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400 Cards in this Set

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abeyance
suspended
action
abate
to
reduce in amount, degree or severity
abdicate
to
renounce or relinquish a throne
aberrant
abnormal
or deviant
abject
utterly
hopeless, humiliating or wretched
abjure
to
renounce on oath
ablution
act
of cleansing
abrogate
to
abolish by formal means
abscond*
depart
secretly and hide
abstemious*
sparing
in eating and drinking; temperate
abstruse
hard
to understand; secret, hidden
accretion
an
increase by natural growth
acerbic
sour
or astringent in taste, harsh in temper
acquiesce
to
comply, give in
acrid
sharp
or biting to the taste or smell
acrimonious
caustic,
stinging or bitter in nature
adjoin*
to
be close or in contact with
adjure
to
beg or command
admonish
to
counsel against something; caution; warn; reprove
adventitious
accidental
aggrandize
to
increase in power, influence and reputation
aggregate
gather;
accumulate
alacrity
cheerful
promptness; eagerness
amalgamate
combine;
unite in one body
amatory
of
or pertaining to lovers or lovemaking
ambivalence
the
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ameliorate
to
make better; to improve
amity
friendship;
peaceful harmony
anachronism*
something
or someone misplaced in time; an obsolete or archaic form
analogous
comparable
androgen
any
substance that promotes masculine characteristics
animus
hostile
feeling or attitude
anomalous
abnormal;
irregular
antipathy*
aversion;
dislike
apartheid
any
system or caste that separates people according to race
apogee
the
highest or most distant point
apostasy*
renunciation
of one’s previous loyalty; a total desertion of one’s religion, principles,
cause, etc.
apotheosis
glorification,
glorified ideal
appease
pacify
or soothe; relieve
apprise
inform
approbation*
approval;
praise, consideration
appropriate
acquire;
take possession of for one’s own use
arduous
hard;
strenuous
arrogate
to
claim unwarrantably or presumptuously
artless
without
guile; open and honest
ascetic
practicing
self-denial; austere
assiduous*
diligent,
persistent, hardworking
assuage
to
make less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
attenuate
make
thinner
audacious
daring;
bold
austere*
forbiddingly
stern in appearance; severely simple and unornamented
autonomous*
self-governing;
independent
aver*
assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state formally as a fact
avocation
something
one does in addition to a principle occupation
banal
boring;
commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clichéd; hackneyed
belie
contradict;
give a false impression
belligerent
warlike,
given to waging war
bemoan
to
express pity for
beneficent
kindly;
doing good
benevolent
desiring
to do good to others
benign
having
a kindly disposition
bolster
support;
reinforce
bombastic*
pompous
in speech and manner ; using inflated language
burgeon
grow
forth; send out buds
burnish
make
shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support;
prop up
capitulate
to
surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms
capricious*
unpredictable;
fickle; changing one’s mind quickly and often
castigate*
to
punish or criticize harshly
catalyst
agent
that increases the rate of a chemical action; person or thing that causes
action
caustic
burning;
sarcastically biting
chicanery*
trickery;
deception by means of craft or guile
circuitous
roundabout,
indirect
circumambulate
to
walk about or around
circumspect
watchful
and discreet
coagulate
thicken;
congeal; clot
coda
concluding
section of a musical or literary composition; something that summarizes
or concludes
cogent*
convincing
and well reasoned
commensurate
corresponding
in extent, degree, etc.; proportionate
compendium
brief,
comprehensive summary
complaisant
trying
to please; overly polite; obliging
compunction
a
feeling of uneasiness for doing wrong
concentric
having
a common center
conciliate
to
placate, win over
conciliatory
reconciling;
soothing
conflagration
a
large destructive fire
confluence
merging
into one
congenital
existing
or as such from birth
connoisseur
person
competent to act as a judge of art; a lover of art
contention
claim;
thesis
contentious
quarrelsome
contravene
to
come into conflict with
contrite
feeling
regret and sorrow for one’s sins or offenses; penitent
convalescent
recovering
from illness
convoke
to
call together
convoluted
intricate
and complicated
corroborate
to
provide supporting evidence
craven
cowardly
credulous*
too
trusting; gullible
cursory
going
rapidly over something; hasty; superficial
decadent
decaying;
deteriorating
decorum
propriety;
orderliness and good taste in manners
default
failure
to act
deference*
respect;
courteous regard for another’s wishes
deferential
respectful;
to yield judgment to
deign
to
think fit or in accordance with one’s dignity
delineate
portray;
depict; sketch
delude
to
mislead the mind of judgment of, deceive
denigrate
blacken
deride
ridicule;
make fun of
derision
contemptuous
or jeering laughter; ridicule.
