Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
always begins with a preposition adn ends with a single object (a noun or a pronoun) or a compound object. It may also include adjectives.
prepositional phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun in a sentence
adjective phrase
a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adjective or another adverb
adverb phrase
a noun or a pronoun that identifies or explains hte noun or pronoun that preceeds it
an appositive plus all it's infinitives
appositive phrase
if an appositive phrase is not crucial to the meaning of the sentence(set off my commas)
nonessential appositive phrase
not set off by commas and crucial to phrases meaning
a verb form that functions as a different part of speech
a verb form that acts as an adjective, modifying a noun or a pronoun. These can come before of after the word it mofifies,
end in -ing and come before the noun it modifies
present participle
end in -d or -ed and come after the noun they modify
past participle
made up of a participle and all of it's modifiers and compliments. The whole phrase acts as a adjective.
participle phrase
consists of a noun and either a participle of a partciple phrase. It stands absolutely by itself- part of neither the suject nor the verb. They are nonessential and are set off my commas.
absolute phrase
a verb form ending in -ing and functions as a noun. They can function in every way a noun can be used.
made up of a gerund and all it's modifiers and compliments. The entire ohrase functions as a noun
gerund phrase