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69 Cards in this Set

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Hogan
A 1 room house made with mud and logs made by the Navajo
Sand painting
A picture made of crushed rocks, plants and dried materials that tells a story @ nature and Navajo Spirits
Livestock
Farm animals; cows or sheep. raised to be used or sold
Adaptation
A change in the way of life to fit the surroundings. ie; growing crops near streams if you live in the desert.
Adaptation
Changing your surroundings to adapt to your environment. cold climates=dressing in warm clothing or warm climates=air conditioning & water. Also it can be to change the way they live to fit their surroundings like the navajo who moved to live near streams to grow their crops
Chant
A song sung as a prayer
Natural resource
Anything found in nature that helps people live
Tipi
Cheyenne used them. Come shaped tents that can be put up and taken down easily
Myth
A story which explains something in nature (creation legend)
Horse
1st introduced to Cheyenne by their Spanish and Indian neioghbors to the South
Cedar
type of evergreen tree used by kwakiutl as a natural resource for homes, canoes, clothing, blankets, etc.
Totem Pole
A wooden pole decorated with figgures whowing a family's history
Ceremony
An important event
Salmon-who ate them as a main food
A type of food eaten as the main food of the kwakiutl
Long House-who used them
A long wooden house built by the Kwakiiutl
Hogan
A 1 room house made with mud, tree bark, and wooden poles made by the Navajo. the door way opened to the east to welcome the sun.
Sand painting
A picture made of crushed rocks, plants and dried materials that tells a story @ nature and Navajo Spirits
Livestock
Farm animals; cows or sheep. raised to be used or sold
Adaptation
A change in the way of life to fit the surroundings. ie; growing crops near streams if you live in the desert.
Adaptation
Changing your surroundings to adapt to your environment. ie; dressing in warm clothing in cold climates or use of air conditioning in warm climates
Chant
A song sung as a prayer
Natural resource
Anything found in nature that helps people live
Tipi
Cheyenne used them. Come shaped tents that can be put up and taken down easily
Myth
A story which explains something in nature (creation legend)
Horse
1st introduced to Cheyenne by their Spanish and Indian neioghbors to the South
Cedar
type of evergreen tree used by kwakiutl as a natural resource for homes, canoes, clothing, blankets, etc.
Totem Pole
A wooden pole decorated with figgures whowing a family's history
Ceremony
An important event
Salmon-who ate them as a main food
A type of food eaten as the main food of the kwakiutl
Long House-who used them
A long wooden house built by the Kwakiiutl
Land Bridge
the 1st Native Americans crossed the frozen Bering Strait at least 15,000 yrs ago
Archaeologists
People who study clues from the past such as artifacts, poctorgraphs, and petroglyphs
The meaning and description of sand paintings to the Navajo
They believed that spirits told them to paint pictures. Told stories @ nature. Made them on ground & used for healing and for ceremonies
What is the symbolism of the Rainbow to the Navajo. What crops did it help?
Was a sign that life-giving rain brought water to crops ie; beans, squash, corn, tobacco
What are chants to the Navajo & who used them
cants are prayers that medicine mand would use to heal the sick
Who gave the gift of weaving to the Navajo and describe
Came from a spirit-the Spider Woman taught them how to weave. Spider rock is in AZ. Cotten and wool-wool is better-stronger and easier to dye
Describe Navajo Hogans
Mud, clay, sticks
Describe Kwakiutl long Houses
6 % 4, from cedar wood, with removable boards, 1-rm house
Describe Cheyenne Tipi's
Cone shaped tents with easy assembly and tear down. Very portable
Which spirit gave the Navajo's hogans
Changing Woman Spirit. She also taught them how to grow corn
Why was corn inmprtant to the Navajo
Corn was believed to bring them good luck and a long and helathy life
How did the Navajo grow corn in the hot, dry deserts of the Southwest
Through adaptation-they learned to farm near streams
Who makes up the largest group of Native Americans
Navajo
Totem Poles
Made from cedar, decorated with figgures showing a family's history and important life events. A sign of wealth
Kwakiutl's resources
region,
food,
skills,
clothing
cedar, slamon, foprest, ocean, rivers
Pacific Northwest/woodlands/forrest/coast-cold & wet
salmon, shellfish, berries, roots, deer, nuts, sm. game,
woodwork, totem poles, masks
Describe the Navajo housing,
Natural resources,
Clothing,
Nat'l Enviro
Food,
Skills
Hogan
Livestock, water, corn, clay, sheep
moccasins, woolen tunics, leggings, blankets
hot/dry climate-4 corners, So West Desert, Red rock Cyn
corn, sheep, squash, insects, pinenuts
weaving, pottery, silver, sand painting, wool
Describe Cheyenne housing,
nat'l resources,
Nat'l Enviroment,
food,
skills,
clothing
Tipi
buffalo, grasses, porcupine, trees, soil, water
great Plains, Midwest Prairie: Summers-hot/dryf. Winters-freezing
Buffalo, pemmican, small game, roots, fish
quill work, use of all parts of the buffalo
leggings, tunics, buffalo robes, tall moccasins
What is the meaning of the medicine dance to the Cheyenne
celebrated great powers in the cycle of nature
Why was the buffalo called the Great Provider to the Cheyenne
Using the entire buffalo provided for food, clothing, shelter, sleds, waalls of tipis, bone needles for sewing and tools
Who introduced horses to the Cheyenne
and how did horces change their lives
Introduced by Spanish and Indian neighbors to the South.
