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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Absolutism
political system in which autocratic rulers have complete authority over the government and the lives of people in their nations
Acid Rain
toxic mixture that is produced when rain falls through polluted air
African National Congress
group formed by opponents to apartheid in South Africa that encouraged political activism by blacks
Agrarian Revolution
change in farming methods in the 1600s that improved the quality and quantity of farm products
Agribusiness
large commercial farm owned by multinational corporation
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Allied Powers
World War I alliance of Britain, France, and Russia, later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
Animism
the belief that every living and nonliving thing in nature has a spirit
antibiotic
drug that attacks or weakens the bacteria that causes many diseases
anti-semitism
prejudice against Jews
apartheid
South African government policy calling for separation of the races
appeasement
policy of giving in to an aggressors demands in order to keep the peace
apprentice
young person who is learning a trade from a master
aqueduct
bridgelike stone structure that brings water from hills to cities, first used by ancient Romans
Arabic Numeral
type of numeral first developed in India and used by many western countries today (1,2,3, etc)
Aristocracy
a government ruled by an upper class
armistice
agreement to end fighting
Association Of Southeast Asian Nations
formed in 1967, group of nine southeast Asian countries that coordinate polices among members in areas such as trade and agriculture
astrolabe
instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars
asylum
protection from arrest or being returned to a dangerous place from which one fled
autocrat
a single ruler with complete authority
balance of power
distribution of political and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
Bataan Death March
forced march of Allied prisoners by the Japanese during World War II
bible
the sacred scriptures of Christianity
blitz
massive bombing
Boer War
war occurring from 1899 to 1902 between the British and the Boers, Dutch farmers; it began after the British tried to annex the Boer republics
Bolshevik
member of 1917 Russian Revolutionary group
Boxer Rebellion
event in 1900 in which a group known as boxers assaulted foreign communities across China
Brahman
single unifying spirit of Hindu Belief
bubonic plague
a contagious disease that devastated the world in the 1300s
bureaucracy
system of managing governments through departments run by appointed officials
bushido
code of conduct for samurai during feudal period in Japan
caliph
successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
calligraphy
fine handwriting
capitalism
economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit
cartel
an association of businesspeople; used to refer to the criminal gangs that produce and smuggle drugs internationally
cartographer
mapmaker
cash crop economy
economy based on the raising and selling of one crop or a small number of crops
caudillo
military dictator in Latin America