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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Aquinas’ list of attributes. God is
pure actuality, immutable, impassible, infinite and invisible, eternal, omniscient, omnipresent, simple, necessary, underived, omnipotent
Calvinism contextualized to a later time period, as original Calvinism was addressing the issues of 16th C. Genevan culture.
the most essential part of something, without which the thing ceases to be
Language relevant to God which says that God and man stand at such a distance that human language is at best vague and approximate
Equivocal language
Language relevant to God which presupposes a substantial commonality between God and man with a number of shared qualities including being, rationality, and language.
Univocal language.
Analogical language relevant to God
moral, rational, or functional analogy.
Names of God
shorthand for everything He is. Elohim – Generic for “God”, Yahweh – personal name “Father”
Deeds of God
God’s actions and works as part of His identity
Traits of God
roles, both analogical and social
Personality of God
God has personhood
all governing- directed, personal and particular power
unqualified, universal power
Potentia Absoluta
medieval theological term meaning absolute potential.
also known as soft determinism, is a theory that suggests that free will and determinism are in fact compatible. God works through means. Man is free AND God is sovereign.
term meaning all governing, in a directed personal and particular way of speaking of God’s power.
character trait
a self-conscious being, able to choose and interact
an incorporeal person, not limited by bodily or physical reality
totally independent, not deriving life or authority from any other source.
God is other than His creation
God is free from all moral impurity
God is faithful in his nature and character, He is immutable.
Names for God meaning All-powerful
El Shaddai and Pantokrator
God is infinite without respect to time
God knows all things accurately and exhaustively. He is Omniscient.
God does not sin. He is law-giver, judge, concerned for the oppressed and down-trodden and His righteousness brings salvation.
God is divinely benevolent, dealing generously with His creatures.
Atemporal eternality
Atemporalism. Time in no way applies to God and He holds history in one glance. Man exists in time, but God in eternity. View held by Boethius, Anthenasius, Aquinas, Augustine.
Endless temporality
Temporalism. A recent position saying there is sequence within God. He remembers the past and anticipates the future. Temporalists argue that atemporalism makes it impossible for God to work in the World.
The problem of monotheism
the early church struggled with how to affirm monotheism in light of God’s revelation in Jesus Christ
Christological view which says that there was a specific time at which God conferred a special relationship on Christ
Christological view which says that the Father is the Son and the Son is the Father
Christological view which says that the Father is greater than the Son
Christological view which says that there are two Lords
Types of Adoptionism
Ebionism, Dynamic Monarchianism
Types of Identity
Modalistic Monarchianism, Sabelliunism
a form of Pharisaic Jewish Christianity. Saw Jesus as natural son of Joseph and Mary, with an exemplary, rather than redemptive mission.
Dynamic Monarchianism
held by some gentile Christians who, like the Ebionites, strongly defended monotheism . Their commitment to monotheism came more from rationalist presuppositions than from the O.T. Said that God is a simple being and that there was a radical transcendence between the spiritual and the material.
Modalistic Monarchianism
fundamental commitments to divine simplicity, unity of God, and deity of Christ (though they saw distinctions within God as merely apparent, not ontological – different ways of speaking about the same reality.
Modalistic monarchianist who said that God projects himself in different ways according to historical circumstances
Modalistic monarchianist who said that if Christ is God then he must be identical with the Father
view (held by Sabellius and other modalistic monarchianists) that said that the Father actually suffered the passion.
Creational analogies used by the modalistic monarchianists
Ontological analogy (sun), historical analogy (Old Test era, Gospel era, Epistolary era), economic-function analogy (creator and law-giver, redeemer, sanctifier and glorifier)
Tertullian’s modalistic analogy
steam, liquid, ice
Tertullian’s word for the three persons of the godhead
one of Tertullian’s contributions to the Trinitarian lexicon having the same denotation as Greek prosopon: mask/role
one of Tertullian’s contributions to the Triniatrian lexicon meaning substance/essence/stuff
Bishop of Carthage, died 225, first thinker to write in Latin, wanted to think in biblical rather than philosophical terms. Said God was one substantia in three personas. Example of Distinction approach to understanding trinity.
3rd century Roman writer who shared Tertullian’s anti-philosophical bias. Said there is no separation within God, but there is distinction. Said God’s oneness is prior to his threeness. The persons of the trinity are “capable of being counted.” Example of distinction approach to understanding trinity.
Said the persons of the trinity are “capable of being counted.”
Third century thinkers who said God is three at one time
Tertullian and Hippolytus
3rd century Alexandrian thinker who followed in the tradition of Justin Martyr and the Logos philosophy of middle Platonism as developed by Philo. Example of Derivation or Subordinationism. Started with the monarchy of the Father and said all divinity derives from the Father, but believed in an ontological trinity. One ousia in three hypostases.
Derivation may also be called
greek term for being or subtance - commonly held essence
term meaning being or reality – sometimes translated as “person” identity
said that the Son was the first of all creatures: tertium quid
in general, the belief that the godhead is singular
Dynamic monarchianism may also be called
Modalistic monarhianism may also be called
Council of Nicea date
Council of Nicea players
Constantine, Alexander of Alexandria, Eusebius, Hosious
Probably wrote the Nicean creed
Hosious of Cordova, emperor Constantine’s theological expert at Nicea
the Son is of the same essence of the father
Athanasius of Alexandria
succeeded Alexander and championed Nicean orthodoxy.
Tertullian and Hippolytus
Third century thinkers representing the Distinction approach to understanding the trinity.