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103 Cards in this Set

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_______ revelation is bound by time and space
particular
Any disclosure of God's person or will historically given to a particular person or group of persons
particular revelation
Indiscriminately given to all men and thus universal in character
creational (or general) revelation
Theophanies
visible manifestations of the presence of God
Ways in which God has revealed himself throughout iblical history
Theophanies
Visions, trances and dreams
Urim and Thummim
Lots
Miracles
Angelic messengers
Audible speech
Prophetic oracle
Events
God's particular revelation is ___________ and ___________
historical and progressive
Types of Revelation
1. Historical revelation
2. Revelation through inspired speech
3. The revelation of Christ
4. Scripture
5. Word and Spirit
____________ sums up and makes sense of all Revelation
The Revelation of Christ
Calvin's two-fold use of the notion of accommodation
Accommodation to our creatureliness; accommodation to our sinful corruption
Bavink quote
The essence of the Christian religion is this: that the creation of the Father, devestated by Sin, is restored in the death of the Son of God, and recreated by the Holy Spirit into the kingdom of God.
Calvin's paraphrase of Romans 1 concerned to establish two things
1. There is no way for fallen man to offer an excuse before God.
2. There is no way for fallen man to know God apart from Scripture
The primacy of the Holy Spirit
1. The H.S. witnesses to Christ
2. The same Spirit guides God's people into all truth
3. The same Spirit convicts the world of sin.
The marks of Scripture are
Necessity
Infallibility
Sufficiency
Perpiscuity
Authority/Finality
Describe "necessity" as a mark of scripture
The gospel, as it is presented in scripture, is necessary for redemption
Describe "sufficiency" as a mark of scripture
The OT and NT contain everything necessary to lead us to Christ and guide us in our response to Him
Describe "perspicuity" as a mark of scripture
That which is necessary for salvation is available in Scripture by due use of ordinary means and as such it is available to all.
Describe "infallibility" as a mark of scripture
Scripture is both truthful and faithful to achieve its purpose.
Describe "authority" as a mark of scripture
Scripture is to be heard/believed because of God's essential character.
Sola Scriptura
Only the Word coming to us as Scripture can open us up to the fullness of God's revelation
Scripture as the norm of norms
Scripture is the one standard by which our faith must be analyzed. Not the ONLY norm, but the norm above all else.
The 3-fold Word is
Creation, Scripture, Christ
What is the dynamic relation between general revelation and Scripture?
1. Both are authoritative and equally true
2. Creation and Scripture inform one another
3. A matter of interpretation

We can't understand scripture's revelational word apart from scripture!
Theopneustos
God-breathed. Expired rather than inspired.
The doctrine of inspiration says
a. God is the source of Scripture
b. Scripture is a verbal extension of Gods character
Plenary inspiration
ALL of scripture, not just part, is inspired
Verbal inspiration
The very words of scripture, not just the ideas, are inspired.
Cessationism
The gift of prophecy became complete with the giving of the canon
Continualism
Prophecy continues with new revelations of the Spirit
The taxonomy of inerrancy positions
Absolute Inerrancy
Full Inerrancy
Limited Inerrancy
Inerrancy of Purpose
Inspired (but not inerrant)
Non-Propositional
Definition of Inerrancy
Exempt from error, free from mistake, infalliable
View of Inerrancy: Absolute Inerrancy
The Bible is fully and exacty true in all areas: theological, historical, and scientific
View of Inerrancy: Full Inerrancy
The Bible is phenomenological (seen from human point of view) in terms of science and history
View of Inerrancy: Limited Inerrancy
Scientific and Historic references in Bible were subject to the limitations of the time. It may on these issues be falliable.
View of Inerrancy: Inerrancy of Purpose
The Bible faithfully accomplishes its purpose but is not about truths and facts
View of Inerrancy: Inspired
The bible is inspired but not inerrant. It has all the shortcomings of human nature. There may therefore even be doctrinal errors.
View of Inerrancy: Non-propisitional
Revelation is by acts/deeds, not words/propositions.
Inspiration is related to _______, Inerrancy is related to _________,
Inspiration is related to authority, Inerrancy is related to truthfulness,
Sola Scriptura vs. Catholic view
Catholic: church is necessary, tradition is sufficient (vs. Scripture/Scripture)
Clarity is dependent upon the teaching of the Church (vs. the Spirit) and the Church (vs. scripture) is the ultimate authority
The term "innerancy" first began to be used by
Warfield and Hodge, around the turn of the century. However, the idea is ancient and is found in Augustine in the early 5th century as he is speaking of the full truthfulness and reliability of Scripture.
Inerrancy is a reaction to
the Higher Critical Method, which presupposes Rene Descartes' principle of Critical Doubt (all assertions must be doubted until proven true by reason.)
