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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the instituition through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
all those things a government decides to do
public policies
the power to make law and frame public policies
legislative power
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law.
executive power
the power to interpret laws to determine their meaning and to settle disputes that arise within the society
judicial power
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles structures and processes of a government
form of government where those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people. Power held by person or group
supreme authority rests with the people
a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without consent of authority.
has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies.
government in which a single person holds unlimited political power
government in which the power to rule is held by a small usually self appointed elite
centralized government, powers belong to a single central agency
unitary government
one which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments
federal government
the authority superior to the central and local govts. in a federal govt. Ex. U.S. constitution
division of powers
alliance of independent states. Hold limited powers in govt.
the executive and legislative branches of government are sparate independ of one another and coequal
presidential government
the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier and that official's cabinet. One branch
parliamentary government
finding the position most acceptable to the largest number
economic system characterized by the private ownership of capital goods, investments made by privaete decision, and success or failure determined by competition in the market place.
free enterprise system
when supplies of goods and services are plentiful prices tend to drop
law of supply and demand
an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion
mixed economy