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23 Cards in this Set

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The Principle that each ;egislative district within a state should have the same number of eligible voters so that representives is equitably based on population
One person, one vote
The document that desribes the basic policies, procedures, and institutions of the government of a specific state
state consitution
Advocated measures to desroy political machines and instead have direct participation of candidates and the establishment of public policy
Progressive movement
Chief elected executive in state government
Governor
The authority of a chief executive to void an entire bill that has been passed by legislature
Package or general veto
The authority of a chief executive to delete part of a bill that has been passed by legislature
Line-item veto
The authority of a governor to cancel someone's conviction of a crime by a court and to eliminate all sanctions and punishments resulting from the conviction
pardon
The authority of a governor to cancel all or part of the sentence someones convicted of a crime, while keeping the conviction on record
Commute
The authority of a governor to release a prisonor before their full sentence is up
parole
To send someone against their will to another state to face criminal charges
extradite
Restrictions that exist in some states about how long an individual may serve
term limits
The principle that state courts will apply federal laws when those laws directly conflict with the laws of the state
inclusion
A method of selected judges in which a governor must appoint someone
Missouri(merit) plan
A process in which voters can place a proposal on a ballot and enact it into law without involving the legislature or the governor
direct initiative
A process in which voters can place a proposal on a ballot and allows voters to enact it into law, without involving the governor or further action by the legislature
indirect initiative
A process in which voters can veto a bill recently passed in the issue on a ballot and expressing disapproval.
Direct referendum
A process in which voters cast nonbinding ballots on an issue
advisory referendum
a process in which voters can petition for a vote to remove officeholders between elections
recall
A court ruling that local governments dont have any inherent sovereignty but instead must be authorized by state government
Dillon's rule
A document that specifies the basic policies procedures and institutions of a municipality
charter
district created within the state
county
a government with general responsibities that is created in response to the emergence of relatively densely populated areas
municipality
A local government that is responsible for a particular function
special district