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47 Cards in this Set

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atrophy
wasting away; a reduction in the size of cell, tissue, organ,or other body part due to a variety of fatorys such as malnutrition and/or ischemia.
autonomic
self-controlling, self-governing; fuctionally independent
Bactrim DS
trade name for a combination antibiotic and sulfonamide anti-infective used for urinary tract, respiratory tract, and ear infections.
bruit
a sound or murmur heard on auscultation, especially an abnormal one; primarily used in the plural, bruits
BUN
abbreviation for blood urea nitrogen (lab test done on blood)
carotid
the main artery on either side of the neck that supplies blood to the head and neck.
CBC
abbreviation for complete blood count.
cholecystectomy
surgical removal of the gallbladder
corpora amylacea
small hyaline masses of degenerate cells found in the prostate
creatinine
a waste product of protein metabolism excreted in the urine; a blood test to check kidney function.
cystourethroscope
a instrument used to examine the urinary bladder and posterior urethra.
cystourethroscopy
process of examining the urinary bladder and posterior urethra
diverticulum
an abnormal, circumscribed pouch or sac in the intestinal wall
dysuria
painful or difficult urination.
efflux
a flowing out or emanating
electrocardiogram (EKG)
a graphic tracing of the electrical changes in the heart muscle
Foley catheter
a catheter placed in the bladder and retained by a balloon for thepurpose of draining urine from the bladder, trade name.
French scale
a scale used for indicating the size of catheters and other tubular instruments, based on a measurement of each unit being approximately equivalent to 0.33 mm in diameter; ie., 1 mm = #3 French
gastrointestinal
pertaining to the stomach and intestine.
granuloma
a tumorlike mass or nodule consisting of granulation tissue
granulomatous
composed of granulomata
hyperplasia
an abnormal increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ
hypotension
abnormally low blood pressure
Hytrin
trade name for terazosin, an antihypertensive drug
induration
the quality of tissue or an organ being hard; the process of hardening
indwell
to dewll in; reside within
lithiasis
the formation of calculi or mineral concentrations within the body
lithotomy
incision of a duct or organ, often the urinary bladder,m for removal of calculi (stones)
optic fundi
pertaining the back of the interior of the eyes.
orifice
the opening of any cavity in the body
orthostatic
pertaining to or caused by an upright position
prostate
a gland in the male that surrounds the neck of the urinary bladder and the urethra
prothrombin
a factor in the blood plasma that combines with calcium to form thrombin during blood clotting
PTT
partial thromboplastin time; one laboratory test to determine how fast the blood clots
rale
an abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, indicating some pathologic condition; primarily used in the plural form; rales
renal
pertaining to the kidneys
resect
to surgically remove part of an organ or tissue
resectoscope
an endoscopic instrument used for transurethral removal or biopsy of .esions of the bladder, prostate, or urethra
sphincter
a ring-shaped muscle that can open or close a natural orifice by expanding or contracting.
splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen
stroma
the supporting tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its functional element
trabeculate
marked with cross bars
trabeculation
the formation of trabeculae (strands of connective tissue) in a part
transurethral resection (TUR)
a surgical procedure to relieve urinary obstruction by reaming out the enlarged part of the gland that is encroaching on the urethra and blocking the outflow of urine.
van Buren sounds
surgical instruments used to dilate a structure or to detect ta foreign body, named after Dr. William van Buren
void
to eliminate as waste matter
wheeze
an abnormal whistling sound made during respiration.