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13 Cards in this Set

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Introduction
Preamble
Numbered sections of a document; the unamended Constitution divided into seven articles.
Articles
The basic principle that government and those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law.
Constitutionalism
Concept that holds that government and its officers are always subject to the law.
Rule of Law
The basic principle of American system of government that the executive, legislative and judicial powers are divided among three independent and coequal branches of government.
Separation of Powers
System of overlapping powers of legislative, executive, and judicial branches, to permit each branch to check the actions of the others.
Checks & balances
Chief executive’s power to reject the bill passed by a legislature; literally in Latin: forbid
Veto
The power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
Judicial Review
Contrary to constitutional provision, and so illegal, null and void, of no force and effect.
Unconstitutional
A system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central or national government and several regional governments.
Federalism
A change in or addition to a constitution or law.
Amendment
Change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the constitution itself thru 1 of four methods set forth in the constitution.
Formal Amendment
The first 10 amendments to the constitution.
Bill of Rights