Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
informal discussion; conversation
n impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
s ingenue
ing\\'enue; young innocent girl
s infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
s bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
injure; hurt; damage
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
n pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
inquiry; question; V.
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
n interpolate
insert between
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
n paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
insignificant; unimportant
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
s institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
n edify
instruct; correct morally
n slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
s smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
n ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
n symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
n meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
n asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
introduction (to a poem or play)
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
introductory statement
introductory; of a preface
n withdrawn
introverted; retiring; remote
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
s contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
n sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
n impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
n opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
n blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n testy
irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness
n nettle
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
n rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
n rile
irritate; vex; muddy
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
n sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
n quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate
issue forth; come out
n agenda
items of business at a meeting
n rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
n splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
n yoke
join together; unite; N: crossbar used to joining two draft animals
join; unite; OP. uncouple
joining; associating with
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
journey; V. peregrinate
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
n succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
s warrant
justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee
justified; authorized
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
n shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
s vigil
keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
s strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
s smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
s slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers