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53 Cards in this Set

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Split Infinitive
An infinitive verb form with an element, usually an adverb, interposed between "to" and the verb (ex: "to boldly go"). Acceptable in CMoS.
A word or phrase that immediately follows a noun or noun phrase and describes it. Set off in commas if it is nonrestrictive, but not if it is restrictive.
Restrictive Clause
A phrase essential to the overall meaning of the sentence and, therefore not set off by commas. Commonly prefaced by "that," which may be omitted if context is obvious.
Nonrestrictive Clause
A phrase, set off by commas, that is inessential to the overall meaning of the sentence. Commonly prefaced by "which."
A word or phrase that determines what a pronoun refers to.
Adversative Conjunction
A conjunction that denotes a contrast or comparison (ex: however, meanwhile, but, still, and nevertheless).
Copulative Conjunction
A conjunction joining two clauses that denotes an addition (ex: and, also, moreover).
Disjunctive Conjunction
A conjunction that denotes an alternative in which no more than one of the statements joined may be true (ex: either, neither, otherwise, else), May also be correlative conjunction.
Coordinating Conjunction
A conjunction that denotes two words or phrases of equal rank (ex: two verbs, two noun phrases), May also be a correlative conjuntion.
Correlative Conjunction
A conjunction used in a pair to join two clauses (beginning with same part of speech!) that need one another to make sense (ex: as-as, if-then, either-or, both-and, not only-but also).
The insertion of a word (an "infix" or "infixative") within another word. Expletive infixation, then, is the insertion of an expletive within another word.
A figure of speech in which words that belong together are separated for emphasis or effect (ex: "This is the sort of speech up with which I will not put." (Churchill) or "Object there was none. Passion there was none." (Poe, Telltale Heart)
Reference List Entry In Author-Date Style (Journal Article)
Last Name, First Name. Year. "Title of Article." <i>Journal Name</i> Volume:Pages

Last Name 1, First Name 1, and First & Last Name 2.
Reference List Entry In Author-Date Style (Book)
Last Name, First Name. Year. <i>Title of Book.</i> City: Publisher.
Reference List Entry In Author-Date Style (Manuscript)
Last Name, First Name. Year. "Title of Manuscript." University.
Reference List Entry In Author-Date Style (Online Journal Article)
Last Name, First Name. Year. "Title of Article." <i>Journal</i> Volume: Web Address.
Parenthetical Text Citation In Author-Date Style
(Last Name Year) or (Last Name Year, p. xx or chap. x)

Use lowercase alphabet to differentiate multiple publications from the same author in the same year in both parenthetical text citations and reference list.

If author's name is mentioned, citation will just be year in parentheses.

With more than one author, use first author's name followed by et al.
an abbreviation for the Latin word "confer," meaning to compare or consult. Used by authors in the text of their article or book to refer to other academic material which may provide auxilliary information
et al.
"And others" or "and elsewhere."
"Exempli gratia." Use this when you are about to clarify a statement using an example.
"Id est." Use this when you are about to clarify a statement by restating or expanding upon an idea.
Abbreviations in CMoS
Chapter 15
Numbers in CMoS
Chapter 9
Hyphens in CMoS
Chapter 7.9
Citations in CMoS
chapter 16.10
Word Division in CMoS
Chapter 7.33
Proofreader's Marks in CMoS
p. 100
Begin with an indentation and the corresponding number in superscript.
Word-by-Word Alphabetizing
Alphabetize up to the first space and only use subsequent words when additional headings begin with same word. Order of precedence is then one word, word followed by parenthesis, word followed by comma, word followed by space, and word followed by number or letters. entries beginning with initials precede all other entries. Used in library catalogs.
Letter-by-Letter Alphabetizing
Alphabetize up to the first parenthesis or comma, ignoring spaces. Order of precedence is then one word, word followed by parenthesis, word followed by comma, number, or letters. Used in dictionaries and most university presses.
Alphabetizing in CMoS
Chapter 18.55
Present Perfect Tense
Formed with either has or have and the verb's past participle. Denotes an action that is either completed or continues up to the present. It can refer to a time in the indefinite past (ex: I have seen that film before.) or an action that continues to the present. (I have waited all my life for this day.)
Future Perfect Tense
Formed with shall/will/won't have and the verb's past participle. Denotes an action that has not yet happened but is expected to before another stated occurrence.
Past Perfect Tense (Pluperfect)
Formed with past tense of auxiliary verb "have" and the verb's past participle. Denotes an action in the past that occurred before another past action.
A verb ending in "ing" that is used as a noun. (ex: "Borrowing money is a mistake.")
the use of grammatically equal or corresponding words or word groups in a sentence or paragraph. (ex: "She likes running, cooking and swimming," rather than "She likes running, cooking and to swim.")
Noncount Noun
A noun with no plural form.
Dangling Modifier
A misplaced modifier. (ex: "Being in a dilapidated condition, I was able to buy the house very cheap.")
Misrelated Modifier
A word or phrase that modifies another placed in the sentence so that the connection is unclear. (ex: "Jones came to San Francisco after his wife left him to work in the shipyards.")
<< >>. Used in place of quotation marks in French with a thin space between each pair and the quote matter. "Dit-elle" or "écrit-il" may be placed inside guillemets without additional guillemets. Only punctuation belonging to the quoted matter goes inside them.
A word or group of words ordinarily consisting of a subject and a predicate, May be independent (able to stand alone as a simple sentence) or dependent (subordinate to a main clause)
Adverbial Clause
A clause that modifies a verb. (ex: "I saw Joe when I went to the store.")
Infinitive Phrase
A phrase that begins with an infinitive and may be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
The mishearing of a phrase as a homophone or near-homophone in such a way that it acquires a new meaning.
Substituting a similar-sounding word with different meaning, usually with comic effect. (ex: "I've got these two albacores around my neck. It's like the Rhyme of the Ancient Marinade...," i.e. Albatrosses, Rime, and Mariner)
A play on words in which corresponding consonants, vowels, or morphemes are switched.
Latin, Short for "ibidem" or "the same place." A term used to provide an endnote or footnote citation or reference for a source that was cited in the preceding endnote or footnote.
The right-hand page of a folded sheet.
The left-hand page of a folded sheet.
A list found on the editorial page of a newspaper or magazine of the members of the editorial board. Some mastheads also include information such as the publication's founding date, slogan, logo and contact information.
Galleys (Galley Proofs)
Preliminary versions of publications, often electronic or uncut and unbound, created as part of the proofreading and copyediting process. May also be used for promotional or review purposes.
Running Heads (Page Headers or Pageheads)
Material, separate from the main body of text, that appears at the top of a printed page. Usually created in a word processing program and containing similar information from page to page (ex: page numbers, journal title).
Non Sequitur
Latin for "it does not follow." An argument whose conclusion, true or false, does not follow from its premises. All logical fallacies are specific types of non sequiturs.