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212 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
plummet
v.
to plunge or drop straight down
polemical
adj.
controversial; argumentative
abscond
v.
to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
acumen
n.
quick, keen or accurate knowledge or insight
adulation
n.
excessive praise; intense adoration
adulterate
v.
to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
aggrandize
v.
to increase in intesnsity, power or prestige
alacrity
n.
eager and enthusiastic willingness
amalgamate
v.
to combine several elements into a whole
ameliorate
v.
to make better or more tolerable
approbation
n.
an expression of approval or praise
ascetic
n.
one who practices rigid self-denial, especially as an act of
religious devotion
assuage
v.
to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
austere
adj.
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
aver
v.
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
axiom
n.
a universally recognized principle
axiomatic
adj.
taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
bolster
v.
to provide support or reinforcement
bombast
n.
self important or pompous in writing or speech
bombastic
adj.
pompous; grandiloquent
bucolic
adj.
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
burgeon
v.
to grow rapidly or flourish
canon
n.
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious
in nature
canonical
adj.
following or in agreement with accepted, traditiona standards
castigation
n.
severe criticism or punishment
caustic
adj.
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
censure
v.
to criticize severely; to officially rebuke
chary
adj.
wary; cautious; sparing
chicanery
n.
trickery or subterfuge
cogent
adj.
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
n.
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
contrite
adj.
regretful; pentinent; seeking forgiveness
credulous
adj.
tending to believe too readily; gullible
culpable
adj.
deserving blame
cynicism
n.
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by
selfishness
decorum
n.
polite or appropriate conduct or behavior
demur
v.
to question or oppose
derision
n.
scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
diatribe
n.
a harsh denunciation
didactic
adj.
intended to teach or instruct
dilettante
n.
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a
branch of knowledge
disabuse
v.
to undeceive; to set right
discordant
adj.
conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
disparage
v.
to slight or belittle
disparate
adj.
fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
dissemble
v.
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
dogmatic
adj.
stubbornly opinionated
ebullience
adj.
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and
feelings
eccentric
adj.
departing from norms or conventions
eclectic
adj.
composed of elements drawn from various sources
effrontery
n.
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
elegy
n.
a mournful poem, especially one lamenting the dead
emollient
adj.
soothing, especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
empirical
adj.
based on observation or experiment
endemic
adj.
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region
or people
enervate
v.
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
enigmatic
adj.
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
ephemeral
adj.
brief; fleeting
equivocate
v.
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
erudite
adj.
very learned; scholarly
esoteric
adj.
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
evanescent
adj.
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
exculpate
v.
exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
adj.
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
exonerate
v.
to remove blame
extemporaneous
adj.
improvised; done without preparation
facetious
adj.
playful; humorous
fallacy
n.
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
filibuster
n.
intentional obstruction, especialy using prolonged speechmaking to
delay legislative action
flout
v.
to demonstrate contempt for, as in a rule or convention
fulminate
v.
to loudly attack or denounce
garrulous
adj.
pointlessly talkative; talking too much
germane
adj.
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject manner
glib
adj.
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth;
superficial
grandiloquence
n.
pompous speech or expression
hackneyed
adj.
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
adj.
calm and peaceful
harangue
v.
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade
hegemony
n.
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
heretical
adj.
vioating accepted dogma or convention
hubris
n.
arrogant presumption or pride
iconoclast
n.
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or
institutions
idolatrous
adj.
given to intense or excessivedeviotion to something
immutable
adj.
not capable of change
impassive
adj.
revealing no emotion
impecunious
adj.
lacking funds; without money
imperturbable
adj.
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
impetuous
adj.
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
impunity
n.
immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
adj.
in an initial stage; not fully formed
incipient
adj.
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
inert
adj.
unmoving; lethargic; sluggish
ingenuous
adj.
artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inimical
adj.
damaging; harmful; injurious
innocuous
adj.
harmless; causing no damage
insipid
adj.
without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
intractable
adj.
not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
intransigent
adj.
refusing to compromise
intrepid
adj.
steadfast and courageous
inured
adj.
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
inveigle
v.
to obtrain by deception or flattery
irascible
adj.
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laconic
adj.
using few words; terse
lucid
adj.
clear; easily understood
magnanimity
n.
the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, especially
in forgiving
maverick
n. an independent individual who does not go along with a group or
party
mendacity
n.
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
mercurial
adj.
characterized by rapid and unpredictabe change in mood
misanthrope
n.
one who hates all other humans
mitigate
v.
to make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
mollify
v.
to calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity
nascent
adj.
coming into being; in early developmental stages
nebulous
adj.
vagues; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
neologism
n.
a new word, expression or usage; the creation or use of new words
or senses
neophyte
n.
a recent convert; a beginner; novice
noxious
adj.
harmful; injurious
obdurate
adj.
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obfuscate
v.
to deliberately obscure; to make confusing
obsequious
adj.
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obtuse
adj.
lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or
expression
obviate
v.
to anticipate and make unnecessary
occlude
v.
to obstruct or block
onerous
adj.
troubling; burdensome
opaque
adj.
impenetrable by light; not reflecting light
opprobrium
n.
disgrace; contempt; scorn
paean
n.
a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
pedagogy
n.
the art or profession of training, teaching or instructing
pedantic
adj;
the parading of learning; excessive attention to minutiae and
formal rules
penury
n.
poverty; destitution
percursor
n.
one that precedes and indicates or announces another
perennial
adj.
recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
perfidy
n.
intentional breach of faith; treachery
perfunctory
adj.
cursory; done without care or interest
pernicious
adj.
extremely harmful; potentially causing death
pernurious
adj.
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
perspicacious
adj.
acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
peruse
v.
to examine with great care
pervade
v.
to permeate throughout
pervasive
adj.
having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout
phlegmatic
adj.
calm; sluggish; unemotional
pith
n.
the essential or central part
pithy
adj.
precise and brief
platitude
n.
a superficial remark, especially one offered as meaningful
pragmatic
adj.
practical rather than idealistic
prattle
v.
to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
precipitate
v.
to cause or happen before anticipated or required
preen
v.
to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care
prescience
n.
foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring
presumptuous
adj.
overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy); taking
liberties
prevaricate
v.
to deliberatey avoid the truth; to mislead
probity
adj.
adherence to highest principles; uprightness
proclivity
n.
a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
adj.
recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
prodigious
adj.
abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
profligate
adj.
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
proliferate
v.
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
prolific
adj.
producing large volumes or amounts; productive
propensity
n.
a natural inclination or tendency; penchant
prosaic
adj.
dull; unimaginative
putrefy
v.
to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor
quaff
v.
to drink deeply
qualms
n.
misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy
querulous
adj.
prone to complaining or grumbling; quarrelsome
quixotic
adj.
foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideas
quotididan
adj.
occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
rancorous
adj.
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rarefy
v.
to make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recalcitrant
adj.
obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
recant
v.
to retract, especially a previously held belief
recondite
adj.
hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
redoubtable
adj.
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refulgent
adj.
radiant; shiny; brilliant
relegate
v.
to forcibly assign, especially to a lower place or position
renege
v.
to fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
repudiate
v.
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rhetoric
n.
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and
persuasion
salubrious
adj.
promoting health or well-being
sanction
n.
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce
compliance
satire
n.
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through
humor or derision
sedulous
adj.
diligent; persistent; hard-working
shard
n.
a piece of broken pottery or glass
solicitous
concerned and attentive; eager
solvent
adj.
able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another
substance
soporific
adj.
causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
specious
adj.
seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly
attractive
spendthrift
n.
one who spends money wastefully
spurious
adj.
lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
stoic
adj.
indifferent to or unaffected by pleaure or pain; steadfast
stupefy
v.
to stun, baffle or amaze
stymie
v.
to block; thwart
supplant
v.
to take the place of; supercede
surfeit
v.
excess; overindulgence
synthesis
n.
the combination of parts to make a whole
tacit
adj.
implied; not explicitly stated
tenacity
n.
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued
tenuous
adj.
having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
torpid
adj.
lethargic; sluggish; dormant
torque
n.
a force that causes rotation
tortuous
adj.
winding; twisting; excessively complicated
tout
v.
to publicly praise or promote
transient
adj.
fleeting; passing quickly; brief
trenchant
adj.
sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
truculent
adj.
fierce and cruel; eager to fight
unfeigned
adj.
genuine; not false or hypocritical
untenable
adj.
indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable
urbane
adj.
sophisticated;; refined; elegant
variegated
adj.
multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different
color
vilify
v.
to defame; to characterize harshly
virulent
adj.
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
viscous
adj.
thick; sticky
vituperate
v.
to use harsh condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or
abusively; berate
voracious
adj.
having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous