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24 Cards in this Set

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Natural Law
A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and as such can be understood by reason.
Social Contract Theory
The belief that people are free and equal by God-given right and that this in turn requires that all people give thier consent to be governed
Monarchy
A form of government in which power is vested in hiereditary kings and queens
Oligarchy
A form of government in which the right to participate is always conditioned on the possession of wealth, social status, military possession, or achievement.
Artistocracy
A system of government in which control is based on rule of the highest.
Demoncracy
A system of government that gives power to the people, whether directly or through thier elected representatives.
Direct Democracy
a system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule.
indirect democracy
a system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for respresentatives who will work on thier behalf.
Republic
a government rooted in the consent of the giverned, a respresentaive or indirect democracy.
Free market economy
the economic system in which the invisible hand of the market regulates prices, wages, product mix, and so on.
capitalism
the economic system that fovors private control of business and minimal governmental regulation of private industry.
popular consent
the idea that government must draw thier powers from the consent of the giverned.
Popular Sovereignty
the right of the majority to govern itself. has its basis on natural law. political authority rests with the people.
Indidualism
all people are deemed equal and fair and endowed
Civil Society
Society created when citizens are allowed to organize and express thier personal views publicaly as they engage in an open debate about policy.
Elite Theory
A theory of decision making that posits that all important decisions in society are made by a select few.
Bureaucratic Theory
arguing that all institutions have fallen under the control of a bureaucracy that caarries out policy on a day to day basis using standard procedures.
Intrest group theory
a decision making theory that contends that intrest groups control the governmental process
Pluralist Theory
a theory of decision making that argues that resources are scattered so widely that no single elite group can completely control a substantial policy area.
Policical Culture
Attitudes toward the polictal system and its various parts, the attitudes toward the role of the self in the system
Political Ideology
A persons coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government.
Conservative
One thought to believe that a government is best that governs least and that big government can only infringe on persons personal and economic rights.
Liberal
One considered to favor extensive governmental involvement in the economy and the provision of social services and to take an activist role in protecting the rights of women and minorities and the enviornment.
Libertarian
One who favors a free markey economy and no governmental interference in personal liberties.