Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rule by the people
popular sovereignty
power is divided between national and state governments
each of the 3 branches has its own responsibilities
separation of powers
each branch of government exercises control over the others
checks and balances
rejecting legislation
the power of courts to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments invalid if they violate the
judicial review
the constitution limits the actions of government by specifically listing powers it does and does not have
limited government
2 parts of congress
senate and house of representatives
powers of congress directly stated in the constitution
expressed powers
expressed powers of congress numbered 1-18
ennumerated powers
first ennumerated power
gives congress right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its powers.
elastic clause
president head of the
executive branch
executive branch protects 3 things
liberty property business
5 specific powers of the president
1. make treaties
2. commander in chief
3. appoints heads of executive departments
4. may pardon someone/reduce sentence
5. commissions all military officers
presidents reside over a vast
-made up of all executive branch employees
federal beauracracy
2 court systems in judicial branch
federal and state
this courts powers derive from the constitution and federal laws
this court's powers derive from state constitutions and laws
the 2 factors that determine jurisdiction
subject matter and parties involved
2 ways the president acts as a legislator
*proposes legislative agenda
*details programs that are enacted into law
3 sources of conflict between president and congress
*power of president troubles congress
*the way the president enforces a bill congress has passed
*political parties
congress has the power to limit what of the supreme court
why does the supreme court need a president to comply with its decision?
A president who disagrees can refuse to enforce it
2 methods of proposing an amendment
*2/3 vote of each house of congress
*national convention called at the request of 2/3 of the states
to appeal to
this amendment called for the federal government's spending never exceeding its income
balanced budget
2 mehods of ratifying an amendment
*legislatures in 3/4ths of the state ratitify amendment
*special ratifying convention
21st amendment repealed
18th amendment
3 ways congress has changed the constitution through law
*Taxing authority of congress
*Executive branch
*Federal courts
Senate has the power to determine ___ or ____
Guilt, innocence
25th amendment clarified
presidential succession
agreement between nations
made directly by the president and the head of state of another country
executive agreement
courts should avoid taking initiative on social and political issues
Judicial restraint
second amendment
bear arms
19th amendment
women vote
22nd amendment
limits presidential terms
13th amendment
outlawed slavery
4th amendment
protects against searches + seizures
26th amendment
lowered voting age in both federal and state elections to 18
5th amendment
protects against double jeopardy and self-incrimination
16th amendment
gives congres power to levy individual income taxes
15th amendment
prohibits government from denying a person's right to vote on the basis of race