Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Speaker of the House
Dennis Hastert
House Majority Leader
John Boehner
House Minority Leader
Nancy Pelosi
House Majority Whip
Roy Blunt
House Minority Whip
Steny Hoyer
President Pro Tempore
Ted Stevens
Senate Majority Leader
Bill Frist
Senate Minority Leader
Harry Reid
Senate Majority Whip
Mitch McConnell
Senate Minority Whip
Dick Durbin
National Security Advisor
Stephen Hadley
Joint Cheifs of Staff
General Richard Myers
Attorney Gerneral
Alberto Gonzaes
Secretary of Homeland security
Michael Chertoff
Secretary of Commerce
Carlos Gutierrez
Do interest groups have any representation or accountability?
They hold no accountability and have no widespread representation
Specific interest groups
Narrow, Right to Life (abortion), Great lakes
Planned paretn hood, to deal with more! Sierra club
Economic Interest Group
health care, pharmacy, minimum wage
Equality interest group
gender, income, education
Consumer/public interest groups
tags on mattresses (ralph nader)
Public goods
services and goods everyone benefits from, even if they do not pay for it (environment, nuclear weapons, air)
free rider problem
why join an interest group if you will benefit from their actions
less common, membership is a prerequisit (law, teachers)
selective benefits
AARP: discounts
Policy outcomes
lobbying, Elections, Public, Legal System
professional-hire someone
Grassroots- members
PACS- money
Litigation: courts legal system
why are some IG more successful
access, information, leadership skills, numbers vs. unity, money, nature of issue
how many members in house and senate combined?
the job of linking the rank and file to the party leadership falls to the
majority and minority leaders
Before a bill can be signed of vetoed by the president, it must
pass both houses in identical form
The house rules committee
decided what bills go before the full house and decided what amendments can be attached to the bills
Congress is bicameral
true- two chambers
A bill can be introduced by any interested party in the executive or legislative branches
false, only legislative
A filibuster is a technique used in the house to delay the consideration of legislation
false only in the senate
If a bill is passed by the fast-track option, it means 2/3 of house and senate voted in favor of the legislation
According to the constitution, the last war in the u.s was world war 2
house exclusive powers
impeachment, originates tax bills
senate exclusive powers
tries impeachement, advise and consent on presidential nominees and all treaties
house or senate more prestigeous?
who follows rules more?
house... senate has filibuster
where is power more concentrated?>
where is more media coverage?
who relies more on their staff?
who specializes in policy
who is more conservative?
house rules committee
Very powerful, another way in which to make sure legislation will pass or fail. Responsible for two things: 1. order 2. rules of debate (how much time to spend on it, how many people can speak in favor or against, and WHAT TYPE OF AMENDMENTS!
what are the rules/?
3 types of rules!: open (things can be changed), closed (no amendments), restrictive (ability to change the wording or to add on certain types of amendments.)
fast track?
Fast Track Legislation: 40 minutes to debate a piece of legislation. 2/3 vote, to get it through quickly you need more people to support it, can’t take time to gather them through amendments.
select committee
Deal with policy issues: aging: problems that effect older Americans, intelligence: where the break down was: after 9/11… tend to be temporary
standing committees
Not equal standing… three that are very powerful since they are so important you can only serve on one committee… membership usually only comes with seniority
Ways and means (taxes, how the gov’t gets the money that it needs to spend)
Appropriations committee
log rolling
Committee’s exist at some level to secure their electoral positions.
coalation building
get enough supporters to make sure your piece of legislation gets that majority needed to go onto the next step
process of reviewing agency operations to determine whether an agency is carrying out policies as Congress intended.
Take a different view of representation. Assume that they were elected not to be the mouth piece of the people, but rather to advance, saying that they know interests better than people themselves: look at how it will help them, where the tax raise will go and if it will help them in the long run
Mouthpiece of the people: representative: vote for constituency: against taxes
special money
The way in which a member of congress acts and represents themselves with their voting district (constituency)… trust! Face to face interaction… creating a psychological bond.
political parties: direct
Involved in writing, voting, and passing accountability (vote them out) (everybody)
interest groups: indirect
Don’t directly write policy, just try to influence, limited, no accountability
political parties
group of like minded people in an attempt to take control of government!
the 3 headed giant
a party in the electorate how people see it, formal membership required, party as an organization (decentralized), party in government (book), weakness! (don’t vote with party because wouldn’t get re voted in), can’t make vote in parties wishes party line (no incentive), every 4 years National Organization meets, come up with party platform (used to select presidential candidates, Europe highly centralized (gather a lot)
functions of political parties
Operating government, coming up with issues political Agenda, suggesting solutions, educate the public, mobilize(get them involved, vote), recruitment (members and talent)
majority of people switching party with identification. ( large scale loss of party id!)
Republicans from South, who at one time were Democrats.
dissatisfaction with parties... creates new parties
Ross Peuro first time invited
Fighting within their side for votes… a liberal (fights with democratic)
It’s better to have more than 2 parties… only one winner… but that person may only have 30% of the vote, like a horse race! Place vote so they will win!
why do third party movements fail?
Sincere vs. Sophisticated voting in 2000, we had Bush, Gore, Nader… Sincere voter ( is going to vote for their favorite candidate, no matter what) (Gore and Nader are on the left (liberal)) if you vote for nader, your taking votes away from Gore! Do you stay sincere? Or vote for Gore, because you don’t want the person you like least (bush) to be president. Those people are sophisticated voters!~
how is power balance created?
Power balance between congress and president… comes from public support! Now that president rating is low, it is harder for congress to follow presidents agenda
who can become president?
-need to be 35 years old (used to be considered middle age, life expectancy only 50)
-natural U.S. citizen (why? No one was a natural citizen… need to be born on American soil!) Alexander Hamilton… didn’t want him to become president! That’s why this law is in place!
-lived in country for at least 14 years. (good because you need to know the needs of the country)
presidential duties
Chief/ head of Bureaucracy
Commander and Chief of the Armed Forces: decision when to deploy troops: not declare war
Ability to sign treaties and make Appointments: only with 2/3 vote of Senate
Power to pardon: federal criminals (water gate… they all got pardoned…Ford pardoned Nixon)
national vision of the president?
Something he sees he needs to do when coming into office. Johnson, being president was a gift from God, poverty programs… Regan, was to reform government, and that government was the problem (huge recession at this time)
the power to persuade: congress
Override 2/3 vote
Pocket Veto needs to happen within 10 days of adjournment (Regan famous for it, no one can override it
executive orders
Regulations that carry the force of law… let presidents make decisions, usually in crisis situation, more often in foreign policy, can’t use over and over if in conflict with congress because that would be over using power
executive privledge
Is the ability to deny congress information, if that information would compromise the ability of the executive branch to carry out its orders or duties… George W. Bush is famous for this… press is the problem not the solution
power is a relative commodity and is not guarenteed to every president
Changes depending on how the president is going to use it. When Clinton came in in 1992 it was a very contested issue, people really approved and congress was really willing to work with him, until the health care reform thing. Lost a lot of power, but then regained it to win re-election, then dropped again because improper campaign financing, and Monica.
honey mood period
When the president comes into office. Bush was amazing in how he turned around the power of the presidency. 94% approval rating before, almost guarantee anything he wanted in congress. Now president as seen as lacking public support, so its ok for congress to go against him.
why is there only one voice(president) in foreign policy
One voice in foreign policy, because otherwise it shows weakness…this has changed!
president used to have no interference with foreign policy ... now?
War Powers Act of 1973
Presidential Decision Directive 25 (1994)
The power of the purse
vice president:
standby equipment... al gore exception