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490 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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abjure
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
abnegate
to deny, renounce
abrogate
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking, temperate
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill
accoutre
equip
accretion
growth; increase
acerbic
having a sour or bitter taste or character
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
sour in taste or manner
acrid
sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimony
bitterness, animosity
acrophobia
fear of heights
None
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
adjuration
solemn urging
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
adumbrate
to foreshadow vaguely, intimate, suggest or outline sketchily
adventitious
accidental
advert
refer (to)
aegis
shield; defense
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness; cheerful promptness
alimentary
supplying nourishment
alloy
to commingle; to debase by mixing with something inferior
amalgamate
to combine several elements into a whole
ambrosia
food of the gods
amity
friendship
angular
sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
animadversion
critical remark
animus
hostile feeling or intent
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling
anodyne
something that soothes or calms pain
apace
done quickly
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying
apiary
a place where bees are kept
apogee
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
apollonian
harmonious, ordered, rational, calm (< Apollo god of sun, light & music; present sense from Nietzsche)
apothegm
a short, instructive saying
appellation
name; title
apposite
appropriate, pertinent, relevant, apropos
apprise
to give notice to, inform
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
appurtenances
subordinate possession
aquiline
curved, hooked
arabesque
complex, ornate design
arcade
a covered passageway; usually lined with shops
arcana
deep secrets (pl); sg form is arcanum
argot
slang
aria
operatic solo
arrant
impudent; in every way, being completely such, barefaced, utter
arrears
being in debt
arroyo
gully
artifice
deception; trickery
artless
withouth guile; open and honest
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleasing effect
askance
scornfully
asperity
severity, rigor; roughness, harshness; acrimony, irritability
aspersion
an act of defamation or maligning
aspirant
seeker after position or status
assay
analyze; evaluate
assiduous
diligent, hard-working
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback
attenuate
to rarefy, weaken or make thinner, lessen
augury
omen, portent, the reading of omens
august
majestic, venerable
aureole
sun's corona; halo
auspice
protection or support, patronage; OR sign, portent
aver
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
avid
greedy; eager for
avocation
secondary or minor iccupation
avuncular
like an uncle
azure
sky blue
badinage
teasing conversation
balk
foil
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; exchange (words) heatedly
barrister
counselor-at-law
bate
let down; restrain
bedizen
to adorn with vulgar finery, especially in a cheap showy manner; festoon, caparison
bedraggle
wet thoroughly
beguile
mislead or delude; cheat; pass time
beleaguer
besiege or attack; harass
belie
contradict; give a false impression
bemuse
to confuse, stupefy; plunge deep into thought
benison
blessing
bent
determined; leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
bilious
bad-natured
blandish
to coax with flattery, toady or fawn
blandishment
flattery intended to cajole or coax
bluff
rought but good natured
boor
rude or insensitive person; lout; yokel
bowderlize
expurgate, purge or cleanse
brackish
somewhat saline
brandish
to shake or wave menacingly
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots
broach
to bring up, announce, begin to talk about
brocade
rich, figured fabric
bromide
a dull, commonplace person or idea
brook
to tolerate, endure, countenance
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules
byzantine
labyrinthine, complex
cadge
to sponge, beg or mooch
callow
immature, lacking sophistication
caluminante
to slander, make a false accusation
calumny
slander, aspersion
canard
a lie, false or unfounded story
cant
insincere expressions of piety; jargon of thieves
capillary
having very fine bore
captious
faultfinding
carapace
turtle's shell
caret
an insertion mark (^) used by editors and proofreaders
carillon
a set of bells capable of being played
carom
to strike and rebound
caus, caut
BURN (caustic, cauterize, cautery, encaustic, holocaust)
cavalcade
procession; parade
cavil
to raise trivial objections
cerebration
thought
chary
wary; cautious
chauvinist
one blindly devoted to a group of which one is a member
churlish
boorish, vulgar, loutish; difficult and intractable
cicerone
a tourist guide who explains sites to tourist (< Cicero whose oratory was long-winded & elegant)
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike soun
clime
region; climate
cloying
indulging to excess; excessively sweet or sentimental
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary piece, something that concludes or completes
coeval
living at the same time as; contemporary
coiffure
hairstyle
collation
a light meal
colloquy
informal discussion (colluquium is formal)