Mentioned the idea of innerrancy in the early 5th century
Augustine's letter to Jerome
If the Bible were capable of error, it would then be subject to
correction by some other authority
The traditional exigetical task has always been comprised of these three actions:
Determine the text
Exegete the text
Apply the text
If we don't believe in innerancy, this step must be added to the exigetical task:
Adjudicate the truthfulness of the text
What holds Scripture together making it a coherent, unified revelation? (Use Bavinck quote)
The essence of the Christian religion consists in this, that the creation of the Father, devastated by sin, is restored in the death of the Son of God, and re-created by the Holy spirit into the kingdom of God. (Herman Bavink)
What hold's Scripture together making it a coherent, unified revelation? (Use Calvin quote)
The Bible is the story of 'God's works in our world on our behalf.' (John Calvin)
The fundemental elements of story:
Introduction
Conflict
Resolution
Conclusion
The biblical story line:
Creation
Fall
Redemption
Consummation
Calvin's 2 orders
The order of creation
The order of sin and redemption
Structure is
What God has made, God's intention for His creation.
The thing itself.
Direction is
The response character of what God has made.
Both distortion and perversion, and redemption.
The use or misuse of the thing.
_________ does not belong to the structure of things
Sin
Sin attaches to ____________ and misdirects it.
structure
The world, as God's creation, remains __________.
good
As imago dei man is
the representative head over the earthly creation
Sin results in
man's alienation from God
man's alienation from man
man's alienation from creation
Generally, the biblical words for grace mean simply
favor
In the NT the word __________ takes on a decidedly redemptive meaning, thus referring to the divinely initiated and effected solution to the problem of sin.
doxa
The goal of grace is
the removal of sin and the restoration of creation
The purpose of redemption
is not first of all to fit us for a life in heaven, rather it is firstly to restore us to a proper obedience and for a life of service in the world.
Shalom is connected to the OT idea of
Redemption.
Shalom denotes
health and prosperity.
Redemption means
to buy back or free
Reconciliation means
a return to relationship after alienation or estrangement
Renewal means
to be restored
Salvation means
a returning to health or security after a time of sickness or danger
Regeneration means
to be born again; to return to life or be renewed
The biblical language of redemption includes the ideas of
Shalom, redemption, reconciliation, renewal, salvation, regeneration
The biblical God is not one who rescues souls from a damned world, He is
the God who fixes/restores
A biblical understanding of redemption
doesn't narrow the scope of Grace to a purely personal one
The goal of redemption is:
the recreation of the cosmos into the kingdom of God (consummation)
__________ and ___________ are crucial for our understanding of the meaning of redemption
The incarnation and the resurrection
Two false conclusions about redemption:
1)The pietistic reduction of redemption to man
2)The universalist broadening to a redemption of all men.
Consummation is
The goal of redemption: The recreation of the cosmos into the kingdom of God
Eisogesis
the meaning we read into the biblical text
Exegisis
the meaning we read from the biblical text
The hermeneutical circle is
the relation between how we understand the parts and the whole, using what we know about the whole to interpret the parts, and vice versa
Reader presuppositions for interpretation
Reading is an act of interpretation
Reading is a dynamic activity
Good questions to ask of a text
What genre?
What is the author's intention?
What is the structure of the discussion?
How should the reader respond?
(Genre, Intention, Structure, Response)
Presupositions about reading scripture. The Bible
1.is authoratative/reliable
2.has a particular content
3.is a unified Word
4.is a written revelation
5.is read in translation
6.is a historical revelation
7.is a revelation which is historically removed from us
8.is a progressive revelation
9.is a redemptive revelation
10.proclaims through a number of literary genres
11.is God's Word to us
The Bible has particular content in these senses:
a. The Bible is revelation
b. The author means to communicate something
Two kinds of questions to help us arrive at the author's meaning:
What does he intend to say? (authorial intention)
How would the original audience have understood the text?
What is the objective control of exegisis?
authorial intention
The primary maxim of exegesis
A text cannot mean something contrary to what the author intended it to mean.
A text must mean these two things:
What the author intended it to mean and what the original audience would have understood it to mean.
The analogy of faith (or the analogy of scripture)
One must respect the whole of Scripture when handling any part of it. The exegesis of any passage must be tested by the teaching of the rest of Scripture. Scripture interprets Scripture.
Sensus literalis
The natural meaning of the text
Because the Bible is written revelation, we must pay attention to
a. particulararities of language
b. context
c. sensus literalis
d. Reformatin criticism of allegorical interpretation
e. Grammatical interpretation
f. don't absolutize grammar
The commitment to working with the Biblical text in the original languages came from
the time of the Reformation
All translations are
Interpretations
Translation strategies
Formal equivalence
Paraphrase
Dynamic equivalence
The hermeneutical question:
What happened? What did God do?
Because the Bible is written revelation, we must consider
a. particulararities of language
b. context
c. sensus literalis
d. Reformation criticism of allegorical interpretation
e. Grammatical interpretation
f. don't absolutize grammar
The commitment to working with the Biblical text in the original languages came from
the time of the Reformation
All translations are
Interpretations
Translation strategies
Formal equivalence
Paraphrase
Dynamic equivalence
The hermeneutical question:
What happened? What did God do?
Distantiation
The inherent distance between the writer of the text and ourselves.
Literalism is
usually a vice rather than a virture, for it imposes an extra-biblical stricture upon the text.
The biblical story moves from implicit to explicit, anticipation to realization, promise to fulfillment.
The Bible is progressive revelation.
____________ is an internal interpretive principle.
Typology
The Bible has a ___________ and __________ focus.
theocentric
redemptive
Because the Bible is God's Word to us, we should ask:
WHAT is God's Word for us?
How should we respond to this text?