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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
allegory
a work that functions on a symbolic level
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
allusion
a reference contained in a work
X anapest
a metrical pattern of two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable
antagonist
the force of character tha topposes the main character, the protagonist
apostrophe
direct address in poetry. yeat's line "be with me Beauty, for the fire is dying" is a good example
aside
words spoken by an actor intended to be heard by the audience but not by other characters on stage
X aubade
a love poem set at dawn which bids farewell to the beloved
ballad
a simple narrative poem, often incorporating dialogue that is written in quatrains, genereally with a rhyme scheme of ABCD
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter. most of shakespeare's plays are in this form
cacophony
harsh and discordant sounds in a line or a passage of a literary work
* caesura
a break or pause within a line of poetry indicated by punctuation and used to emphasice meaning
catharsis
accordint to aristotle, the release of emotion that the audience of a tragedy experiences
pity fear
character
one who carries out hte action of the plot in literature. major, minor, static (remains the same), and dynamic (developing) are types of characters.
climax
the turning point of action or character in a literary work, usually the highest moment of tension
comic relief
the inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast iwth the tragic elements of a work, thereby itensifyting hte next tragic event: grave digger scene
conflict
a clash between opposing foces in a literary work, such as man vs. man; man vs. nature; man vs. self
connotation
the interpretive level of a word based on its associated meaning rather than its leiteral meaning
convention
a traditional aspect of a literary ork such as a soliloquy in a shakespearean play or a tragic hero in a greek tragedy
couplet
two lines of rhyming poetry; often used by shakespeare to conclude a scene or an important passage
denotation
the literarl or dictionary meaning of a word
denouement
the conclusion or tying up of loose ends in a literary work; the resolution of the conflict and plot
X deus ex machina
a greek invention, literally the god from the machine, who appears at the last moment and resolves the loose ends of the play. today the term refers to anyone, usually of some stature, who untangels, resolves, or reveals the key to the plot of a work.
diction
the author's choice of words
dramatic monologue
a type of poem that presents a conversation between a speaker and an implied listener
elegy
a poem that laments the dead or a loss
enjambment
a technique in poetry that involves the running on of a line or stanza. it enables the poem to move and to develop coherence as well as directing the reader with regard to form and meaning.
epic
a lengthy, elevated peom that celebrates a hero's exploits
epigram
a brief witty poem
euphony
the pleasant, melliflous presentation of sounds in a literary work
exposition
background information presented in a literary work
fable
a simple symbolic story usually employing animals as characters
figurative language
the body of devices that allows the author to operate on levels other than the literal one. metaphor, simile, symbol, motif, hyperbole
flashback
a device that enables the author to refer back to past thoughts, events, episodes
foot
a metrical unit in poetry; a syllabic measure of line
foreshadowing
hints of future events in a literary work
form
the shape or structure of a literary work
free verse
poetry without a defined meter, rhyme scheme, or form
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
iamb
a metrical foot consisting of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one; the most common poetic foot in the English language
idyll
a type of lyric poetry that expresses the virtues of an ideal time or place
image
a verbal approximation of a sensory impression, concept, or emotion
imagery
the total effect of relatied sensory images in a work of literature
impressionism
writing that reflects a personal image of a character, event, or concept
irony
an unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was intended/expected to happen. it involves dialogue and situation, and it can be intentional or unplanned. Dramatic irony centers around the ignorance of htose involved whicle the audience is aware of the circumstances.
