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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Limited Government
Basic principle of American government which states that governments is restricted in what it may do,and each individual has rights that government cannot take away;
Representative Government
System of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections
Magna Carta
Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility
Petition of Right
Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles 1 of England in 1628; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land
English Bill of Rights
Document written by Parliament and agreed on by William and Mary of England 1689, designed to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs, forms the basic for much in American government and politics today
Charter
A city's basic law, its constitutions; a written grant of authority from the king
Bicameral
An adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers
Proprietary
Organized by a proprietor (a person to whom the kind had made a grant of land)
Unicameral
An adjective describing a legislative body with one chamber
Confederation
A joining of several groups of a common purpose
Albany Plan of Union
Plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
Delegate
Representative; lawmaker who views him or herself as the agent of those who elected him or her and votes accordingly; regardless of his or her personal opinions
Boycott
Refusal to buy or sell certain products or services
Repeal
Recall
Popular Sovereignty
Basic principle of the American system of government which asserts that the people are the source of any and all governmental power, and government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Articles of Confederation
Plan of government adopted by the Continental Congress after the American Revolution; established "a frim league of friendship" among the States. but allowed few important powers to the central government
Ratification
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
Presiding Officer
Chair
Framers
Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787
Virginia Plan
Plan presented by delegates from Virginia at the Constitutional Convention; called for a three-branch government with a bicameral legsilature in which each State's membership would be determined by its population or its financial support for the central government
New Jersey Plan
Plan presented as an alternative to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention; called for a unicameral legislature in which each State would be equally represented
Connecticut Compromise
An agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's population
Three-Fifths Compromise
An agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a State
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
An agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting slave holders; denied Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any State,and, for 20 years, the power to act on the slave trade
Federalists
Those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788
Anti-Federalists
Those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788
Quorum
Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority