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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Describe the New Kingdom's Geography (Territory)
The New Kingdom's Territory was...

-Located near a river (the Nile)
-Surrounded by natural barriers (cataracts on the Nile River and Sahara Desert)
-Very fertile soil (silt from flooding of the Nile River)
-Egypt was split into 2 parts (Upper and Lower Egypt)
What Were Advantages of Making an Empire Next to a River?
Being settled next to the Nile River Provided...

-Natural Irrigation
-Rich Soil (provided from Silt after a Nile River flood)
-Trade and Transportation was made easy with the Nile
What Were Disadvantages of Making an Empire Next to a River?
Disadvantages of settling next the the Nile River included...

-River Flooding (*Note:* River Flooding was VERY predictable)
Describe the Hittite Empire's Geography (Territory)
The Hittite Empire's Territory was...

-Located near multiple rivers (which provided easy transportation)
-Surrounded by natural barriers
-Abundant in agricultural and Mineral resources. Ex) Iron
Describe the Assyrian Empire's Geography (Territory)
The Assyrian Empire's Territory was...

-Surrounded by natural barriers (the Arabian Desert, the Sahara Deserts and the Mountain Ranges)
-Rich farmland (in the Fertile Crescent)
-stretched from Anatolia to Egypt
Describe the Persian Empire's Territory (Geography)
The Persian Empire's Territory...

-Was surrounded by natural barriers
-Was a VERY large, vast Empire
-Used the Royal Road (which stretched over 1,600 miles) to deliver important messages
-Bordered the Black and Caspian Seas
Describe the New Kingdom's System of Government
The New Kingdom's Government..

-Was very organized
-Pharaohs were the overall rulers
Describe the Hittite Empire's System of Government
The Hittite Empire's Government...

-Took a modern look on Hammurabi's Code (Laws were not as harsh as the original)
-There were over 200 laws
-Basic checks and balances were established
-The King was the Commander of the Military
-The Government was somewhat of a Monarchy
-The King chose government officials
-Women and the Queen had a big roll/say in the government
Describe the Assyrian Empire's System of Government
The Assyrian Empire's Government...

-Had a lot of propaganda (provided by the king)
-Mass deportation (made subjects weak and dependent on the king)
-included torture and murder of the people
-became less effective as the Empire branched out farther (since the king could not be on top of his whole Empire)
-Law and order was maintained throughout the Empire
-Checks and balances were established (spies would check if the appointed governors were doing their jobs)
Describe the Persian Empire's System of Government
The Persian Empire's Government...

-Used Hammurabi's code of law
-Had harsh punishments for any bad actions ("an eye for an eye")
-Riders (who would ride travel by the Royal Road) would transport important documents throughout the very large Empire
-Officials called Satraps controlled different parts of the Persian Empire (since the whole Empire was to large for the king to rule himself)
Describe the New Kingdom's Economy/Economic Achievements
The New Kingdoms Economic Achievements included...

-Using the Nile river for transpiration of goods and irrigation
-Surplus of crops (which lead to trade)
-Various exports (Gold and Grains)
-Various imports (Bronze and Iron)
Describe the Neo-Babylonian's Economy/Economic Achievements
The Neo-Babylonian Economic Achievements included...

-Much Trade
Describe the New Kingdom's Social Structure
The New Kingdom's Social Structure...
-Put the Pharaoh first
-had the leader value religion
Describe the Hittite Empire's Social Structure
The Hittite Empire's Social Structure...
-Put the King on top, then put Nobles/Priests, then Merchants and, lastly, slaves

*Note: Nobles/Priests didn't really respect the King
Describe the Assyrian Empire's Social Structure
The Assyrian Empire's Social Structure...
-Had a Royal Class (very large compared to other Empires) and a Middle Class (similar to the upper class in other Empires)
-Education was only offered to upper classes (Royal Class)
-Wealthy and Elderly people were greatly respected
-Women were honored
Describe the Neo-Babylonian Social Structure
The Neo-Babylonian Social Structure...
-Had a Royal Class (King), free men, workers (dependent free men) and slaves
-Laws (consequences) were harsher on the upper class-men
-Women and Marriage were important
Describe the Persian Empire's Social Structure
The Persian Empire's Social Structure...
-Had a Royal Class (King, his wives, the queens' mothers, the royal offspring, etc.)
-Noblemen were their own social class
Describe the United Kingdom's Military
The United Kingdom's Military...
-Was split up in divisions of 5000 men
-Training was brutal
-Weapons included arrows, long pikes and breaching ladders
-Hospitals were established for army men
Describe the Hittite Empire's Military
The Hittite Empire's Military...
-Had many tools and weapons including the Chariot, wheels, figurines (to plan war), etc.
-Spies would be sent to infiltrate the enemy
-Would "surprise attack" people
Describe the Assyrian Empire's Military
The Assyrian Empire's Military...
-Was Assyria's main strength (the Empire was always ready to defend itself)
-Had strong tools and tactics (wall scaling)
-Advanced technology (advanced chariot and battering ram)
-Mass deportation
Describe the Neo-Babylonian Military
The Neo-Babylonian Military...
-Had Nebachadnezzar (a military genious)
-spent years building up a strong army
-Harsh on troops
-Had Iron Weapons and Chariots
-Destroyed Jerusalem and Nineveh