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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
thinking skills and the ability to adapt to and learn from life's everyday experiences
an individual's level of mental development relative to others.
mental age (MA)
an individual's mental age divided by 100; devised in 1912 by William Stern.
intelligence quotient (IQ)
Spearman's theory that individuals have both general intelligence, which he called g, and a number of specific intelligences, referred to as s.
two-factor theory
a statistical procedure that correlates test scores to identify underlying clusters, or factors.
factor analysis
L. L. Thurstone's theory that intelligence consists of seven primary mental abilities: verbal comprehension, number ability, word fluency, spatial visualization, associative memory, reasoning, and perceptual speed.
multiple-factor theory
Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of compotential intelligence, experiential intelligence, and contextual intelligence.
triarchic theory of intelligence
the ability to perceive and express emotions accurately and adaptively, to understand emotion and emotional knowledge, to use feelings to facilitate thought, and to manage emotions in oneself and others.
emotional intelligence
the fraction of the variance in a population that is attributed to genetics.
an overall developmental score that combines subscores on motor, language, adaptive, and personal-social domains in the Gesell assessment of infants.
developmental quotient (DQ)
Developed by Nancy Bayley, these scales are widely used in assessing infant development.
Bayley Scales of Infant Development
accumulated information and verbal skills, which increase with age, according to Horn.
crystallized intelligence
the ability to reason abstractly, which steadily declines from middle adulthood on , according to Horn.
fluid intelligence
a condition of limited mental ability in which the individual (1) has a low IQ, usually below 70 on a traditional intelligence test; (2) has difficulty adapting to everyday life; and (3) has an onset of these characteristics by age 18.
mental retardation
having high intelligence (an IQ of 130 or higher) or superior talent for something.
the ability to think in novel and unusual ways and come up with unique solutions to problems.
thinking that produces many answers to the same question; characteristic of creativity
divergent thinking
thinking that produces one correct answer; characteristic of the kind of thinking required on conventional intelligence tests.
convergent thinking