desiccate
to
dry out thoroughly
desultory*
aimless;
haphazard; digressing at random
diatribe
bitter
scolding; invective
dichotomy*
split;
branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
diffident*
lacking
or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid.
dilatory*correct
a false impression; to set right; to
free from error
correct
a false impression; to set right; to
free from error
dilettante
someone
with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
dirge
lament
with music
disabuse*
correct
a false impression; to set right; to
free from error
discerning
mentally
quick and observant; having insight
discordant
not
harmonious; conflicting
discrete
separate;
unconnected; consisting of distinct parts
disingenuous
lacking
genuine candor; insincere
disinterested
unprejudiced
disjointed
lacking
coherence; separated at the joints
disparage
belittle
disparate
fundamentally
distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar
disport
to
divert or amuse oneself
disquiet
a
lack of calm or peace
dissemble
*
disguise;
pretend; to disguise one’s real intentions or character
disseminate*
distribute;
spread widely; scatter (like seeds)
dissolution
disintegration;
looseness in morals
distend
to
expand by stretching; swell out
diverge
vary;
go in different directions from the same point
divest
strip;
deprive
doctrine
a
principle or body of principles presented for acceptance or belief;
dogma
document
provide
written evidence
dogma
a
firmly held opinion, often a religious belief
dogmatic*
opinionated;
arbitrary; doctrinal
doleful
sorrowful,
mournful
dour
sullen,
gloomy
dystrophy
faulty
or inadequate nutrition or development
ebullient
showing
excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
eclectic*
selective;
composed of elements from a variety of sources
effigy
a
dummy; a likeness or image, especially of a person.
effluence
flowing
out of
effrontery
impudence;
shameless boldness; sheer nerve; presumptuousness
elegy*
a
sorrowful poem or speech
elicit
draw
out by discussion
elocution
art
of clear and expressive speaking
endemic
prevailing
among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
enervate*
weaken;
to reduce in strength
engender*
to
produce, cause or bring about
ephemeral*
short-lived;
fleeting
epigram
a
witty or pointed saying tersely expressed
epithet
a
word or phrase characteristically used to characterize a person or thing
equanimity
calmness
of temperament; composure
equivocate
*
lie;
mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
erudite
*
learned,
scholarly, bookish
esoteric*
hard
to understand; known only to the chosen few
estimable
admirable
euphemism
an
inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered
offensive
euphony
pleasantness
of sound
exculpate
*
to
clear from blame; prove innocent
execrable
abominable
exigency
urgent
situation; pressing needs or demands; state of requiring immediate attention
exigent
urgent;
requiring immediate action
expound
to
set forth in detail
extrapolation
projection;
conjecture
exult
to
show or feel triumphant joy
facetious
joking
(often inappropriately); humorous
fallacious
false;
misleading
fatuous
brainless;
inane; foolish, yet smug
fawning*
trying
to please by behaving obsequiously, flattering, or cringing
felicitous
apt;
suitably expressed; well chosen
fervor
glowing
ardor; intensity of feeling
fiduciary
of
a trust; held or given in trust
flag
droop;
grow feeble; to decline in vigor or strength
fledgling
inexperienced
flout
reject;
mock; show contempt for
foment
*
to
arouse or incite
forestall
*
prevent
by taking action in advance
fractious
irritable,
peevish
frugality
thrifty;
economy
fusillade
continuous
discharge of firearms or outburst of criticism
gainsay
deny
garrulous
loquacious;
talkative; wordy
gouge
overcharge
grandiloquent*
pompous
or inflated in language; bombastic; using high-sounding language
gregarious
sociable
guile
deceit
or trickery
harangue
long,
passionate, and vehement speech
heterodox
different
from acknowledged standard; holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines
hyperbole
exaggeration;
overstatement
iconoclast*
one
who opposes established beliefs, customs and institutions
immutable
unchangeable
impassive
*
without
feeling; imperturbable; showing or feeling no emotion
imperturbable
calm;
placid
impervious
*
impenetrable;
incapable of being damaged or distressed
impetuous
*
quick
to act without thinking
implacable
incapable
of being pacified
importune
to
urge or press with excessive persistence
impugn
to
attack as false or questionable; challenge in argument
inamorata
a
female lover
inchoate
*
not
fully formed; disorganized; rudimentary; elementary
inculpate
to
charge with fault
incursion
a
hostile entrance into a place
indeterminate
uncertain;
not clearly fixed; indefinite
indigence
poverty
indigent
experiencing
want or need; impoverished.
