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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
theory behind democracies
Challenging the rights of monarchs
what is a federal gov.?
shared power between a national and local gov.
majority rule
minority rights
preamble, purpose of government
defense, domestic tranquility, citizens welfare
social contract theory
voluntary by the people
ideas of gov in the declaration of independence
natural rights, people power
gov after the revolution
too weak
1st u.s. president
inaugurated in NYC, electoral college, after ratification
articles of confederation
unicameral, no executive
"The Federalist papers"
needed to get NY to ratify
Constitutional Convetion
drafts new constitution
electoral college
election of president
Declaration of Independence
people right to abolish a bad gov.
"We the people"
popular sovereignty
bill of rights
needed for ratification, basic freedoms, first 10
limited gov
boundaries set by the people
basic rights
in the bill of rights
legislative branch check on judicial branch
impeach judges
amendments
prohibition, term limits for president
presidential veto
checks and balance
why constitution has lasted over 200 years
flexibility to change
bill of rights protection
fair treatment under law, freedom of expression, freedom of belief
checks and balances
unconstitutional, vetoes, senate approval of nominees
seperation of powers
3 branches
formal amending
principal of federalism
1st amendment
free speech
concurrent power
shared between national and states
honoring other states laws
full faith and credit
powers of local governments
from the states
expressed powers
coining money
extradition
returning accused criminals to state of the crime
republican form of gov
guaranteed to states by national gov
coining money
expressed power
national governmental powers
expressed, implied, inherent
national gov obligations to states
defense, republican form of gov, boundaries
federalism
powers divided between states and national
local gov
division of state power
political parties
elect candidates
minor parties
same views, off-shoot of major party, discontented with the economy
party membership
voluntary choice
federalists
favored strong national gov
issues of minor parties
taken up by the majors when popular
functions of major parties
nominate candidates, make sure elected officials perform, help run the gov
1 party system
dictatorships
supporters of democrats
unions
trends in a party membership
not joining
political socialization
family
why polls
peoples attitudes, views, opinions
mass medias impact
focus attention on issues
public opinion
attitudes of many people
learning about politics
use a variety of sources
scientific polls
most reliable measure of public opinion
most used media for politics
tv
political socialization facts
family, peers, a process that never ends
why do politicians need good info on public opinion
get re-elected
labor unions
people in the same industry
interest groups (pressure groups)
get the gov to protect their interests
lobbyists
work inside the system
criticisms of interest groups
more power than members
where pressure groups
all levels of gov
trends in a party membership
not joining
political socialization
family
why polls
peoples attitudes, views, opinions
mass medias impact
focus attention on issues
public opinion
attitudes of many people
learning about politics
use a variety of sources
scientific polls
most reliable measure of public opinion
most used media for politics
tv
political socialization facts
family, peers, a process that never ends
why do politicians need good info on public opinion
get re-elected
labor unions
people in the same industry
interest groups (pressure groups)
get the gov to protect their interests
lobbyists
work inside the system
criticisms of interest groups
more power than members
where pressure groups
all levels of gov
qualifications for the house of reps
25 years old, citizen 7 years, resident of state
how many senators
2 per state
senate seats per state
in constitution
averagte congressperson
white, middle aged, male
term length of the senator
6 years
qualifications of senators
30 years old, citizen 9 years, resident of state
why immunity in congress
free speech
power to impeach
house of reps
expressed powers
declare war, naturalization, raise an army
delaring war
expressed power
necessary and proper clause
implied powers
who can propose amendments
congress
power the impeach
house of reps
war powers of congress
call up malitia, declare war, raise army & navy
dictatorship close the U.S.
Cuba
judicial power
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes within society
executive power
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
legislative power
the power to make a law and to frame public policies
constitution
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
democracy
a form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
federal government
a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
Division of powers
basic principle of federalism;the constitutional provisions by which gonvermental powers are divided on a geological basis
bicameral
an adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers
ratification
formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
Magna carta
established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trail by jury and due proces of law to the nobility
Articles of Confederation
a plan of government which established a firm league of friendship among the states, but allowed few important powers to the central gov
Inherent powers
powers the constitution is resumed to have delegated to the national government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community
Concurrent powers
those powers that both the national government and the states posess and exersize
political party
a group of persons who seek to control the government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office
bi-partisan
supported by two parties
electorate
all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
PAC
the political extension of special interest groups which have a major stake in public policy
nomination
the process of candidate selection in a democracy
non-partisan elections
elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels