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3683 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
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bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
paraphernalia
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
wake
trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
waggish
humorous; mischievous; tricky
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
punctilious
minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail
imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
citadel
fortress
libidinous
lustful
mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
voyeur
Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
vitiate
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
rank
offensive in odor or flavor
quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
squander
waste; spend foolishly
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
deserts
what someone deserves
nugatory
worthless; futile
rendition
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
approbation
approval
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
regale
entertain
warren
tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live
entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
temperate
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
consonance
harmony; agreement
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
sentinel
sentry; lookout
tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
cogent
convincing
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
unassuaged
unsatisfied; not soothed
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
apparition
ghost; phantom
scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
progenitor
ancestor
odoriferous
giving off an odor
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
inkling
hint; slight indication
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
calamity
disaster; misery
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
tangible
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
supplant
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
pan
criticize harshly
quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
scanty
meager; insufficient
unseemly
unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste
rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
influx
flowing into
overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
untoward
unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
denigrate
blacken; defame
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
bode
foreshadow; portend
reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
traverse
go through or across
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
transpose
reverse the order or position of
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
wistful
sadly thoughtful (because of desires or memories); sadly pensive; vaguely longing
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
apprise
inform
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
inter
bury; N. interment
coroner
an officer, as of a county or municipality, whose chief function is to investigate by inquest, as before a jury, any death not clearly resulting from natural causes.
None
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
nexus
connection
mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
proxy
authorized agent; authority to act for another
leave-taking
farewell or departure
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
capacious
spacious
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
titter
nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
pretext
excuse
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
valor
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
truism
self-evident truth
absolve
pardon (an offense)
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
alms
money or goods given to the poor
shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
vintner
wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine
detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
odorous
having an odor
physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
gaffe
social blunder
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
unintimating
unfrightening
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
pinnace
small boat
maudlin
effusively sentimental
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
vendetta
blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams
undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
lofty
very high
mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
enumerate
list; mention one by one
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
stratagem
deceptive scheme; clever trick
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
dauntless
bold; fearless
lien
legal claim or right on a property
expound
explain
mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
abate
subside or moderate
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
whorl
ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement; Ex. whorls on the fingers
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
entomology
study of insects
molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
vaporize
turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)
lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
vainglorious
boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity
filing
particle removed by a file
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
perturb
disturb greatly
variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
benison
blessing
don
put on; OP. doff
chaffing
bantering; joking
magistrate
official with power to administer the law
supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
scrappy
quarrelsome
vagrant
wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy
falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
unprepossessing
unattractive
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
monograph
scholarly article
preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
indigence
poverty
interstice
narrow space between things
abode
dwelling place; home
avuncular
of or like an uncle
welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
flotsam
drifting wreckage
putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
seminal
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
abeyance
suspended action
sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
loft
room or space under the roof; attic
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
warp
twist out of shape; N.
phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
advent
arrival
tenacious
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
pendulous
hanging; suspended
pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
alimentary
supplying nourishment
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
certitude
certainty
nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
vertex
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
imprecation
curse; swearword
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
sow
plant or scatter seed
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
filch
steal (things of small value)
sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
temporize
gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself
valedictory
pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)
tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
plumage
feathers of a bird;
endue
provide with some quality; endow
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
gnarled
twisted
beeline
direct quick route
lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
unwitting
not knowing; unaware; unintentional; Ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; Ex. unwitting insult; CF. wit: know
patois
local or provincial dialect
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
guileless
without deceit
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
dappled
spotted
lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
comestible
something fit to be eaten
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
isotope
varying from of an element
gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
acetic
vinegary
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
commodious
spacious and comfortable
prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
grotto
small cavern
macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
yore
time long past; Ex. in the days of yore
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
rake
immoral or dissolute person
invective
abuse
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
captious
faultfinding; too critical
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
credo
creed
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
advert
refer
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
apposite
appropriate; fitting
hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
mortician
undertaker; CF. death
legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
disparage
belittle
sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
sprightly
lively
procurement
obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä•áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
malady
illness
lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
wage
begin and continue (a war)
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
depredation
plundering; destruction
headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
welter
confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data
deleterious
harmful
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
altercation
noisy quarrel
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
dys-
abnormal; impaired
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸ Àå½Ä
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
vindictive
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
venison
meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb
tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
unfaltering
steadfast; firm; not changing
canto
division of a long poem
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
superfluous
excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity
unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
temerity
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
transpire
(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
vogue
popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.
purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
granary
storehouse for grain
moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
onus
burden; responsibility
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
wag
shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
wreak
inflict; Ex. wreak one's vengeance on
swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
premeditate
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
rabble
mob; noisy crowd
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
minatory
menacing; threatening
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
larder
pantry; place where food is kept
cleft
N: split
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
extrapolation