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20 Cards in this Set

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almost all nouns that end in "o" are masculine.
el chico
el muchacho
el abuelo
Almost all nouns that end in "a" are masculine.
la chica
la muchacha
la abuela
To make a noun ending in "o" or "a" plural add "s"; el->los and la->las
los chicos, las chicas
los muchachas, las muchachas
los abuelos, las abuelas
Nouns ending in dad, tad, tud, umbre, ción, and sión are all feminine.
la cuidad
la dificultad
la actitud
la nación
la inversión
la muchedumbre
All nouns ending in a consonant form the plural by adding "es"
las ciudades
las dificultades
las actitudes
las naciones
las inversiones
Most nouns ending in "sis" are feminine.
la thesis
la dosis
la sinopsis
Feminine nouns that begin with "a" begin with "el" when the first syllable is stressed.
el arma, las armas
el agua, las aguas
el hacha, las hachas
Nouns that end in "a" and that have Greek roots are masculine.
el mapa, las mapas
el clima, las climas
el drama, las dramas
Nouns ending in "ista" refer to professions/political persuasions and masculine with men and feminine with women.
el dentista, la dentista
el novelista, la novelista
el comunista, la comunista
Nouns that end in "e" and don't refer to humans are generally masculine.
el parque
el aire
el pie
el bosque
To form plural nouns that end in "e" just add "s"
los parques
los aires
los pies
los bosques
Many nouns that refer to equipment or machinery end in either "or" or "ora"
el computador
la computadora
Many compound nouns are formed by using a verb root, adjective, or a preposition with a noun to form one word.
el abrelatas
el todcadiscos
el guardorropa
To form a diminuitive and augmentatives add "ito" or "illo"
casa(house),casita(little house)
vaso(glass),vasito(little glass)
chica(girl),chiquita(cute girl)
To form a diminuitive and augmentatives in nouns ending in consonants "r" or "n" or "e" affix "cito"
el ratón, ratoncito
el café, cafecito
The definite article must be used in Spanish with all general or abstract nouns.
La leche es buenna para la salud.

Milk is good for the health.
The definite article must be used with titles when talking about someone. However, the article is ommitted in direct discourse.
El doctor Juan es dentista.
Buenos días, señor Juan.
The definite article is used with languages unless the name of the language immediately follow the verb "hablar" or the prepositions "de" and "en"
Hablo español.
El español es un idioma romance.
When the definite article is used with days of the week, it means "on"
Lunes es el primer día de la semana.
Monday is the first day of the week.
The prepositions "a" always precedes a direct object in Spanish when the direct object is a person. But not used after "tener".
Veo a Juan.
Miramos al niño.
Tengo dos hermanos.