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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
deciding who gets what, when, and how
politics
The study of politics: who governs, for what ends, and by what means
Political Science
Organization extending to the whole society that can legitimately use force to carry out its decisions
Government
Widespread acceptance of something as necessary, rightful, and legally binding
Legitimacy
idea that government orginates as an implied contract among individuals who agree to obey laws in exchange for protection of their rights
social contract
goods and services that cannot readily be provided by markets either because they are too expensive for a single individual to buy or because if one person bought them, everyone else would use them without paying
public goods
free competition for voluntary exchange among indviduals, firms, and corporations
free market
Measure of economic performanc in terms of the nation's total production of goods and services for a single year, valued in terms of market prices.
gross domestic product (GDP)
costs imposed on people who are not direct participants in an activity
externalities
government transfers of income from taxpayers to persons regarded as deserving
income transfers
governing system in which the poeple govern themselves from the Greek term meaning "rule by the many"
democracy
individual dignity, equality before the law, widespread participation in public decisions, and public decisions by majority rule, with one person having one vote
democratic ideals
potential for conflict between individual freedom and majority rule
paradox of democracy
principle that government power over the individual is limited, that there are some personal libertiies that even a majority cannot regulate, and that government itself is restrained by law
limited government
rule by an eliete that exercises unlimited power over individuals in all aspects of life
totalitarianism
monopoly of political power by an indivual or small group that otherwise allows people to go about their private lives as they wish
authoritarianism
government system in which every person participates actively in every public decision, rather than deligating decision making to representatives
direct democracy
governing system in which public decision making is delegated to representatives of the people chosen by the popular vote in free, open and periodic elections
representative democracy
poplitical system in which power is concentrated in the hands of a relatively small group of indivuals or institutions
elitism
theory that democracy can be achieved through competition among multiple organized groups and that individuals can participate in politics through group memberships and elections
pluralism