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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Latin for "friend of the court"; a written brief from an individual or group claiming to have information useful to a court's consideration of a case
Amicus Curiae
a brief unsigned statement of a supreme court decision
Percurium Opinion
an order from the Supreme Court to a lower court to send up the records on a case for review
Writ of Certiorari
a written explanation of a Supreme Court decision; also a written interpretation of a state constitution or state laws by the state's attorney general.
Direct contact made by a lobbyist in order to persuade government officials to support the policies their interest group favors
a written statement setting forth the legal arguments, relevant facts, and precedents supporting one side of a case
-defined citizenship (a person born or naturalized in the U.S. is a citizen of the nation)
-laid the groundwork for making individual rights national
Fourteenth Amendment
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Judicial Review
a rulling on a law or action that has not been challenged.
Advisory opinion
a model on which to base later decisions or actions
refuse to spend
Held that a person in police custody cannot be questioned unless he/she has been read their rights
Miranda V. Arizona
Held that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was violated when San Francisco's public school district refused to instruct children of Chinese ancestery in English
Lau V. Nichols
upheld a conviction for publishing articles that advocated the violent overthrow of democratic governments in general and the government of the U.S. in particular
Gitlow V. New York