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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cognitive knowledge
Liberal subjectivism thinks of theology as
the study of the human religious consciousness
Evangelical objectivism (or relativism) thinks of theology as
the divinely given content of the knowledge of God without objective or human response
Revelation is (as opposed to Theology)
God’s declaration of His character, ways, and will within creaturely existence. Who God is.
Theology is (as opposed to Revelation)
a disciplined, extra-biblical reflection upon revelation and the people of God’s historic response to revelation. Something we do.
Anselm of Canterbury said Theology is
Faith seeking understanding
________________ has a normative priority over our theological insights, conclusions, and systems
_______________ always has a status that is less binding than revelational certainties
Doctrine is the __________ of the Christian religion
Doctrine is ____________ to biblical revelation
Apologetics are argument
for or on behalf of a right belief
Polemics are argument
against a false belief
The goal of theological study
Theology is a disciplined study, which seeks to proclaim the Christian faith by focusing upon God’s revelation and the church’s historic response to that revelation
Biblical knowing involves
Knowing who (sapientia), Knowing that (scientia), Knowing how (praxis)
John Frame's definition of theology
"The application of God's word by persons to all areas of life."
* Definitions and descriptions of Theology in the early church
SAPIENTIA:wisdom: personal relational knowledge: Augustine
SCIENTIA:cognitive knowledge:organized body of knowledge:Greek idea
PRAXIS:ethics:things to be done:enlightenment's overeaction to a purely cognitive definition of theology
Anselm's definition of theology
"Faith seeking understanding"
* Need and purpose of theology
Catechteics (discipleship); thinking through our faith to help us grow and to refute heresy (apologetics and polemics); correcting our misconceptions
* The Goal of theological study
Theology is a disciplined study, which seeks to proclaim the Christian faith by focusing upon God’s revelation and the church’s historic response to that revelation. Good theology proclaims the truth about Jesus but it also explores the significance of that truth for our lives.
Exegetical theology
relies primarily on a literary analysis: what does the text say and what does the text mean. Phrase by phrase, sentence by sentence. Language culture and history are his tools.
Biblical theology
the history of God’s dealings with creation. The history of redemption. Also looking at text but looking for historical story or drama behind the text. The mighty acts of God.
Historical theology
focuses on the history of God’s people and their engagement with scripture. History of interpretation and confessional history of church. What did Luther say. Not looking at the text itself but at how God's people have interpreted and responded to it.
Systematic theology
asks what does it all add up to – tries to bring the other branches together. Looks at texts, theologians, etc.
Practical (or Pastoral) theology
Any theology well done is practical: its goal is biblically enlightened faith and obedience. Concentrates on the ministries of the church: preaching, teaching, counseling, etc.
Branches of Systematic theology
Exegetical, biblical, historical, systematic, practical (or pastoral)
Characteristics of Systematic theology
Synthetic, Topical, Contextual, Prescriptive
* Revelatio
Latin word meaning "uncovering, laying bare" used in the Vulgate to render the Greek work apokalypsis (disclosure) - typically used in the N.T. to denote the unveiling of hidden truths about God, cosmos, and future.
* Revelation
Derived from Latin revelation. The disclosure of knowledge to man. General and Special revelation.
* Apokalypsis
Greek word typically used in the N.T. to denote the unveiling of hidden truths about God, cosmos, and future.
* Sensus divitatis
The "awareness of deity" God has made us with the knowledge that God exists and that we are morally accountable to Him.
* Vestigia
Undeniable traces of God. Augustine said God displays "innumerable evidences and unmistakable marks of his glory" within the universe.
* semen religionis"
The "seed of religion" - God has made us such that we are receptive to His revelation.
* Compare general and special revelation
1)God reveals Himself to us.
2)Man is the reciever.
General revelation is
Revelation through creation, providence, and moral conciousness.
* Contrast general and special revelation
Special or particular revelation is given to a specific person or group of persons while general revelation is gven to all men and is thus universal in character.
Special revelation is
Any disclosure of God's person or will historically given to a particular person or group of persons
Ways God has revealed Himself throughout History
Theophanies, visions, urim and thummim, lots, miracles, angelic messengers, audible speech, prophetic oracles, events
Particular revelation began
before the fall when God walked and talked with Adam
When scripture speaks of an inspired word it is speaking of
A word which originates from and is commissioned by God.
Natural Religion is
the idea that one can come to true and sufficient knowledge of God through an examination of creation and through human reason.
* Calvin's view of Natural Religion
From his study of Romans 1:19-23, Calvin concluded that if fallen man were left to himself, he would never arrive at the true god. Natural reason can never guide man to God. He said creational revelation renders us inexcusable, but can't lead us to God.
* The nature and function of Revelation as relates to our life and ministry
General revelation evidences God and makes us restless (Augustine's restless heart) provides a point of contact with fallen man for the saving revelation of the gospel.