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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Policy Making Institutions
Social Policies
Social Welfare Policies
Business/ Economis Regulation
Foreign/ Military
Policy Agenda
Public Agenda
Official Agenda "Short List"
Linkage Institutions
Public Opinion
Interest Groups
Political Parties
the process by which policies are made
Who gets what, when and how
Three major purposes of govt.
maintain order
19th-20th century
providing public goods
Most contemporary and controversial
Promoting equality
Positive State
Govt. provides from cradle to grave ( Norway,New Zeland)
Minimalist State
govt. should only provide to those who cannot provide for themselves
Public Good
a service or something nonmaterial(education) that benifits all people
"a govt. of the people,for the people and by the people"
people control the government
Direct Democracy
"town meetings" 5%
Indirect Democracy
Representative 95%
Political Ideology
A coherent fixed set of beleifs as to the proper size and role of goverment one's daily life (ideologue)
Social Welfare +
Social Policies -
Business/Economic Reg +
Foreign/Defense -
Social Welfare -
Social Policies +
Business/Economic Reg -
Foreign/Defense +
Social Welfare - -
Social Policies - -
Business/Economic Reg - -
Foreign/Defense - -
Democratic Socialism
Social Welfare + +
Social Policies - -
Business/Economic Reg + +
Foreign/Defense - -
New Right
Republicans with religious anchored political beliefs
Fundamental laws by which a country or nation is governed
Mainstream Ideologies
Extreme Ideologies
Democratic Socialism
Four major objectives of Constitution
Establishes the structure of govt.
Grants power to govt.
Places limit on the power of govt.
Serves as symbol of the nation
Articles of confederation failed..
b/c there was no way for the govt. to raise an army
Shay's Rebellion
Farmer's revolt
Seperation of powers
seperating the states powers into different branches
Virginia Plan
Extension of unicameralism
Promotes big states
votes based on pop
New Jersey Plan
Promoted bicameralism
for small stated
votes are equal for each state
The Great(Conneticut) Compromise
created a bicameral govt. and a legislative body.
Three/Fifths compromise
every five slaves count as three
Article I
Set up the Legislative Branch
House of Reps
Article II
Sets up the Executive Branch
Article III
Sets up Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
Enumerated Powers of Congress
expressed powers
Implied Powers
not expressed (elastic clause)
Full Faith and Credit Clause
the laws made in one state have to be recognized in others
privileges and immunities clause
prevents states from treating citizens from other states in discriminatory manner
return escape convicts to their state of conviction
Article V
Double Jeopardy
Self Incrimination
Eminent domain
Grand Jury
Due Process
Article VI
Fair and speedy trail
present a witness
confront a witness
change of venue
Article VII
jury trial for civil cases
Federalist Papers
they were pamplet written to convince New York to join the union
Authors of Federalist papers
John Jay
James Madison
Alexander Hamilton
Change Constitution:
Amendment Process
Proposal- 2/3rds vote of house and senate
Ratification- 3/4 of states or 38/50
Change Constitution:
Custom and Usage
Practice and Experience
Congressional Committee
Change Constitution:
Judicial Interpretation
Judicial Review