Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/90

Click to flip

90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
wat amendment gave blacks the right to vote
15
wat amendment gave 18yrs old the right to vote
26th
wat amendment enabled ppl to vote for thier senators
17
was is it calle when state and federal gov share power
federalism
wat amendment enabled women to vote
19
wat check is there on the president's ability to veto
congress can over ride it with 2/3 vote
wat check exist to stop congress from passing crazy laws
president veto
separaton of powers means that powerd in the federal gov are divided among
3 branches
wat are the 3 branches of gov.
executive, judical, legislativ
where do amendments usually start at the state or federal level
federal
wat portion of both houses of congress must approve of an amendment for it to be passes on
2/3
when the constiution was created was it intended to specific or vague
vague
does the president have to sign an amendment for it to go into effect
no
once an amendment has been passes, can the courts overturn it
no
what was the orginal intention of the bill of rights
to ensure that the national gov. would not violate ppl's basic rights
ther virginia plan was favored by the
more populated states
the great comromise settled the problem of
how states would be represented in the legislature
which of the following was an argument made by the anti-federalists
a federal gov w/o a bill of rights would be too strong.
the consittuion giv more power to
fedeal gov
Washinton served as a president under
the costitution
who believed in the natural rights theory, which stated that rulers were required t o protect people's basic human rights and if those rights were violated ppl would revot.
john locke
wat theory states rulers are given the right to rule by God.
Divine rights
thomas pine wrote wat and what was is about
common sense, that stated that colonists had no choice but to separate from Great Britian
wo wrote the declaraton of independence
Thomans jefferson
when was the declaration of independence ratified
July 4th 1776
wat group was for stonger national gov.
federlist
wat group was for stronger state go.
anti federlists
article of confederation give more power to who
state gov
the US has wat type of democracy
reprentative, cuz the ppl elect individuals to voice thier opinons and make decisions for them in gov.
wat type of democracy has the citizens make all the decisions in go. and be responsible for voting on things themselves.
direct
what were the unalienable rights that the Declarationof independence staes ppl had
life, liberty, and pursit of happines
2 ways to propose an amendment
congress can propose
constituional convention
2 ways to ratify an amendment
2/3 congress votes.
3/4 of state legislative
who is the current secretary of state
Condoleezza Rice
wat is the 27th amendment about
congressional pay
wat are the five protection guarnteed by the 1st amendment
speech
petition
religon
assembly
press
wat clause prohibits the go from passing legilation to establis an official religon or prefer one religon over another
estbalishment clause
list 2 example of ow religon is a tradition in the US gov.
in god we turst0 on the money.
oen nation under God. pledgue of allegiance
why are churches and relgious groups tax exempted
so gov can't favor one religon over another
wat is the ree exercis clause
ur free to exercise ur religon fear of discrimination unless it hurts others.
marching picketing and chanting is an example of wat kind of speech
speech-plus
burning the flag is an example of wat kind of speech
symbolic
wat is slander
spoken defamotory remark
what is libel
written defamotory remark
promothing rebellion against the gov is considered wat
sedition
are school news paper covered under 1 amendment
no
name one gov restricitonof advertising
FDIC prevets ppl from using obsenity
wat law says the public can attend congress sessions
Sunshine law
does the law protect reports from revealing their soucres
yes
restriction of religon in school
religious groups must meet after school hours
wat amendmet stops citizens from beign forced to quarter soliders in their homes
3rd
an ___________ is when formal charges are brough agaist someone
indictment
_________ means that someone lied under oath.
perjury
a ______ jury, is one that can't agree on a verdict
hung
a _______ crime is one that is punishable by death
capital
wa amendment bans illegal searches and seizures
4th
wat amendment gurarntees that the federal gov must give the accused due process
5th
wat amendment guarantees citizens the right to bear arms
2nd
wat amendment guarantees ther right to petition the gov.
1st
a lawyer that is responible for representing the person accused of a crime, is called
defense attorney
the lawyer that is respnsibel for trying to prove that the person accused of a crime is guilty, is called a wat
prosecuting attorney
a __________ requires an individual to testify before a court.
subpoena
if an individual wants to protect himself against self-incrimination, he would use the protection fo ______amendment.
5th
the _________ ______ is the regulation which says that evidence which has been obtained illegally is not allowed in court.
exclusionary rule
_________ court are ones where the defendant is being sued for monetary compensation.
Civil
___________ courts are ones where the defendant is facing jail time.
criminal
which amendemtn guarantees ppl protection against doubel jeopardy
5th
it is called ______________ when a person allows the police to search something w/o a warrant.
voluntary consent
what is called when police are allowed to follow someone into their home w/o a warrant
hot pursuit
2 protection guaranteed under the 8th amenment
excessie fines and bail.
cruel and unusal punishment.
when would someone waive their double jeopardy protection
when they go to court of appeal and appeal their case
Gideon vs wainright case requires what
everyone has the right to a lawyer
the Escobed vs. illinois case guarantees what
the accused have ther right to legal advice
two key aspects of due process
laws must be reasonable and fair.
prodedures must be applied fairly
can police obtain evidence from ur car if they stoped u
yes plain veiw exception
the lawyer that is respnsibel for trying to prove that the person accused of a crime is guilty, is called a wat
prosecuting attorney
a __________ requires an individual to testify before a court.
subpoena
if an individual wants to protect himself against self-incrimination, he would use the protection fo ______amendment.
5th
the _________ ______ is the regulation which says that evidence which has been obtained illegally is not allowed in court.
exclusionary rule
_________ court are ones where the defendant is being sued for monetary compensation.
Civil
___________ courts are ones where the defendant is facing jail time.
criminal
which amendemtn guarantees ppl protection against doubel jeopardy
5th
it is called ______________ when a person allows the police to search something w/o a warrant.
voluntary consent
what is called when police are allowed to follow someone into their home w/o a warrant
hot pursuit
2 protection guaranteed under the 8th amenment
excessie fines and bail.
cruel and unusal punishment.
when would someone waive their double jeopardy protection
when they go to court of appeal and appeal their case
Gideon vs wainright case requires what
everyone has the right to a lawyer
the Escobed vs. illinois case guarantees what
the accused have ther right to legal advice
two key aspects of due process
laws must be reasonable and fair.
prodedures must be applied fairly
can police obtain evidence from ur car if they stoped u
yes plain veiw exception