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69 Cards in this Set

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Streptococcus Pyogenes
Gram-positive cocci
Chain-sphere
Toxins/Enzymes
Antibiotics(Penicillin G)
No vaccines, hygiene, early diagnoistic.
Streptokinase
spreading
DNase
degrades DNA
Hylauronidase
degrades hyaluronic acid
Erythrogenic toxin
cause fever and rash in scarlet fever
Hemolysins
can't breathe
Erysipelas
skin infection
Puerpearl Fever
endometritis
Sepsis
blood poisoning
Sore throat
nasopharyngitis
Scarlet fever
fever rash strawberry tongue
Impetigo
skin infection
Necrotizing facitis
Flesh eating
Rehumatoid Arthritis
joint destruction/inflammation
Diseases caused by type A
Erysipleas, Puerperal Fever, Sepsis Sore throat, Scarelt fever, Impetifo, Necrotizing fascitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Staphylocci
Staphylococus aureous
Toxins/enzymes
grape sphere
Antibiotics
direct contact, nasal droplets. No vaccine, proper hygiene.
Catalase
breaks down H2O2 to H2O and O2. Foaming of antiseptic on cut
Coagulase
clost blood and coats the bug:creating lesions
Hyaluronidase
degrades hyaluronic acid
Staphlyokindase
slowly dissolves clots
Proteases, lipases, DNase
degrade host cell which kills it and lets the bacteria run free
TSS
skin rash and desquamation of skin and epithelial cells
Staphlycoccus auerus
pus-filling/food poisoning
enterotoxins
food poisoning of improperly stored foods
Nosocomial
get from hospitals
Staphlyococci arthritis
joint infections
S. epidermids
infection of syntheitics
S. mutans
cavities
S. pneumonia
capsular polysaccride
Polyvalent vaccine
Staph
usually untreatable because of immunity to the antibiotic
Neisseria Meningitidis
Respitory transmission
capsule/antphagocytic
Antibiotics(Penicillin G)
Types A<C<Y<W135 can be vaccintated the common one B can't b/c are immune system will create an autoimmune response
Disease from N. Meningitidis
Sore throat/lesions/cut off circulation to limbs/shock/rash
Meningococcemia
blood becomes an infected organ
Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome
circulatory system collapses causing instant death- very rare
Spinal meningitis
pressure on the brain due to bacteria planting to the brain causing inflammation and on the spinal-fluid: stiff neck/headache/death. 2-5 most supseptable
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
Sexually Transmitted
Pili, IgA, lipopolysaccharide
Antibiotics(penicillin G)
Abstinence, condoms, o vaccine
antigenic variation
changing chemical and physical structure
Male gonorrehea
can become sterile
women gonorrehea
can have multiple diseases one including scarring of the fallopian tube where sterility can happen or ectopic pg
PID=disseminated gonococcal infection
can cause strep or staph
Baby gonorrehea
blindness
Bacillus anthracis
love oxygen
Animal Anthrax
attacks sheep and cattle=useless pastures
attenuated vaccine
Human Anthrax
Working with animals, Worst if inhaled, but can be a cut.
Early enough vaccines.
Vaccines routinly only with epidemic
Clostridia
can get from improperly canned foods.
Clostridium Botulinum
botulism toxin: canned foods
Antitoxin if early enough
proper canning
flaccid paralysis
death from resipotory failure
Clostridium Tetani
tetanus:lock jaw
Antitoxin, toxoid administered
Vaccinations and boosters
Tetanus
hate Oxygen get from puncture wounds
muscles can tear, bones breaking, Death from respritory failure
Clostridium Perfringens
Food poisoning/gas gangrene
Amputation, Oxygen filled rooms
Avoid frost-bite and severe wounds
Food Poisoning
improperly stored foods
no death
properly store foods
Gas Gangrene
frost-bitedead tissue and can kill patient
Corynebacterium Diptheriae
Respitory transmission
Throat major site of infection
Antitoxin, toxoids, and antibiotics for the throat. Vaccine DPT (10)
Gravis, Intermedius, Mitis
Severe, intermediate, small
Proprionabacterium acnes
acne
Listeria Monocytogenes
infecting the gut food borne infections
Mycrobacterium
acid-fastnesss, aerobic, slowed consumed, white plague,
Mycrobacterium tuberculosis
TB, skin test, quarantined, antibiotic (destroys hearing)drug resistance, vaccines popular in doctors and nurses
Scrofula
hunch back
Primary TB
Organism will get to the lungs through inhilation most infections end here
Secondary TB
lesions, malnutrition, age, AIDS,
Miliary TB
death quickly follows
Active TB
failing to kill the TB
M TB
hard to kill with antibiotics, intracellular location
T-Cells
sensitized, attract, induce, prevent, enhance, tissue damage, inflamation, walled off if not destroyed
delayed hypersensativity TB
BAD!
Mycrobacterium Leprae
leprosy, on armidillo's mice and monkeys. Not highly contagious nasal secretion in a cut. Quarentiened. long term drug therapy, family members have drug therapy
Tuberculoid leprosy
much milder: loss of skin pigment, causing white patches
Leprmatous leprosy
bad: face becomes deformed (lion like) loss of feeling in fingers and toes