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23 Cards in this Set

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Post-colonial Economies
settler: ex. Canada
non-settler: ex. India
mixed: South Africa
Post-colonial "Worlds"
First: developed industrial-capitalist nations: cold war allies of US (West)
Second: communist/socialist nations (allies of USSR)
Third: impoverishd, dependent post-colonial nations (South)
Fourth: Indigenous peoples within 'other' nation-states.
world system theory
societies are parts of an interrelated system that is global, capitalist and industrial.
cheap labour and raw materials from periphery to Core and Semi periphery in exchange for high profit consumption goods.
Modernization/ Westernization
Social change that development brings about:
-industrial and large-scale farming and agribusiness
-wage labour
-urbanization
-civic planning
-nucleur family etc
neocolonializm
post-colonial "fates" of the colonies and colonizers remain interdependent. continued cultural dominance of the colonizers or a more generalized "west"
continued economic oppresion.
cultural imperialism
imposition, dominance or control of one culture over others, owing to its greater socioeconomic and political power
results in change or destruction of original cultures
invention
aka innovation
indigenous development of new ideas/practices/technologies
diffusion
more prevalent form
spread via cultural contract of new ideas/practices/technologies
modernization
process of directed social change aka development
assumes that the West in modernized and other nations and people should become modern
globalization
ever-increasing reshaping of local conditions by powerful global forces
-Space-time compression
-Multilocality
-cosmopolitanism
-consumerism
Global scapes
Ethnoscapes: flow of people
Technoscapes: goods
Mediascapes: images
Financescapes: money
Ideoscapes: ideas
Cultural homogenization
local cultures are losing their unique features in being forced to participate in Western markets, goods, ideologies, languages to trade.
Cultural hybridity
differences of local places are re-emphasized against global processes of Western economic development and local peoples are active.
anti globalization
hedgemony: internalization of dominant/core values (gramsci)
resistance: public and hidden transcript (scott)
MNC/TNC
multi/trans national corporations
SEZ
special economic zones
The Marshall Plan
European Recovery Program initiated post-war to help war-damaged european countries economically through &12 bil.
development aims
improve social justice and human rights
address inequality and security
restore self-sufficiency/reduce dependancy
outsourcing
when large Western companies run their factories in other countries providing cheap labour for the locals and receiving much profit.
developmental problems
exacerbates inequalities in worlds system
overinnovation: excessive social change
underdifferentitation: one-size fits all approach
environmentally unsustainable
Dependancy
South depends on the North for economic income while North depends on the South for cheap labour etc.
Development of north is supported by the underdevelopment of the south
impacts of globalization and development on indigenous and non-western peoples
environmentally unsustainable, overinnovation and underdifferentiation
anthropological contributions to development
do not judge but care for these cultures. support basic needs (water, shelter, food, opportunity) and human rights.
culturally relative, holistic,