lyric poetry
a type of poetry characterized by emotion, personal feelings, and brevity; a large and inclusive category of poetry that exhibits rhyme, meter, and reflective thought
metaphor
a direct comparison between disimilar things
metaphysical poetry
type of poetry that employs extended metaphors and paradoxes to explore highly complex, philosophical ideas: John Donne
meter
a pattern of beats in poetry
metonymy
a figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea "the pen is mightier than the sward"
monologue
a speech given by own character
motif
the repetition or variations of an image or idea in a work which is used to develop theme or characters
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
narrator
the speaker in a literary work
octave
an eight line stanza, usually combined with a sestet in a petrarchan sonnet
ode
a formal, lengthy poem that celebrates a particular subject
onomatopoeia
words that sound like the sound they represent bang bang choo choo
oxymoron
an image of contradictory terms (bittersweet, giant economy size, pretty ugly)
parable
a story that operates on omore than one level and usually teaches a moral lesson
parallel plot
a secondary story line that mimics and reinforces the main plot
lyric poetry
a type of poetry characterized by emotion, personal feelings, and brevity; a large and inclusive category of poetry that exhibits rhyme, meter, and reflective thought
metaphor
a direct comparison between disimilar things
metaphysical poetry
type of poetry that employs extended metaphors and paradoxes to explore highly complex, philosophical ideas: John Donne
meter
a pattern of beats in poetry
metonymy
a figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea "the pen is mightier than the sward"
monologue
a speech given by own character
motif
the repetition or variations of an image or idea in a work which is used to develop theme or characters
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
narrator
the speaker in a literary work
octave
an eight line stanza, usually combined with a sestet in a petrarchan sonnet
ode
a formal, lengthy poem that celebrates a particular subject
onomatopoeia
words that sound like the sound they represent bang bang choo choo
oxymoron
an image of contradictory terms (bittersweet, giant economy size, pretty ugly)
parable
a story that operates on omore than one level and usually teaches a moral lesson
parallel plot
a secondary story line that mimics and reinforces the main plot
parody
a comic imitation of a work that ridicules the oriinal
pathos
the aspects of a literary work that elicit pity fromthe audience
personification
the assigning of human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts
plot
a sequence of events in a literary work
point of view
the method of narration in a work
protagonist
the hero or main character of a literary work; the character the audience sympathizes with
quatrain
a four line stanza
resolution
the denoument of a literary work
rhetorical question
a questio nthat does not expect an explicit answer. used to pose an idea to be considred by audience or speaker
rhyme/rime
the udplicaion of final syllable sounds in two or more lines
rhythm
the rpetitive pattern of beats in poetry
romanticism
a style or movement of litearture that has as its foundation an interest in freedom, adventure, idealism, and escape
satire
a mode of writing based on ridicule, which criticizes the foibles and follies of society w/o necessarily offering a solution
sestet
a six line stanza usually paired iwht an octave to form a petrarchan sonnet
sestina
a highly structure poetic form of 39, written in iambic pentameter. it depends upon the repetition of six words from the first stanza in each of six stanzas
setting
the time and place of a literary work
simile
an indirect comparison that uses the words like or as to link the differing items in the comparison
soliloquy
a speech in a play which is used to reveal the character's inner thoughts to the audience
sonnet
a 14 line poem with a perscribed rhyme scheme in imambic pentameter
spondee
a poetic foot consisting of two accented syllables
stage direction
the specific instruction a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.
stanza
a unit of a poem similar in rhyme, meter, and length to other units in the poem
structure
the organizaiton and form of a work
style
the unique way an author presents his ideas. diction syntax imagery structure and content all contribute to a particular style
subplot
a secondary plot that explores ideas differnt from the main storyline
symbol
something in a literary work that stands for something else
synecdoche
a figure of speech that uitlizes a part as a representative of a whole "all hands on deck"
syntax
the grammatical structure of prose and peotry
tercet
a three line stanza
theme
the underlying ideas that hte author illustrates through characterization, motifs, language, plot, etc.
tone
the author's attitude toward his subject
tragic hero
according to aristotle, a basically good person of noble birth or exalted position who has a fatal flaw or commits an error in judgement which leads him to his downfall. The tragic hero must have a moment of realization and live and suffer.
understatement
the oppositve of exaggeration. it is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
villanelle
a highly structured poetic form that comprises six stanzas: five tercets, and a quatrain. the poem repeats the 1st and 3rd lines throughout.