comely
attractive, agreeable
comestible
something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
rebuke; deserts
comity
courtesy; civility
compendious
summarizing completely and briefly
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
compunction
feeling of uneasiness caused by guilt or regret; remorse
concatenate
link as in a chain
concomitant
that which accompanies
condign
appropriate; deserved (almost always, in the sense of deservedly severe)
conifer
pine tree; cone-bearing three
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to forfend
None
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
consanguine
related by blood
consanguinity
kinship
consequential
pompous, self-important; usually means logical following; important
contemn
to scorn or despise; to express contempt
contumacious
disobedient; resisting authroity
contusion
bruise, injury from blunt object
None
conveyance
vehicle; transfer
convivial
festive; gay; characterized by joviality
coquette
flirt
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress
countenance
to approve of or tolerate; brook
cozen
to deceive, beguile, hoodwink
crabbed
sour; peevish
crim
crime, fault, accusation (criminology, decriminalize, incriminate, recrimination)
cygnet
young swan
cynosure
object of general affection
daguerreotype
precursor to photograph
decamp
to leave suddenly
delphic
unclear, ambiguous or confusing (< oracle of Delphi whose epigrams were characterized this way)
demur
to question or oppose
denigrate
blacken
depredate
to plunder, pillage, ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner
descry
to discover or reveal
desiccate
to dry out; dehydrate; to make dry or dull
desuetude
disuse
desultory
random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of a plan or purpose
detraction
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
didactic
intended to teach or instruct
die
a tool used for shaping
diffident
reserved, shy, unassuming; lacking in self-confidence
diffuse
wordy, spread out
digress
to stray from the point; to go off on a tangent
dilatory
causing delay, procrastinating
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
din
loud, sustained noise
discomfit
to defeat, put down; to embarrass or make uncomfortable; to thwart the plans of
discompose
to disturb composure or serenity
disconsolate
unable to be consoled, extremely sad
discursive
wandering from topic to topic
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
distaff
female branch of the family
distrait
distracted; absent-minded, especially due to anxiety
dither
to move or act confusedly or without clear purpose
diurnal
daily
doggerel
trivial, poorly constructed verse
doleful
sad, mournful
dolor
sadness
droll
amusing in a wry, subtle way
dross
slag, waste or foreign matter, impurity, surface scum
dudgeon
angry indignation
dulcet
melodious, harmonious, mellifluous
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
effervescent
bubbly, lively
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
effusive
gushing; excessively demonstrative
egress
exit
elegy
a mournful poem esp. one lamenting the dead
emollient
soothing esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
encomium
glowing and enthusiastic praise; panegyric, tribute, eulogy
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality or region or people
endogamous
marrying within a specific group due to law or custom
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
epicure
one devoted to sensul pleasure, particularly in food and drink; gourmand, sybarite
episodic
loosely connected, not flowing logically, occuring at intervals
epitaph
grave inscription (>'taphos' = Greek noun for tomb)
epithet
disparaging word or phrase
equanimity
composure, self-possession
errant
traveling, itinerant, peripatetic
ersatz
fake
essay
to test or try; attempt, experiment
estimable
worthy, formidable
esurient
hungry, greedy
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
evince
to show clearly; to indicate
exacerbate
to make worse or more severe
exact
to demand, call for; require, take
exculpate
to exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
expatiate
to discuss or write about at length; to range freely
expurgate
to remove obscenity, purify, censor
factitious
made artifically
fallow
untilled, inactive, dormant
febrile
feverish
feckless
ineffective, careless, irresponsible
felicitous
apt, suitably experssed, well-choosen
fell
a barren or stony hill; an animal's hide
fell
cruel, savage, lethal
fetid
stinking, having a heavy bad smell
fey
otherworldly, doomed
filigree
an ornamental work, especially of delicate lacelike patterns; resembing such a pattern
filigree
to adorn with delicate lacelike patterns
flip
sarcastic, impertinent
florid
flushed with color, ruddy, ornate
foible
minor character weakness or flaw
foment
to stir up, incite, rouse
ford
to wade across the shallow part of a river or stream
forfend
to prevent
forswear
to renounce, disallow, repudiate
fracas
noisy fight or quarrel, brawl
froward
intractable, not willing to yield or comply, stubbornly disobedient
fulminate
to loudly attack or denounce
fulsome
excessive, overdone, sickeningly abundant
gainsay
to deny, dispute, contradict, oppose
gambol
to skip about playfully, frolic
garner
to gather and save, store up, acquire
gauche
crude, awkward, tasteless
gaucherie
a tactless or awkward act
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
gibe
to heckle, taunt
