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154 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
closed primaries allow who to vote
registered party members
the democratic new deal was begun by
franklin roosevelt
an effort to influence legislation through personal contacts is called
lobbying
where do public campaign fungs come from
general tax fund
any persuasive communication used to inlufence public opinion is called
propaganda
The modern Democratic Party was started by
Andrew Jackson
The Republican Partys first president was
Abe Lincoln
The process by which candidates are chosen to run is called
Nomination Process
the process of gaining ones political identity
political socialization
The federal campaign funding is controlled by
The federal election committee
These groups have caused the passage of laws such as minimum wage, maximum hour work weeks and restricted child labor
Labor Unions
Republicans tend to hold this type of idelogy
conservative
a small group meeting within a party usually to choose delegates is called
caucus
When voters are allowed to directly wote on legislation it is called
Refferendum
Democratic Ideology is usually considered
Liberal
What kind of interst groups wouldfavor price support for crops
Agricultural Interest Groups
the first interest group to organize formed in the
1770s (independence groups
What is the single largest expense to Presidential and congressional candidates
campaign advertising
American Party system is basically _____________ system
two party
candidates for president and vice pres. are called the partys
ticket
This party grew out of the remainder of the whigs, free soil, and disenchanted Democrats
Republicans
They plan and run National convention
National Committee
Voters who are in the middle are called
moderates
To be eligible for federal matching funds, presidential candidates must agree to spend limits and must receive what percent of the election vote
5%
Simply means the right to vote
suffarage
provides that voters may remove elected officials before their term empires
recall
a procedure by which voters may propose a law or a state constitutional amendment
Intitiative
Refers to the system of rewards and favors given out by a party in power to those who faithfully sevre the party
patronage
A voting district that may range in size from just a few voters to over 1,000, all of who their ballots at the same polling place
precinct
Individuals party platform
planks
The group that plans and runs the national convention and handles all the partys affairs between elections
National committee
meets every four years to nominate presidential and vice pres candidates and to write the partyy platform
National Nominating Committee
A propoganda technique usually involves a prominent person
Testimonial
A sample that does not accurately represent the population
straw poll
an individuals close friends, church, clubs, or work groups
peer groups
refers to how individuals learn their political beliefs
political socialization
lawmakers who are already in office
lobbyists
one reason third parties have difficulty gaining power
major parties can subvert third parties by co-operating their issues and defusing their political base
closed primaries allow these people to vote
registered party members
This groups of Americans believes in a limited national government
Liberals
The function of informing the public and stimulating political debate is performed by
1. news media
2. political parties
3. interest groups
The two party system in the US goes back to the
Ratification of the Constitution
Multi- party systems tend to produce
political instability
The fifth and latest expansion of the American electorate came in 1971 when suffarge was extended to
persons over 18
The voting act of 1965 was an effort to ensure voting rights for
African Americans
Which is more likely to vote
48 year old professor from chicago
which two groups have the strongest impact on political socialization in the US
the schools and families
which provides legal protection for activities of interest groups
1st amendment
who is our state senator
Creigh Deeds
How many members of the board of supervisers
7
How many members of congress are there
535
who is our state delegate
Rob Bell
when was the constitution written
1787
which amendment gave former slaves the right to vote
15th
which amendment channged the voting age to 18
26th
which amendment gave women the right to vote
19th
which amendment ended poll tax
24th
which amendment gave electoral votes to DC
23rd
which amendment changed the electoral college
12th
which amendment allowed for direct election of U.S. Senators
17th
percentage of voter turn out for 2004 Presidential Election
low 60%
What is PAC, how many are there
Political Action Committee 4,000
what is the difference between hard and soft money
hard money- goes to a specific candidate for the campaign
Soft Money- goes to the political party
cross over voting
a voter from another affiliation votes in another partys primary
527 political committee
unregulated political finding
Implied powers of the national government are inferred from
Constitiution
Which part of the Constitution allows the national government to make all laws that are "necessary and proper"
Article 1 section 8
which of the following IS NOT a delegated power
declare a law unconstitutional
An example of concurrent power is the power to
collect taxes
an example of reserved power is the power to
grant professional licenses
The national government can acquire territory from citizens, this is an example of
Inherent Powers
The right of the national government to acquire territory from citizens is called
Eminent Domain
The Constitution requires the national government to
1. each state republican form of gov
2. not interfere with territorial integrity of the states
3. protect states against domestic insurrection
What does the Full Faith Clause require
That the state fullfill their obligations toward each other
The Legal process of returning an alleged criminal to that state where the crime was committed
Extradition
McColloch v. Maryland resulted in
Stronger national government
The Commerce Clause gives
The Federal Government the power to regulate interstate commerce
Alxander Hamilton supported a very strong national government, but __(who)_____ opposed it:
thomas Jefferson
which of the following is an example of denied power
Taxing exports
Most powers given and denied to congress are listed in what Article of the Constitution
Article I
Which Article to the Constitution defines the relationship between states
Article IV
ths Constititution principle that calls for a division of pwer between a central government(national) and smaller local governments (states) is called
