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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the authority of a court to rule on certain cases
jurisdiction
a person engaged in a law suit
litigants
written explanation of a supreamecourt descision
opinion
the courts decision expressing the views of the majority of justices
majority opinion
the opinion expressed by a minority of justices in a court case
dissenting opinion
a model on which to base later decisions or actions
precedent
rejection of a bill
veto
when congress overrides a president veto
veto override
the official vote for president and vice president by electors in each state
electoral college
secretaries of the executive departments the vice president and other top officials that help the president make descisions and policy
cabinet
the practice of granting favors to reward party loyalty
patronage
a rule issued by the president that has the force of law
executive order
government administrations
bureaucracy
a release from legal punishment
pardon
a formal order given by a higher authority
mandate
a population count
census
the process of reassigning representation based on population after every census
reappotionment
to set up new district lines after reapportionment is complete
redisrict
to draw a districts boundary lines to gain an advantage in elections
gerrymander
elected official that is already in office
incumbant
an organization formed to colect money and provide financial support for political candidates
political action committee
powers directly stated in the constitution
expressed powers
powers that the government requires to carry out the expressed constitutional powers
implied powers
a formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official
impeachment
the provisions congress wrote into some laws that allowed it to review and cancel accusations of executive agencies
legislative veto
a system of government in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government
representative government
a system in which the power of the government is limited not absolute
limited government
the division of power among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government
separation of powers
to approve
ratify
one of the even main divisions of the body of the constitution
article
laws passed by congress and treaties of the united states "shall be the supream law of the land
supremacy clause
a change to the constitution
amendment
rule by the people
popular sovereignity
a system in which power is divided between the national and state government
federalism
the system where each brach of government excersizes some control over another
checks and balances
the power of the supreame court to declare laws and actions of governments unconstitutional
judicial review
gives congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out powers expressed in the other clauses in article 1
elastic clause
a group of individuals with broadcommon interests who organize to nominate candadites for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
political party
any political party other than one of the two major parties
thirdy party
a voting district
precinct
a gathering of local and state party members chosen to nominate presidential and vice presidentioal candidates
national convention
an election in which all voters may participate
open primary
an official public meeting of a party to choose candidates for office
nominating convention
the candidates for president and vice president
ticket
a statement of a political party's principles, beliefs and and positions on vital issues
platform
a section or a political party platform
plank
the right to vote
sufferage
money paid in order to vote
poll tax
to enroll one's name with the appropriate local government in order to particpate in elections
register
the location in a precinct where people vote
polling place
voting for candidates from different parties for different offices
ticket-splitting
one that allows a person to vote without going to the polls on election day
absentee ballot
the use of ideas information or rumors to influence opinion
propaganda
one where a voter has selected candidates of his or her party only
straight party ticket
institution through which the state maintains social order provides social sevices eforces binding decision on citizens
government
the supreame and absolute authority
sovereignty
a plan that provides rules for government
constitution
a statement in a constitution that sets forth the goals and purposes of government
preamble
belief that certain people are either descended from gods or chosen by gods to rule
divine right theory
the theory that the state evolved from the family
evolutionary theory
by contract people surrender to the state the power needed to mantain order in the state in turn agrees to protect its citzens
social contract theory
a system of government in which a small group holds power
oligarchy
autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor excersizes supreae powers of government
monarchy
political disorder
anarchy
a form of democracy in which the people govern themselves by voting on issues
direct democracy
effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
politics