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
gossamer
delicate, insubstantial or tenuous; insincere
grandiloquent
pompous, bombastic
None
grav
heavy, weighty, serious (gravity, grave, gravid, gravitas, gravitate)
gravid
pregnant or enlarged with something
grouse
to complain or grumble
guy
a rope or cord attached to something as a brace or guide
gyrate
to move in a circular fashion
hackneyed
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
calm and peaceful
harangue
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade
harrow
to distress, create or torment
hector
to bully, intimidate or harass by bluster or personal pressure
hermetic
airtight, impervious to outside influence
hirsute
hairy, shaggy
hosp, host
host, guest (hostage, hospice, hostel, inhospitable)
imbroglio
difficult or embarrassing situation
immure
to imprison
impecunious
lacking funds; without money
impetuous
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
importune
to ask incessantly, beg, nag
impugn
to attack or assail verbally, censure, execrate, deny
impunity
immunity from punishment or penalty
indigent
very poor
indolent
lazy, listless, torpid
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
ingenuous
artless; trusting, frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
ingress
entrance
inimitable
one of a kind, peerless
insipid
lacking flavor, dull
insouciant
unconcerned, carefree, nonchalant
intractable
unruly, stubborn, unyielding
intransigent
refusing to compromise
inured
accustomed to accepting something undesirable; hardened
invective
abuse (verbal)
inveigh
to attack verbally, denounce or deprecate
inveterate
deep-rooted, ingrained, habitual
invidious
likely to provoke ill-will, offensive
irascible
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
jejune
vapid, uninteresting; childish, immature; lacking nutrition
jibe
to agree, to be in accord
jocose
given to joking; humorous
jocularity
fun characterized by humor
jocund
high-spirited rather than specifically humorous
kinetic
having to do with motion; lively; active
kismet
fate
knell
sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure
labile
readily open to change, unstable
lachrymose
causing tears, tearful, showing sorrow
laconic
using few words; terse; to the point
lassitude
listlessness, languor, weariness
latent
potential, but undeveloped or unseen
legerdemain
trickery, product of a magician's skill
levity
frivolity, humor, gaiety
limn
to draw, outline in detail
limpid
transparent, serene, clear and simple in style, untroubled
list
to tilt or lean to one side
logy
dull, heavy in motion as if ballasted by logs
lugubrious
sorrowful, mournful
malingner
to feign illness so as to avoid work
manumission
release from slavery
martial
associated with war and the armed forces
martinet
strict disciplinarian, one who rigidly follows rules
maunder
to talk or move aimlessly, mutter
mealymouthed
reticent, not outspoken afraid to use plain terms; usually ingratiating, unctuous, hypocritical
mellifluous
sweetly flowing, usually used to describe words or sounds
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
mendicant
a beggar or supplicant
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
meretricious
tawdry, pretentious, attractive but false, showy, having to do with prostitution
mettlesome
courageous, high-spirited
minatory
menacing, threatening
mordacious
caustic, biting
mordant
caustic, biting
multifarious
varied, motley, greatly diversified
munificent
generous
nadir
low point, perigree
natty
trimly neat and tidy, dapper
nestor
a senior figure in one's field (<Nestor in Illiad the wise elder statesman)
nice
exacting, extremely or even excessively precise, done with delicacy or skill
noisome
offensive, especially to one's sense of smell, fetid
nonplussed
baffled, in a quandry, at a loss for what to say, do or think
nostrum
cure-all, placebo, questionable remedy
novitiate
period of being a beginner or novice
obdurate
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
objurgate
to scold
oblique
indirect, evasive; misleading, devious
obloquy
abusive language; ill repute
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obsequy
funeral ceremony
obstreperous
noisy, loudly stubborn, boisterous
obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
occlude
to obstruct or block, shut or close
odium
hatred, contempt
officious
meddlesome, pushy in offering one's services where they are unwanted
opprobrium
disgrace; contempt; scorn; infamy
ostensible
seeming, appearing as such, professed
pac, peas
PEACE, AGREE (pacify, pacifist, pact, appease)
paean
a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
palliate
to make something appear less serious, gloss over, mitigate
panegyric
formal expression of praise
parsimonious
cheap, miserly
peccadillo
a slight offense, literally a minor sin
pellucid
transparent, translucent; lucid
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
penury
poverty; destitution
peregrinate
to wander from place to place
peremptory
admitting of no contradiction, putting an end to further debate; haughty, imperious
perfidy
intentional breach of faith; treachery
perigee
lowest or closet point; the nadir
periphrastic
containing too many words; verbose
petrous
like a rock, hard, stony
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers
picayune
petty, of little value
piddling
trivial
pillory
to punish, hold up to public scorn
piquant
agreeably pungent, spicy, stimulating
