLOMERATION (n)
COLLECTION; HEAP;

It took weeks to assort the agglomeration of miscellaneous iterms she had collected on her trip
AGGRANDIZE (v)
INCREASE OR INTENSIFY; RAISE IN POWER, WEALTH, RANK OR HONOR;

The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize his power to act aggressively in internaional affaiars without considering the wishses of Congress.
AGNOSTIC (n)
ONE WHO IS SKEPTICAL OF THE EXISTNCE OF A GOD OR ANY ULTIMATE REALITY;

Agnostics say we can neither provd nor disprove the existence of God; we simply have no way to know
AGOG (a)
HIGHLY EXCITED; INTENSELY CURIOUS;

We were all agog at the news that the celebrated movie star was giving up his career in order to entert a monastery
AGRARIAN (a)
PRETAINING TO LAND OR ITS CULTIVATION;

As a result of its recent industrialization, the country is gradually losing its agrarian traiditions
*ALACRITY (n)
CHEERFUL PROMPTNESS; EAGERNESS;

Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; They packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity
ALCOVE (n)
NOOK; RECESS;

Though their apartment lacked a full-scale dining room, an alcove adjacent to the living room made an adequate breakfast nook for the young couple.
ALIMENTARY (a)
SUPPLYING NOURISHMENT;

The alimentary canal in our bodies is so named because digestion of foods occurs there. When asked for the name of the digestive tract, Sherlock Homles replied "Alimentary, my dead Watson"
ALIMONY (n)
PAYMENTS MADE TO AN EX-SPOUSE AFTER DIVORCE;

Because Tony had supported Tina through medical school, on their divoce he asked the court to award him $500 / month in alimony
ALLAY (v)
CALM; PACIFY;

The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the fire had been controlled.
ALLEGE (v) - ALLEGATION (n)
STATE WITHOUT PROOF;

Although it is alleged that she has worked for the enemy, she denies the allegation and, legally, we can take no action agaist her without proof.
ALLEGIANCE (n)
LOYALTY;

Not even a term in prison could shake Lech Walesa's allegiance to Solidarity, the Polish trade union he had helped to found.
ALLOY (n)
A MIXTURE OF METALS.

Alloys of gold are used more frequently than the pure metal.
ALLOY (v)
MIX;

Make less pure; Lessen or moderate. Our delight at the Mets' victory was alloyed by our concern for Al Laites, who injured his pitching arm in the game
ALLURE (v)
ENTICE; ATTRACT;

Allured by the song of the siren, the helmsman steered the ship toward the reet.
ALLUVIAL (a)
PERTAINING TO SOLI DEPOSITS LEFT BY RUNNING WATER;

The farmers found the alluvial depostits at the mout of the river very fertile
ALOOF (a)
APART; RESERVED;

Shy by nature, she remained aloof while all the rest conversed.
ALOFT (a)
UPWARD; The sailor climbed aloft into the rigging.
ALTERCATION (n)
NOISY QUARREL; HEATED DISPUTE;

In that hot tempered housefhold, no meal ever came to a peaceful conclusion; The inevitable alteracation sometimes even ended in blows.
*AMALGAMATE (v)
COMBINE; UNITE IN ONE BODY;

The union will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body.
AMAZON (n)
FEMALE WARRIOR;

Ever since the days of Greek mythology we refer to strong and aggressive women as amazons
AMBIDEXTROUS (a)
CAPABLE OF USING EITHER HAND WITH EQUAL EASE;

A switch-hitter in baseball should be naturally ambidextrous
AMBIENCE (n)
ENVIRONMENT; ATMOSPHERE;

She went to the restaurant not for the food, but for the ambience
*AMBIVALENCE (n) - AMBIVALENT (a)
THE STATE OF HAVING CONTRADICTORY OR CONFLICTING EMOTIONAL ATTITUDES.

Torn between loving her parents one minutes and hating them the next, she was confused by the ambivaelnced of her feelings,
AMBLE (n)
MOVING AT AN EASY PACE.

When she first mounted the horse, she was afarid to urge the animal to go gaster than a gentle amble.
AMBROSIA (n)
FOOD OF THE GODS;

Ambrosia was supposed to give immortality to any human who ate it.
AMBULATORY (a)
ABLE TO WALK; NOT BEDRIDDEN;

Calvin was a highly ambulatory patient; not only did he refuse to be confidned to bed, but also he insisted on riding his skateboard up and tdown the halls.
*AMELIORATE (v)
IMPROVE;

Many social workers have attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums
AMENABLE (a)
READILY MANAGED OR WILLING TO BE LED; ANSWERABLE OR ACCOUNTABLE LEGALLY;

Although the ambassador was usually amenable to friendly suggesions, he talked when we hinted he should pay his parking tickets. As a foreign diploamtn, he claimed he was not amenable to minor local lawys