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20 Cards in this Set

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A collective of individuals and institutions, the formal vehicles through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted
Government
Member of the political community to whom certain rights and obligations are attached.
Citizen
The study of who gets what, when and how-or how policy decisions are made
Politics
The belief that people are free and equal by God-given right and that this in turn requires that all people give their consent to be governed; espoused by John Locke and influential in the writing of the Declaration of Independence
Social Contract Theory
An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed.
Social Contract
A system of government that gives power to the people, whether directly or through their elected represenatives
Democracy
A system of government in which members of the policy meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule
Direct Democracy
A system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who will work on their behalf
Indirect Representative Democracy
A government rooted in the consent of the governed; a represenative or indirect democracy
Republic
The idea that govenments must draw their powers from the consent of the governed
Popular consent
The central premise of direct democracy in which only policies that collectively garner the support of a majority of voters will be made into law
Majority Rule
The right of the majority to govern themselves
Popular Sovereignty
A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ehtical principles that are part of nature and, as such, can be understood by reason
Natural law
Society created when citizens are allowed to organize and express their views publicly as they engage in an open debate about public policy
Civil Society
Since around 1890, when large numbers of immigrants begin arriving in America, the US has seen a sharp increase in population. the major reasons for this increase are new births and increased longevity, although immigration has also been a contributing factor. U.S Pupulation, about 293 million

Which of the following is projected to be the largest minority group by 2050 in the U.S.? Hispanics
U.S. population and changing demographics
Argued that government's major responsibility was the preservation of private property and argued that the Legislative branch should be most powerful
John Locke
An individual's coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and indivduals is best known as...
Political Ideology
One thought to believe that a government is best that governs least and that big government can only infringe on individual, personal, and economic rights
Conservative
One considered to favor extensive governmental involvment in the economy and the provision of social services and to take an activist role in protecting the rights of women, the elderely, minorities, and the environment or

Today, which of the following political ideologies would be most supportive of an active role for government in the economy?
Liberal
More pesimistic. _____ argued that man’s natural state was war and without government life would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”; a struggle to survive. Therefore, there is a need for a single, strong ruler.

______ was more optimistic. Government is necessary to preserve private property.
Need less centralized authority
Hobbes & Locke