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190 Cards in this Set

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abase
lower, degrade, humiliate
abash
embarrass
abate
*subside or moderate
abdicate
renounce, give up
aberrant
*renounce, give up
abet
assist, usually in doing something wrong, encourage
abeyance
*suspended action
abhor
detest, hate
abject
wretched, lacking pride
abjure
renounce upon oath, disavow
ablution
washing
abnegation
renunciation, self-sacrifice
abominate
loathe, hate
abortive
unsuccessful, fruitless
abrogate
abolish
abscission
removal by cutting off, as in surgery, separation
abscond
*depart secretly and hide
abstemious
*sparing in eating and drinking
abstruse
obscure, profound, difficult to understand
abut
border upon, adjoin
abysmal
bottomless
abyss
enormous chasm; vast, bottomless pit
accede
agree
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill
accord
agreement
accost
approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
equip
accretion
growth; increase
accrue
come about by addition
acerbic
bitter or sour in nature; sharp and cutting
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
slightly sour; sharp; caustic
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
acquiesce
assentl agree passively
acrid
sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
bitter in words or manner
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuate
motivate
acumen
mental keenness
adamant
hard; inflexible
addendum
addition; appendix to a book
addle
muddle; drive crazy; become rotten
adjunct
something (generally nonessential or inferior) added on or attached
adjuration
solemn urging
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonish
*warn, reprove
adroit
skillful
adulterate
*make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
adventitious
accidental; casual
advert
refer (to)
aegis
shield; defense
aerie
nest of a large bird of prey
aesthetic
*artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
affected
artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress
affidavit
written statement made under oath
affinity
kinship
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect
aggregate
*gather; accumulate
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation
alacrity
*cheerful promptness; eagerness
alchemy
medieval form of speculative thought that aimed to transform base metals (lead or copper) into silver or gold and to discover a means of prolonging life
alimentary
supplying nourishment
allay
calm; pacify
allegory
story in which character are used as symbols; fable
alleviate
*relieve
alloy
(2nd meaning) mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
aloft
upward
amalgamate
*combine; unite in one body
ambiguous
*unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
*the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
amble
moving at an easy pace
ambrosia
food of the gods
ambulatory
able to walk; not bedridden
ameliorate
*improve
amenable
readily managed or willing to be led
amicable
politely friendly; not quarrelsome
amity
friendship
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
amok (also amuck)
in a state of rage
anachronism
*something or someone misplaced in time
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain
analogous
*comparable
anarchy
*absence of governing body; state of disorder
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
angular
sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
animadversion
critical remark
animus
hostile feeling or intent
annals
records; history
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling
annex
attach; take possession of
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
annuity
yearly allowance
anodyne
drug that relieves pain; opiate
anomalous
*abnormal; irregular
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
anthropoid
manlike
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
antic
extravagantly odd
anticlimax
letdown in though or emotion
antipathy
*aversion; dislike
antiquated
obsolete; outdated
apathy
*lack of caring; indifference
aperture
opening; hole
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying (usually philosophic or scientific)
apiary
place where bees are kept
aplomb
poise; assurance
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations
apocryphal
spurious; not authentic
apogee
highest point
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
apothegm
pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appease
*pacify or soothe; relieve
appellation
name; title
apposite
appropriate; fitting
apprehend
arrest (as criminal); dread; perceive
apprise
*inform
approbation
*approval
appurtenances
subordinate possessions
apropos
to the point and timely
apropos
(secondary meaning) with reference to; regarding
aquiline
curved, hooked
arabesque
style of decoration involving intertwined plants and abstract curves; ballet position with one leg supporting the weight of the body, while the other leg is extended in back
arable
fit for growing crops
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge
arcade
a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
arcane
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
archipelago
group of closely located islands
ardor
heat; passion; zeal
arduous
*hard; strenuous
argot
slang
aria
operatic solo
arraign
charge in court; indict
array
marshal; draw up in order
array
(secondary meaning) clothe; adorn
arrears
being in debt
arroyo
gully
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
artful
cunning; crafty; sly
artifice
deception; trickery
artisan
manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
artless
*without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence
ascertain
find out for certain
ascetic
*practicing self-denial; austere
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
ashen
ash-coloured; deadly pale
asinine
stupid
askance
with a sideways or indirect look
asperity
sharpness (of temper)
aspersion
slanderous remark
assail
assault
assay
analyze; evaluate
assent
agree; accept
assiduous
*diligent
assuage
*ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
asteroid
small planet
astringent
binding; causing contraction
astute
wise; shrewd; keen
asunder
into parts; apart
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback
atone
make amends for; pay for
attenuate
*make thinner; weaken or lessen (in density, force, degree)
augment
increase; add to
augury
omen; prophecy
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun's corona; halo
auspicious
favouring success
austere
*forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented
autocratic
having absolute, unchekced power; dictatorial
audacious
*daring; bold
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans
autonamous
*self-governing
avarice
greediness for wealth
aver
*assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state formally as a fact
averse
reluctant; disinclined
avert
prevent; turn away
aviary
enclosure for birds
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avuncular
like an uncle
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof