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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Noun Cases
Nominative = Subject
Genitive = Shows possession
Dative = indirect object
Accusative = Direct object
Ablative = how, when, where, why (adverbial phrase)
1st declension endings (M/F)
Nom. -a -ae
Gen. -ae -arum
Dat. -ae -is
Acc. -am -as
Abl. -a -is
2nd declension endings (M/F)
Nom. -us(-r) -i
Gen. -i -orum
Dat. -o -is
Acc. -um -os
Abl. -o -is
2nd declension endings (N)
Nom. -um -a
Gen. -i -orum
Dat. -o -is
Acc. -um -a
Abl. -o -in abl pl =is
Principle verb parts
infinitive to sing amare
present singing amo
past tense sang amavi
past partic sung amatus
Infinitive Conjugations
1st -are
2nd -ere* (princ part ends -eo)
3rd -ere (princ part ends -eo)
3rd-io -ere (princ part ends -io)
4th -ire (princ part ends -io)
*-in the 2nd conjugation, the suffix is long, in the 3rd conjugations, the suffix is short
Present tense personal verb endings
Singular Plural
I -o(-m) we -mus
you -s you -tis
(s)he, it -t they -nt
The Latin verbs that end in -t
show action that is done by he
But if that -t should follow 'n'
it's they who do the action then
Imperfect tense verb forms
1st conjugation Other conjugations
Singular Plural Singular Plural
-abam -abamus -ebam -ebamus
-abas -abatis -ebas -ebatis
-abat -abant -ebat -ebant
1st and 2nd Conjugation future tense verbs
Singular Plural
-bo -bimus
-bis -bitis
-bit -bunt
bo, bi, bu for one and two
a and e for 4 and 3
3rd, 3rd-io and 4th Conjugation future tense verbs
Singular Plural
-am -us
-es -is
-et -ent
bo, bi, bu for one and two
a and e for 4 and 3
3rd declension case endings (M/F)
Singular Plural
Nom. * -es
Gen. -is -um
Dat. -i -ibus
Acc. -em -es
Abl. -e -ibus
3rd declension cases (N)
Singular Plural
Nom. * -a
Gen. -is -um
Dat. -i -ibus
Acc. * -a
Abl. -s -ibus
3rd declension adjective endings (M/F)
Nom. * -es
Gen. -is -ium
Dat. -i -ibus
Acc. -em -es
Abl. -i -ibus
3rd declension adjectives (N)
Nom. -e -ia
Gen. -is -ium
Dat. -i -ibus
Acc. -e -ia
Abl. -i -ibus
Perfect tense personal endings
I -i we -imus
you -isti you -istis
(s)he, it -it they -erunt
Pluperfect tense personal endings
I -eram we -eramus
you -eras you -eratis
(s)he, it -erat they -erant
Future perfect tense personal endings
I -ero we -erimus
you -eris you -eritis
(s)he, it -erit they -erint
Subjunctive tenses
Imperfect contains 're'
Perfect contains 'eri
Pluperfect contains 'ss'
4th declension nouns (M/F)
Nom. -us -us
Gen. -us -uum
Dat. -ui -ibus
Acc. -um -us
Abl. -u -ibus
4th declension noun endings (N)
Nom. -u -ua
Gen. -us -uum
Dat. -u -ibus
Acc. -u -ua
Abl. -u -ibus
5th declension noun endings (M/F)
Nom. -es -es
Gen. -ei -erum
Dat. -ei -ebus
Acc. -em -es
Abl. -e -ebus
1st person pronouns
Nom. ego nos
Gen. mei nostrum
Dat. mihi nobis
Acc. me nos
Abl. me nobis
2nd person pronouns
Nom. tu vos
Gen. tui vestrum
Dat. tibi vobis
Acc. te vos
Abl. te vobis
Comparative degree adjectives (N)
Nom. -ius -iora
Gen. -ioris -iorum
Dat. -iori -ioribus
Acc. -ius -iora
Abl. -iore -ioribus
*-issimus, -rimus, -limus are superlatives
Comparative degree adjectives (M/F)
Nom. -ior -iores
Gen. -ioris -iorum
Dat. -iori -ioribus
Acc. -iorem -iores
Abl. -iore -ioribus