They traveled faster, could carry heavier loads, hunt easier.
How did the Cheyenne view what was around them
They vieweed everything as a part of the cycle of nature.Celebrating the medicine dance they were trying to make sure the the cycle ofnature would continue
Describe the medicine dance tent
Looked like a mouintain room. A tree in the middle, a nest on top of the tree (like a thunderbird nest). Tent was made of poles tied together with buffalo robes covering the sides and part of the roof.
Descripe the Kwakiutl Speechmaker
talking stick-whales tale is a sign of strrength, neck ring-made from red cedar bark, wears a shield called a copper, wears a blanket on his shoulders made from cedar bark and hair of mountain goat
How was wood important to the Kwakiutl and how did they use wood in their ceremonies
The men were woodcarvers.They carved canoes out of cedar trees. Masks, totem poles talking sticks, rattles, and puppets to celebrate impportant events. the way people act during these events is called a ceremony. Kwakuitl ceremonies were full of dancing, storytelling and feasting
What did the Navajo use sheep for
Sheep was used for its wool to make clothes, blankets, rugs
What crops did the Navajo plant
Corn, beans, squash, melons.
How were the navajjo different from the Cheyenne in the way they adapted tpo the land
Navajo: raised their own animals/livestock to be used for food or trading. They weaved animal hair to make clothes and they moved to live near streams so that they could grow their own crops.
They cheyenne left their homes to hunt for buffalo. they used all of the Buffalo for food, clothing, tools, shelter.
Bear totem
Beaver Totem
Frog Totem
Raven Totem
Salmon totem
Bear-strength
Beaver-wealth and medicine power
Frog-good fortune
Raven-guardian spirit
Salmon-fertility,wealth, immortality
Snake Totem
Thunderbird Totem
Whale Totem
Wolf Totem
Snake-power of magic
thunderbird-chief of guardian spirits, causes thunder and lightning
Whale-bad spirit who brings destruction
Wolf-helpful spirit; brings skill in weaving and woodcraft
Steps to carv a Totem Pole
Straight tree, cut down, remove branches, strip bark, draw the design, use charcoal to draw, begin carving figgures into the design, paint the pole. Final step is the totem pole raising ceremony unveiling hte pole.
Navajo women made
Pottery and basketry
Kwakiutl made clothing from
cedar bark shreds were used for dresses for women and skirts for men. deerskin and goats wool for warmer clothing.
Mountain goats for clothing and blankets
What did the Kwaliutl use masks for
spiritual ceremonies w/spiritual masks and story tellers. Masks carvewd from wood and were painted.
What did the Kwakiutl make canoes from
Whale bones and seal skin and bones, also cedar logs
Inventions
Toboggan
Lacrosse
Canoe
Moccasins
long flat sled used for coasting downhill
game using long handled sticks w/nets to catch,throw & carry ball
narrow, light boat w/ point on ea end & needs paddles
slipper-like shoes made of animal skin
What idd the native Am boy say to another
Canoe you come out and play?
Grassland
grass covered plain
Buffalo
largest mammals that live on the grasslands
Cheyenne
native Americcans who hunted buffalo on teh grasslands