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163 Cards in this Set

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Ahmed Chalabi a deputy prime minister in Iraq
and currently interim oil minister [1]. Once dubbed the "George Washington of Iraq" by American Neoconservatives
AIPAC special interest group that lobbies the United States Government on behalf of a strong U.S. - Israel relationship. Describing itself as "America's Pro-Israel Lobby
" it is a mass-membership organization including both Jews and non-Jews
Ali Larijani Iranian politician
the secretary of the Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) since August 14
Anwar Sadat third president of Egypt
led Egypt into Yom Kippur war
Ariel Sharon current prime minister of Israel
was in charge of six day war
Arms Control anything over 25 mil
the president must present to congress
Ayatollah Khomeini and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
the last Shah of Iran
Baghdad Pact – CTO An attempt for Britan to retain control of middle east – nations included Iraq
Iran
Black September Jordan – 1970 - after the six day war
King Hussein of Jordan was quashing a movement to overthrow him
Camp David II July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak
Colin Powell United States Secretary of State
serving from January 20
Condoleezza Rice "66th and current United States Secretary of State
and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush. She replaced Colin Powell on January 26
Condoleezza Rice was previously Bush's National Security Advisor during his first term (2001–2005). Before joining the Bush administration
she was a Professor of Political Science at Stanford University where she served as Provost from 1993 to 1999"
Dimona An Israeli nuclear installation is located about ten kilometres to the south of Dimona
the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Its construction commenced in 1958
Downing Street Memo says US fixed intel...as the "smoking gun memo"
contains an overview of a secret 23 July 2002 meeting among United Kingdom Labour government
Gamal Abdel Nasser the second president of Egypt
very important
Geneva Accord of 2003 he Geneva Accord is a 50-page draft peace agreement created by Israeli left-wing politicians
who negotiated the deal without the backing of the current Israeli government
George Tenet Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University and former United States Director of Central Intelligence. He submitted his resignation to the President on June 3
2004
Hamas a militant Palestinian Islamist organization. Its charter
written in 1988 and still in force
Hans Blix Swedish diplomat and politician. He was Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (1978 - 1979). Blix was also the head of the United Nations Monitoring
Verification and Inspection Commission from January 2000 to June 2003
Honsi Mubarak the fourth President of Egypt for twenty-five years
since 14 October 1981.
IAEA The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA
internally often referred to as "The Agency") was established as an autonomous organization on July 29
Irangate "Iran-contra affair: Several members of the Reagan Administration engaged in the sale of arms to Iran
an avowed enemy
President Reagan appeared to the American public and told a national television audience that the United States had not sold weapons to Iran. In a later televised Presidential Address he clarified that facts showed that the administration had
in fact
Irangate "Iran-contra affair: Several members of the Reagan Administration engaged in the sale of arms to Iran
an avowed enemy
President Reagan appeared to the American public and told a national television audience that the United States had not sold weapons to Iran. In a later televised Presidential Address he clarified that facts showed that the administration had
in fact
Iron Triangle cozy relationships in U.S. politics between the legislature
government bureaucracies
John Foster Dulles Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era
advocating an aggressive stance against communism around the world
John Jay Pollard former civilian intelligence analyst who pled guilty and was convicted on one count of spying for Israel
and in 1986 received a life sentence with a recommendation against parole.
John Straw British Labour Party politician. He was Home Secretary from 1997-2001
becoming Foreign Secretary after the 2001 UK general election. He has been the Member of Parliament for Blackburn since 1979.
Madrid Conference convened on October 30
1991 and lasted for three days. It was an early attempt by the international community to start a peace process through negotiations involving Israel and the Arab countries including Syria
Mahmoud Abbas President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9
2005 and took office on January 15
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad sixth president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. His term began on August 3
2005.
Middle East Partnership Initiative Part of the State Department...The Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is the Bush Administration's response to calls for change in the Middle East. This Presidential initiative
created in 2002 and funded with bipartisan support from the U.S. Congress
Mohammed Khatami fifth President of Iran from August 2
1997 to August 2
Mordechai Vanunu Israeli former nuclear technician who revealed details of Israel's nuclear weapons program to the British press in 1986. He was subsequently lured to Rome by an Israeli Mossad agent
abducted and smuggled to Israel
October War Same as Yom Kippor War. 1973...between Israel and a coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria....israel wins....Anwar Sadat in 1972 publicly stated that Egypt was committed to going to war with Israel
Oliver North member of the Marine Corps who achieved the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He rose to national prominence because of the Iran-Contra Affair
during which he was a key Reagan administration official involved in the clandestine selling of weapons to Iran
Operation Blue Bat President Eisenhower approved the deployment of USAF fighters from Germany to Adana. The crisis quickly abated
but set the stage for the next upheaval the following year in Lebanon.