indoctrinate
to
imbue someone with learning
induce
to
move or lead by influence
ineffable
too
great for description
infusion
liquid
extract so obtained
ingenuous
* naive
and trusting; young; unsophisticated
inherent
firmly
established by nature or habit
inimical
hostile,
unfriendly
innocuous
harmless
insensate
without
feeling or sensitivity
insensible
unconscious;
unresponsive
insidious
intended
to trap or beguile
insinuate
hint;
imply; creep in
insipid
* lacking
in interest or flavor; dull
insularity
narrow-mindedness;
isolation
interloper
someone
who intrudes in the domain of others
intractable
unruly;
stubborn; unyielding
intransigence
refusal
of any compromise; stubbornness
intransigent
*
refusing
to agree or compromise
inundate
overwhelm;
flood; submerge
inured
accustomed;
hardened
invective
*
of,
relating to, or characterized by insult or abuse
irascible
*
irritable;
easily angered
irresolute
uncertain
how to act; weak
laconic
brief
and to the point; using few words
lassitude
languor;
weariness
levity
lack
litigate
to
make the subject of a lawsuit
loquacious
talkative
lucid
easily
understood; clear; intelligible
magnanimity
generosity
magnanimous
generous

in forgiving an insult or injury
magnate
a
powerful or influential person
maladroit
clumsy,
tactless
malfeasance
misconduct
or wrongdoing often committed by a public official
malign
to
speak harmful untruths about, to slander
malinger
to
evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
malingerer
one
who feigns illness to escape duty
maverick
rebel;
nonconformist
maxim
an
expression of general truth or principle
mendacious
lying;
habitually dishonest
minatory
menacing,
threatening
misanthrope
*
one
who hates mankind
miscegenation
interbreeding
of races
mitigate
*
to
soften, to lessen
mollify
*
to
calm or make less severe; soothe
morose
ill-humored;
sullen; melancholy
mundane
worldly
as opposed to spiritual; everyday
nascent
starting
to develop
neophyte
*
recent
convert; beginner
obdurate
stubborn,
hardened in feelings; resistant to persuasion
obfuscate
to
render indistinct or dim
oblique
having
a slanting or sloping direction
obsequious
*
overly
submissive and eager to please; servile; sycophantic
obsolescent
becoming
obsolete
obstreperous
noisily
defiant, unruly
obtuse
not
sharp, pointed or acute
obviate
to
prevent; make unnecessary; get rid of
occlude
to
stop; close; to prevent the passage of
officious
meddlesome;
excessively pushy in offering one’s services
onerous
*
troublesome
and oppressive; burdensome
opprobrium
* public
disgrace; infamy; vilification
oscillate
vibrate;
waver
ostentatious
showy;
pretentious; trying to attract attention
panegyric
formal
or elaborate praise at an assembly
panoply
a
wide-ranging and impressive array or display
paragon
*
model
of excellence or perfection
partisan
one-sided;
prejudiced; committed to a party
pathogenic
causing
disease
pathological
pertaining
to disease
paucity
*
smallness
of quantity; scarcity; scantiness
pedantic
showing
off learning; bookish
penchant
strong
inclination; liking
penury
severe
poverty; stinginess
percipient
having
perception; discerning; discriminating
perennial
something
long-lasting
perfidious
*
treacherous;
disloyal; willing to betray one’s trust
perfunctory
*
superficial;
not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; done in a routine
way;
peripatetic
walking
or traveling about; itinerant
permutation
a
complete change; transformation
perquisite
a
gratuity, tip
perspicacious
having
keen mental perception and understanding; shrewd; astute
pertinacious
resolute;
persistent, stubborn
petulant
showing
sudden irritation, esp. over some annoyance
philanderer
one
who carries on flirtations
philology
the
study of literary texts to establish their authenticity and determine
their meaning
phlegmatic
calm;
not easily disturbed
placate
pacify;
conciliate
plasticity
ability
to be molded
platitude
trite
remark; commonplace statement
porous
full
of pores; like a sieve
preamble
introductory
statement
precarious
uncertain;
risky
precept
a
commandment given as a rule of action or conduct
precipitate
n.