pique
resentment, feeling of irritation due to hurt pride
plaintive
mournful, melancholy, sorrowful
plangent
pounding, thundering, resounding
precipitate
acting with excessive haste or impulse
preempt
to replace, supersede, appropriate
presage
to foretell, indicate in advance
prize
to pry, press or force with a lever
probity
adherence to highest principles; uprightness
prodigal
wasteful
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts; productive
prolix
long-winded, verbose
propinquity
nearness in time or place, affinity of nature, kinship
protean
changeable, readily assuming different forms or characteristics
proscribe
otracize, banish, outlaw
prurient
lustful, exhibiting lewd desires
puerile
childish, immature
punctilious
precise, paying attention to trivialities, especially in regard to etiquette
purblind
unable to see in various senses: near-sighted or far-sighted or partial blindness
pusillanimous
cowardly, craven
quiescence
stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
raillery
lighthearted jesting
ramify
to be divided or subdivided, branch out
rancorous
characterized by bitter & long-lasting resentment
rapacious
voracious, greedy, plundering, subsisting on prey
rarefy
to make or become thin or less dense; to refine
rebarbative
irritating, repellant
rebus
riddle, a representation of words or syllables by pictures or symbols that sound like words
recalcitrant
unruly, stubborn, unyielding
recidivism
tendency to repeat previous behavior
recondite
hidden; concealed; perplexing; obscure
recreant
disloyal; cowardly
recrimination
a retaliatory accusation in reply to an accusation to oneself
recumbent
leaning, resting, prone
redolent
fragrant, suggestive or evocative
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refractory
obstinately resistant
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
remonstrate
to protest, object
renitent
resisting pressure, obstinate
repine
to feel or express dejection or discontent, long for
reprehend
to criticize
ruth
mercy, sympathy
salacious
appealing to or causing sexual desire, bawdy
salubrious
promoting health or well-being
salutary
remedial, wholesome, causing improvement
sanctimony
self-righteousness, pretended piety
sanguine
cheerful, confident, optimistic
sap
to enervate or weaken the vitality of
sardonic
cynical, scornfully mocking
saturnine
gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
scion
descendent, child
scurvy
contemptible, despicable
sedulous
diligent; persistent; hardworking
seine
a large net hung out and dragged in to catch fish
senescent
aging, growing old
sententious
having a moralizing tone
sere
withered, arid
sidle
to cause to turn sideways; to move along one side
simper
to smirk, smile foolishly, say something with a silly coy smile
sinecure
position requiring little or no work, usually providing an income
sodden
soaked, drenched, unimaginative, dull
solicitous
concerned and attentive; eager
splenetic
bad-tempered, irritable
stentorian
extremely loud or powerful, often with deep, rich sound (< Stentor the chief orator for the Greeks in the Illiad)
stint
to restrain, be sparing or frugal
stolid
dull, impassive
striated
striped, grooved or banded
strut
a structural support used to brace a framework
stultify
to impair or reduce to uselessness
succor
assistance, relief in time of distress
sundry
various, miscellaneous, separate
supercilious
disdainful, arrogrant, haughty, characterized by haughty scorn
supine
inactive, lying on one's back, apathetic, mentally or morally slack
suppliant
asking humbly, beseeching
surfeit
excess; overindulgence
sybaritic
marked by a luxurious or sensual way of life (< Sybaris a Greek colony in Italy marked by such)
sycophant
someone who tries to flatter or please for personal gain, parasite
table
to remove (as a parliamentary motion) from consideration
taciturn
not talkative, silent
tendentious
biased, showing marked tendencies
tender
to offer formally
threnody
a sad poem or song
toady
syncophant, flatterer, yes-man
tonic
having property of increasing or restoring tone or physical health; strengthening, invigorating, bracing
torpid
lethargic; sluggish; dormant
torrid
scorching, ardent, passionate, hurried
tortuous
winding; twisting; excessively complicated
tractable
docile, obedient, easily led
travesty
mockery, caricature, parody
truculent
aggressive, fierce, cruel; eager to fight
tumescence
swelling
tumid
swollen
turbid
muddy, having sediment stirred up, clouded to the point of opacity, in a state of turmoil
turgid
swollen, bloated, pompous, excessively ornate
turpitude
depravity, baseness
tyro
novice, beginner in learning
umbrage
offense, resentment
unalloyed
pure
unctuous
greasy, oily; smug and falsely earnest
unguent
ointment used to heal or to soothe
unstinting
generous
urbane
sophisticated; refined; elegant
vaunt
to brag or boast
venal
capable of being bribed or bought, mercenary
versimilitude
appearing true or real
verve
(intellectual) energy, vitality
virulent
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
vitiate
to reduce the value of, debase, spoil, make ineffective
vitriolic
burning, caustic; sharp, bitter
vituperate
to use harsh condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
waft
a light breeze, puff
waft
to send floating through the air or over water
waspish
rude, behaving badly
welter
state of turmoil or chaotic jumble
welter
to writhe, toss about, be in turmoil
wend
to go, proceed, walk