Osirak was a 40 MW light water nuclear materials testing reactor (MTR) in Iraq. It was constructed by the Iraqi government at the Al Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Centre
Oslo Accords "finalized in Oslo
Norway on August 20
Yitzhak Rabin
Bill Clinton
Yitzhak Rabin
Bill Clinton
The Oslo Accords were a culmination of a series of secret and public agreements
dating particularly from the Madrid Conference of 1991 onwards
Paul Bremer "Director of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance for post-war Iraq following the Iraq War of 2003
replacing Jay Garner on May 6
In his role as head of the Coalition Provisional Authority
he reported only to the U.S. Secretary of Defense and exercised authority over Iraq's civil administration"
Paul D. Wolfowitz He is currently the President of the World Bank
but may be most famous as a prominent architect of the ambitious foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration known as the Bush Doctrine
Quartet on the Middle East a foursome of nations and international and supranational entities involved in mediating the peace process between the State of Israel and the Palestinian National Authority. UN
US
Rafic Hariri "self-made billionaire and business tycoon
was the Prime Minister of Lebanon from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2000 until his resignation on 20 October 2004. He headed five cabinets during his tenure.
Rafic Hariri "self-made billionaire and business tycoon
was the Prime Minister of Lebanon from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2000 until his resignation on 20 October 2004. He headed five cabinets during his tenure.
rational actor model assumes that the state is rational
acts for security
Richard Clarke provided national security advice to four U.S. presidents: Ronald Reagan
George H.W. Bush
Sabra and Shatila Massacre September 1982 by Lebanese Maronite Christian militias in then-Israeli-occupied Beirut
Lebanon
Schultz Peace Plan The Palestinians must be involved in the peace process if it is to mean anything. There isn't any question about that. [But] it's also true there isn't a role in the peace process for people whose tactics are violent and refuse to renounce violence
who refuse to recognize that Israel is there as a state[. Instead they must be] ready to talk and try to make peace.
Shimon Peres Prime minister after Rabin...Peres won the Nobel Peace Prize together with Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat
for their efforts towards peace which culminated in the Oslo Accords
Six Day War – 1967 War Between Israel and its Arab neighbors (Egypt
Jordan
Tower Comission Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagan's first administration
United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1985 to 1988 in the second Reagan administration
Truman Doctrine The idea of containing the Soviet Union (George Kennan)
removed aid from communists
USIA United States agency devoted to "public diplomacy." The term public diplomacy (q.v.) is closely related to the word "propaganda
" possibly synonymous with it depending on how the latter word is defined.
USS Liberty Incident occurred during the Six Day War in 1967
(a conflict between Israel and the Arab states (Egypt
War Powers Act 1917
said that the president could wage war
Washington Institute for Near East Policy founded in 1985 by Martin Indyk
previously research director of the leading pro-Israel lobby
Watergate incident on June 17
1972 when five burglars actually were apprehended in DNC headquarters at the Watergate building
Yassir Arafat Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (1969–2004); President1 of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) (1993–2004); and a co-recipient of the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize alongside Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin
for the successful negotiations of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
Yitzhak Rabin Israeli politician and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel from 1974 until 1977 and again from 1992 until his assassination in 1995 by Yigal Amir
a right-wing activist who had strenuously opposed Rabin's signing of the Oslo Accords
Yom Kippor War Same as October War. between Israel and a coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria....israel wins ....Anwar Sadat in 1972 publicly stated that Egypt was committed to going to war with Israel
Question
Answer
Ahmed Chalabi
"a deputy prime minister in Iraq
AIPAC
"special interest group that lobbies the United States Government on behalf of a strong U.S. - Israel relationship. Describing itself as ""America's Pro-Israel Lobby
Ali Larijani
"Iranian politician
Anthony Zinni
marine general
Anwar Sadat
"third president of Egypt
Ariel Sharon
"current prime minister of Israel
Arms Control
"anything over 25 mil
Ayatollah Khomeini
"and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Baghdad Pact – CTO
"An attempt for Britan to retain control of middle east – nations included Iraq
Black September
"Jordan – 1970 - after the six day war
Brent Scowcroft
United States National Security Advisor under Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush and a Lieutenant General in the United States Air Force. He also served as Military Assistant to President Richard Nixon and as Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs in the Nixon and Ford administrations. He also served as Chairman of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005.
