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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
established that Congress can create a national bank
McCulloch v. Maryland
reasons why the Framers decided on a bicameral Congress
1. (Historical) past governments were set up this way 2. (Practical) settled conflict between small and large states 3. (Theoretical) two houses designed to check each other
a basic concept of democracy that every person is entitled to when it comes to opportunity and the judicial system
Equality
the powers given to Congress by the Constitution
delegated powers
gives Congress the power to make all laws necessary to carry out its duties
Necessary and Proper Clause
(Elastic Clause)
assistants to the floor leaders in Congress, encourage attendance for voting and to vote with party leadership
Party whips
Senators are elected for ______ years, giving them more job security and national exposure
Six
House of Representative members are only elected for _____ years making them pay closer attention to the needs of the people they serve
Two
Most bills receive their most thorough consideration here
standing committees
Article I
Legislative Branch
tax bills are required to originate here
House of Representatives
term used to define a stalling tactic used to delay or prevent Senate action on a measure. It is an attempt to "talk a bill to death"
filibuster
Article II
Executive Branch
Article III
Judicial Branch
method of ratification for 26 of the amendments
3/4 of state legislatures
the main difference between and treaty and executive agreement
Senate approval
national and state governments share power
Federalism
chooses the method of ratification for an amendment proposal
Congress
example of how Congress informally changed the Constitution
Federal Court System
shows the political parties influence on the Constitution by nominating candidates for the presidency
national convention
Written in broad terms in order to be flexible and allow for changing times
the Constitution
begins with a Preamble followed by 7 articles and 27 amendments
the Constitution
system that allows each branch of Fed. Government to check the power of the other branches
checks and balances
an example of how custom and tradition have changed the Constitution
Cabinet advises the President
the National government is obligated to do this for the states
protect state boundaries and legal existence
state governments help the national government do this
naturalization process
declares that laws, documents, and the results of court cases of one state are valid in all other states
Full Faith and Credit Clause
republican form of government
representative government
type of power used by Congress through the Elastic Clause to create what is necessary to properly exercise the expressed powers
implied powers
the national government has become more involved in this through grants-in-aid
cooperative federalism
agreements that several states can make with one another or with foreign states
Interstate compacts
local government is considered this in our federal system
subunit of state government
can only be granted by the state where the person is a legal resident to receive full faith and credit by other states
divorce
stipulates that no State can make unreasonable distinctions between its own and another State's residents
Privileges and Immunities Clause
the national governments power to coin money is
an expressed power
the power to tax is shared by the national government and the states
concurrent power
allows the national government to claim implied powers for itself
Necessary and Proper Clause
putting duties on exports is an example of an action expressly denied the
National Government
the power to make laws
legislative power
the power to execute, enforce and administer laws
executive power
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning and settle disputes
judicial power
Popular Sovereignty, Limited Government, Checks and Balances, Separation of Powers, Judicial Review, Federalism
The Basic Principles of the Constitution
to form and more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty
6 Goals of the Constitution