Federalism
Which of the following IS NOT a national reposibility to the states
Provide a structure for local governements
Ben Franklins 1754 proposal to unite the colonies was called the
Albany Plan
The four basic characteristics of a nation-state are territory, population, sovereignty, and
government
The Magna Carta signed in England in 1215 astablished all of the allowing EXCEPT
Divine Right of the King
The English Bill of Rights signed in 1689 granted all of the following EXCEPT
Divine Right of the King
First written constitution in the colonies it included a representative assmeblyand popular election of lawmakers judges an d govenor
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
All of the folllowing were present for the Constitution Convention EXCEPT
Jefferson
The VA plan which had support of larger states at constitutional convention called for a legislative branch with
two houses with representation in both based on population
The Compromise that saved the Constitutional Convention is known as the
Connecticut Plan
In Writting the Declaration of Independence, the writer borrowed heavily from which of the following philosophers
Locke
All of the following believed tht people entered into a social contract for government EXCEPT
Calvin
Forst representative assembly in the Americas was the
House of Burgesses
The Three Fifths Compromise refers to
the question on how to count slaves
when discussing the proposed Constitution the most pominent of the Anti- Federalists was the lack of
a bill of rights
The existing forms of government found in the world can be divided into all of the following EXCEPT
Plural
a unitary system of government is characterized by
a central government that has ultimate authority over all of its political subdivisions
Calvin
stressed the authority of god to appoint rulers
The Constitution was ratified in
1788
In a ferderal system of government there is
a shared system of power between a central government and state provincial governments
Sovereignty means
that state possesses supreme and absolute power within its territorial boundary
Under the articles,________ states were needed to pass laws
9
The 3 authors if the Federalists papers were
Hamilton
Jay
Madison
The firrst direct tax on the colonies alone was the
stamp act
written in 1689 by parliment
English Bill of Rights
The Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts were directed towards Boston and included each of following EXCEPT
the taxing of Tea and Paper
The first President of the Second Continetal Congress was
john Hancock
Who is credited with writting the Constitution
Madison
Achievements inder the Articles of Confederation were few however the following did occur
the ligislature and signed the treaty of Paris with England in 1783
Hobbes
Believed in a strong government to provide social orderand saw government as a protector against the power of others
Each State is rtepresented in the US Senate by
two Senators
From Montesquieu we recieve the following concept
checks and balances
The New Jersey Plan called for a
unicameral legislature with one vote per state
A legislature with 2 houses is called
Bicameral
What proposalwas the first call for the colonies to unify
Albany plan
What type of government is ruled by a small group of individuals
Oligarchy
Patrick Henry, George Mason, and John Hncock represented what political group after the presentation of the Constitution
Anti- Federalists
What document forst established the principles of limited government
Magna Carta
Who presided over the Constitutional Convention
George Washington
During the majority of the Revolutionary war what group acted as a central government
Second Continental congress
The event which caused more states to attend the Philadelphia Convention than had attended Annapolis Conventions was the
Shays Rebellion
Who is credited with the writting of the Bill of Rights
James Madison
What kind of government system gives the most power to the local government bodies making for a week central government
Confederal
Thomas Paine wrote
Common Sense
At the time of the beginning of the American Revolution all of the following were true EXCEPT
the colonies were untaxed prior to the stamp act
in May 1787_____ states sent delgates to Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation
12
the 2 states that were crucial to the success of the constitutuion were
New York and Virginia
Democracy is
Rule of the people
all of the following were powers given to the national government under the articles of confederation EXCEPT
to tax exports
The government under the articles established a
confederal government
amendments may be proposed by congress or
a national convention
article III deals with ______
Judicial
The only crime mentioned in Constitution is
Treason
Concurrent Powers
powers which can be excercised by both the national and the states at the same time
Nationalists position
the belief that the national government was created by the people not the states and therefore believes the powers expressly delegated to the national government should be expanded as necessary to carry out the peoples will
Extradition
means preventing criminals from escaping justice by going from one state to another states that each state shall return fugitives to the state which they are charged
Delegated powers
powers that are directly expressed or stated in the Constitution
Reserved powers
powers granted to the states via the 10th amendment
States Rights Positions
holds that the constitution is a compact among the states and that any doubt about whether a power has been given to the national government or reserved to the states should be settled in favor of the other states
Full Faith and credit Clause
each state must recognize the laws and legal prceedings of the other states
implied powers
powers of the national government needs to carry out the expressed powers given to or by the constitution
Inherent Powers
powers the national government may exercise simply because it is a government.
Ratify Treaties
US senate
governing body in ALbemarle County
Board of Supervisors
name 3 delegated powers
make laws, coin money, postal routes
powerrs garunteed by the state is which amendment
10th
Ferderalism
shared powers between state and national government
proponent of the evolution theory of government
Aristotle
Supremacy Clause is in which Article
Article 6
Lt. governor
presides over the state senate and replaces the governor if absent
governor of VA
Tim Cain
Declare laws unconstitutional
Supreme courts
dillion Rule
local gov has rule only if the state gives it to them