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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the government is not all powerful and there are certain indibidual rgights the government can not take away
olimited government
important document forced signed by king john to give individual rights such as trial by jury. Established the monarchy power wasn't absolute
Magna Carta
Idea that government should serve the will of the people. Limited government applied
representative government
Limited the king's power by restricting punishing ability and martial Law
Petition of Right
Included guaranteed rights such as a fair trial, freedom from excessive bail, and cruel and unusual punishment
English Bill of Rights
a written grant of authority from the king
charter
government that is 2 house
bicameral
government with 1 house
unicameral
a joining of several groups for a common purpose
confederation
ben franklin offered this plan to settle problems of colonial trades and attacks
Albany plan of union
representatives from each of the 13 colonies
delegates
refusal to buy or sell certain products or services
boycott
revoked. Used of king george's taces and trade regulations
repealed.
government can exist only with the consent of the governed (people)
popular sovereignty
Established a firm leage of frienship among the states. Gave each state sovereignty, frreom and independence
Articles of Confederation
formal aaproval of each of the 13 states
ratification
the chair of the congress but not president of U.S.
presiding officer
the group of delegates who attended the philadelphia convention including many outstanding individuals
framers
largely created by Madison, it called for a new government with 3 separate branches and made the legislature bicameral
Virginia Plan
kept the unicameral Congress with equal state representation added limited taxing and trade powers to Congress, opposed virginia plan with equal state representation not by population or fininacing
New Jersey Plan
Made agreed that Congress would be under 2 houses the senate and house. Called great compromise
Connecticut compromise
It settled the isue if slaved should be counted by saying every 3/5's of a group of slaves will count
3/5's compromise
Forbid congress to tax on exported goods and forbid their power to act on slave trade for 20 years
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
favored ratification of the Constitution
federalists
Opposed Constitution ratificationn
anti-federalist
a majority
quorum
Short noteworthy introduction of the constitution
preamble
the balance of the original document balnced into these 7 numbered sections
articles
the government must be conducted according to constitutional principles
constitutionalism
holds that government and all of its officers are always subject to - never above - the law
rule of law.
the presidential system of the 3 basic powers having seperate independent branches
separation of powers
how the 3 branches are tied together, where each branch is checked by other branches
checks and balances
reject done by the president to congress
veto
the power of courts to decide whether what government does is in accord to what the constitution
judicial review
to declare illegal, null, and void of no force and effect
unconstitutional
the division of power among a central government and several regional governments
federalism
changes in the constitutions written words
amendment
changes or additions that become part of the written language of the constitution itself
formal amendment
first 10 amendments of the constituion
bill of rights
pact made by the president directly with the head of a foreign state
executive agreement
formal agreement between 2 or more sovereign states
treaty
group that makes the gormal selection of the nation's president
electoral college
advisory body to the president
cabinet
the senate will only approve certain individuals acceptable to the senator or senators of the president's problem from the state involved. A judge or marshal
senatorial courtesy
organized by a person to whom the king has made a grant of land
proprietary