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
precipitate
adj.
rash, premature, hasty, sudden
preclude
to
prevent the presence of
precocious
unusually
advanced or mature in mental development or talent
precursor
forerunner
predilection
preference,
liking
prescient
having
knowledge of things before they happen
presentiment
a
feeling of anticipation over a future event
prevaricate
*
to
lie or deviate from the truth
pristine
characteristic
of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled
probity
*
honesty;
uprightness; incorruptibility
prodigal
*
lavish;
wasteful; reckless with money
proliferate
*
grow
rapidly; spread; multiply
promulgate
to
make known by open declaration
propensity
natural
inclination
propitiate
*
to
conciliate; to appease
propound
to
set forth for consideration
proscribe
*
to
condemn as harmful or odious; ostracize; banish; outlaw
proselytize
to
convert (a person) from one belief, doctrine, cause, or faith to another
protract
to
prolong, draw out, extend
provident
having
or showing foresight
prudence
wisdom,
caution or restraint
puerile
childish,
immature
pugnacious
to
quarrel or fight readily
punctilious
strict
or exact in the observance of formalities
pusillanimous
lacking
courage or resolution
qualified
limited;
restricted
querulous
full
of complaints
quibble
minor
objection or complaint
quiescence
n.
the condition of being at rest, still, inactive
rarefied
made
less dense (of a gas)
recalcitrant
obstinately
stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly
recant
disclaim
or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error
recondite
abstruse;
profound; secret
recumbent
lying
down; reclining; leaning
refractory
*
stubborn;
unmanageable; rebellious
rejoinder
to
reply, retort
relegate
banish
to an inferior position; delegate; assign
remonstrate
to
say or plead in protest, objection, or reproof
reprisals
retaliation
against an enemy
reproach
express
disapproval or disappointment
reprobate
*
person
hardened in sin; wicked person; devoid of a sense of decency
repudiate
*
disown;
disavow; to reject the validity of
rescind
cancel
resolution
n.
determination
reticent
*
silent;
reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to silence
reverent
respectful;
worshipful
revile
to
criticize with harsh language
sage
person
celebrated for wisdom
salient
prominent
or conspicuous
salubrious
conducive
or favorable to health or well-being
sanction
approve;
ratify
satiate
satisfy
fully
sedition
incitement
of discontent or rebellion against a government
solicitous
worried;
concerned
soporific
*
sleep-causing;
lethargy; marked by sleepiness
specious
*
having
the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious)
stint
to
restrict or limit, as in amount or number; be sparing with
stolid
*
dull;
impassive; unemotional; lacking sensitivity
striated
marked
with parallel bands; grooved
subjugate
to
conquer
substantiate
establish
by evidence; verify; support
subterfuge
an
artifice or expedient used to evade a rule
supercilious
arrogant,
haughty, condescending
supersede
cause
to be set aside; replace; make obsolete
supplicate
to
make humble and earnest entreaty
supposition
hypothesis;
surmise
tacit
understood;
not put into words
taciturn
silent,
not talkative
tenable
capable
of being held, maintained or defended
tenacious
holding
fast; holding or tending to hold persistently to something
tendentious
marked
by a strong implicit point of view; partisan
tenuous
thin;
rare; slim
tirade
extended
scolding; denunciation; harangue
torpor
*
lethargy;
sluggishness; dormancy
tortuous
winding;
full of curves
tractable
*
docile;
easily managed or controlled
transcendent
going
beyond ordinary limits
truculence
aggressiveness;
ferocity
unconscionable
not
restrained by conscience; unscrupulous
vacillate
waver;
fluctuate
venerate
revere
veracious
truthful
veracity
filled
with trust and accuracy
verbose
wordy
verisimilitude
the
appearance or semblance of truth
verity
truthfulness
viscous
sticky,
gluey
vituperative
adj.
abusive; scolding
vociferous
crying
out noisily
volatile
changeable;
explosive; evaporation rapidly
volition
free
choice, free will; act of choosing
voracious
having
a great appetite
warranted
justified;
authorized
welter
turmoil;
bewildering jumble
zealot
fanatic;
person who shows excessive zeal