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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gram positives
cocci or rods
GP cocci
staph (cat pos), strep (cat neg)
GP rods
clostridium, listeria, bacillus
staph coag pos
staph coag neg
s. epidermidis, s. saprophyticus
strep partial hemolysis (alpha)
s pneumo (optochin sens)
s viridans (optochin resistant)
strep clear hemolysis (beta)
s pyogenes (bactracin sens)
group b strep (bactracin resistant)
strep no hemolysis
cocci, coccoid rods, rods
GN cocci
N mening (maltose fermenter)
N gonorrhea (maltose nonfermenter)
GN coccoid rods
H influ, pasteurella, brucella, bordatella
GN rods- lactose fermenter
fast- kleb, e coli
slow- citrobacter, serratia
GN rods- nonlactose fermenter
oxidase neg- shighella, salmonella, proteus
oxidase pos- pseudomonas
diseases cause by staph aureus
skin and wound infections, organ abscesses, resp infection/pneumo, bacteremia/sepsis, UTI, endocarditis, meningitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, toxic shock, SSSS, GE
skin infections caused by strep pyogenes and staph aureus
folliculitis, cellulitis, impetigo
problems caused by strep pyogenes
pharyngitis, endocarditits, skin infectiosn, necrotizing fasciitis, bacteremia, scarlet fever, TSS, acute GN, rheumatic fever
common infections in neonates
listeria, e coli, group b strep
what does group b strep cause in the neonate
pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis
tx with ampicillin, gentamycin
dental strep
endocarditis after heart valve replacement
staph epidermitidis
what is catalase
degrades H2O2 of PMNs
what is coagulase
breaks down blood clots
s pyogenes capsule
made of hyaluronic acid, not immunogenic
antibody to M protein enhances host defenses
S pneumo most common cause of
meningitis, otitis media (in children), pneumonia, sinusitis

encapsulated, IgA protease - can make a vaccine
associated with rusty sputum, sepsis in sickle cell anemia, splenectomy
colon cancer is associated with
s bovis
nl skin staph