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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Human Rights
fundamental freedoms
Incorporation
extended the Bill of Rights to all levels of government
Establishment Clause
states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.”
Free Exercise Clause
prohibits government from unduly interfering with the free exercise of religion
Parochial School
schools operated by a church or a religious group
Secular
nonreligious
Abridge
limited
Precedent
a model on which to base later decisions or actions
Pure Speech
the most common form of speech
Symbolic Speech
the use of actions and symbols, in addition to or instead of words, to express opinions
Seditious Speech
any speech urging resistance to lawful authority or advocating the overthrow of the government
Defamatory Speech
false speech that damages a person’s good name, character, or reputation
Slander
false speech intended to damage a person’s character
Libel
false written or published statements intended to damage a person’s reputation
Prior Restraint
government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast
Sequester
kept isolated
Gag Order
an order by a judge barring the press from publishing certain types of information about a pending court case
Shield Laws
laws that give reporters some means of protection against being forced to disclose confidential information or sources in state courts
Picketing
Patrolling an establishment to convince workers and the public not to enter it
Holocaust
the mass extermination of Jews and other groups during World War II
Heckler’s Veto
public veto of free speech and assembly rights of unpopular groups by claiming demonstrations will result in violence