Camp David
of Egypt and Israel met here with Carter
Camp David II
"July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton
Carter Doctrine
which stated that the United States would use military force if necessary to defend its national interests in the Persian Gulf region
Colin Powell
"United States Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice
"66th and current United States Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice was previously Bush's National Security Advisor during his first term (2001–2005). Before joining the Bush administration
she was a Professor of Political Science at Stanford University where she served as Provost from 1993 to 1999"
Desert Shield & Storm
Gulf war 1991...bush sr. whooped ass from the air....nuff said...saddam was left in power
Dimona
"An Israeli nuclear installation is located about ten kilometres to the south of Dimona
Dissident Triangle
"Those people that are trying to blow the whistle on the big contractors and the like
Downing Street Memo
"says US fixed intel...as the ""smoking gun memo""
elite theory
People thought that there was a certain class of people running the gov’t. but by the 70’s this was dispelled
Foundation for Future
just what it sounds...they study it all
Gamal Abdel Nasser
"the second president of Egypt
Geneva Accord of 2003
"he Geneva Accord is a 50-page draft peace agreement created by Israeli left-wing politicians
George Tenet
"Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University and former United States Director of Central Intelligence. He submitted his resignation to the President on June 3
governmental politics model
View of certain key policy makers and the game to come to a deal
groupthink
"A group of people take a stance on an issue and do not let much other opinion in
Hamas
"a militant Palestinian Islamist organization. Its charter
Hans Blix
"Swedish diplomat and politician. He was Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (1978 - 1979). Blix was also the head of the United Nations Monitoring
Henry Kissinger
Secretary of state – under Nixon
Honsi Mubarak
"the fourth President of Egypt for twenty-five years
IAEA
"The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA
Intelligence Oversight Act
"heads of intelligence agencies would keep the oversight committees ""fully and currently informed"" of their activities including ""any significant anticipated intelligence activity. 1980"
intermestic issues
just like it sounds
Intifada
It came into common usage in English as the popularised name for two recent Palestinian campaigns directed at ending the Israeli military occupation. These two uprisings have been significant aspects of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in recent years
Irangate
"Iran-contra affair: Several members of the Reagan Administration engaged in the sale of arms to Iran
President Reagan appeared to the American public and told a national television audience that the United States had not sold weapons to Iran. In a later televised Presidential Address he clarified that facts showed that the administration had
in fact
Irangate
"Iran-contra affair: Several members of the Reagan Administration engaged in the sale of arms to Iran
President Reagan appeared to the American public and told a national television audience that the United States had not sold weapons to Iran. In a later televised Presidential Address he clarified that facts showed that the administration had
in fact
Iron Triangle
"cozy relationships in U.S. politics between the legislature
Jacques Chirac
President of the French Republic...d-bag
John Foster Dulles
"Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era
John Jay Pollard
"former civilian intelligence analyst who pled guilty and was convicted on one count of spying for Israel
John Straw
"British Labour Party politician. He was Home Secretary from 1997-2001
Madeleine Albright
64th United States Secretary of State...the Colin Powell
Madrid Conference
"convened on October 30
Mahmoud Abbas
"President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
"sixth president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. His term began on August 3
Mearsheimer and Walt
that our imbalance toward Israel is causing major problems....they argue however that Iraq was a mistake and that saddam was much more stable than we beleive
Middle East Partnership Initiative
"Part of the State Department...The Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is the Bush Administration's response to calls for change in the Middle East. This Presidential initiative
Mitchell Plan
a plan in 2001 to immediately end the Israeli - Palestinan Violence
Mohammed Khatami
"fifth President of Iran from August 2
Mordechai Vanunu
"Israeli former nuclear technician who revealed details of Israel's nuclear weapons program to the British press in 1986. He was subsequently lured to Rome by an Israeli Mossad agent
National Security Council
principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials
Nixon Doctrine
in response to Vietnam…everyone needs to take care of themselves unless it impacts us
October War
"Same as Yom Kippor War. 1973...between Israel and a coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria....israel wins....Anwar Sadat in 1972 publicly stated that Egypt was committed to going to war with Israel
Oliver North
"member of the Marine Corps who achieved the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He rose to national prominence because of the Iran-Contra Affair
Operation Blue Bat
"President Eisenhower approved the deployment of USAF fighters from Germany to Adana. The crisis quickly abated
Osama Bin Laden
head of al queada..responsible for 9-11. embassy bombings in africa...uss cole. top terrorist of the fbi. still at large.
Osirak
"was a 40 MW light water nuclear materials testing reactor (MTR) in Iraq. It was constructed by the Iraqi government at the Al Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Centre
Oslo Accords
"finalized in Oslo
Yitzhak Rabin
Bill Clinton
Yitzhak Rabin
Bill Clinton
The Oslo Accords were a culmination of a series of secret and public agreements
dating particularly from the Madrid Conference of 1991 onwards
Paul Bremer
"Director of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance for post-war Iraq following the Iraq War of 2003
In his role as head of the Coalition Provisional Authority
he reported only to the U.S. Secretary of Defense and exercised authority over Iraq's civil administration"
Paul D. Wolfowitz
"He is currently the President of the World Bank
Quartet on the Middle East
"a foursome of nations and international and supranational entities involved in mediating the peace process between the State of Israel and the Palestinian National Authority. UN
Rafic Hariri
"self-made billionaire and business tycoon
Rafic Hariri
"self-made billionaire and business tycoon
rational actor model
"assumes that the state is rational
Richard Clarke
"provided national security advice to four U.S. presidents: Ronald Reagan
Sabra and Shatila Massacre
"September 1982 by Lebanese Maronite Christian militias in then-Israeli-occupied Beirut
Schultz Peace Plan
"The Palestinians must be involved in the peace process if it is to mean anything. There isn't any question about that. [But] it's also true there isn't a role in the peace process for people whose tactics are violent and refuse to renounce violence
Seymour Hersh
American Pulitzer Prize winning investigative journalist and author based in New York City. He is a regular contributor to The New Yorker on military and security matters. iran in the new yorker...pullitzer during viet nam
Shimon Peres
"Prime minister after Rabin...Peres won the Nobel Peace Prize together with Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat
Six Day War – 1967 War
"Between Israel and its Arab neighbors (Egypt
Soft power
through cultural and ideological means (carrots and sticks metaphor)
Taba
another conference at Taba about the Israeli-Palestinian
Tal Afar
important city in northern iraq...many battles and such
Tanker Reflagging
When Kuwait reflagged it s tankers in 1987 so that it would not be attacked by Iran during the Iran-Iraq war
Tower Comission
"Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagan's first administration
Tripartite Aggression
Same as Suez Crisis or Suez War...you wrote about this...Nasser and such....the US was all swank wit it. britan france and israel.
Truman Doctrine
"The idea of containing the Soviet Union (George Kennan)
United States Agency for International Development
government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid
USIA
"United States agency devoted to ""public diplomacy."" The term public diplomacy (q.v.) is closely related to the word ""propaganda
USS Liberty Incident
"occurred during the Six Day War in 1967
USS New Jersey
Ship used in the Lebanese Civil War of 1982-1984. Under Regan. We helped protect US marines and interests...heavily fortified ship. We helped the lebanese army.
War Powers Act
"1917
Washington Institute for Near East Policy
"founded in 1985 by Martin Indyk
Watergate
"incident on June 17
Yassir Arafat
"Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (1969–2004); President1 of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) (1993–2004); and a co-recipient of the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize alongside Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
"Israeli politician and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel from 1974 until 1977 and again from 1992 until his assassination in 1995 by Yigal Amir
Yom Kippor War
"Same as October War. between Israel and a coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria....israel wins ....Anwar Sadat in 1972 publicly stated that Egypt was committed to going to war with Israel
Zbigniew Brzezinski
wrote the choice. He served as United States National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1981. He was known for his hawkish foreign policy (more favorable toward armed intervention) at a time when the Democratic Party was increasingly dovish (less favorable toward armed intervention)