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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nile River current flowed:
South to north
What were the advantages of the Nile River flooding every summer?
It left fertile soil on the banks
Nile River used for:
transportation and water supply
Egyptian natural advantages:
Climate - warm and sunny
Wind - blew north to south
Rock - for building
Deserts and Seas - protection
Hieroglyphics were:
Egyptian form of writing
Provided the key to the translation of Egyptian hieroglyphics:
Rosetta Stone
Who united Lower and Upper Egypt?
Menes
Pharaohs were:
absolute rulers, considered gods
During the Old Kingdom of Egypt
Classes were split into lower and upper

Sphinx and the Great Pyramids were built
Middle Kingdom:
was the Golden Age of Egypt

Hyksos came from Asia and gained power
New Kingdom:
Hyksos were driven out of Egypt

pharaohs lived in Thebes

Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, and Amenhotep IV
Amenhotep IV
Tried to convert Egypt from polytheism to monotheism
Egyptian Decline:
Ramses II was the last great ruler of Egypt

Assyrians, Nubians, and Persians ended Egyptian rule
___________ used ramps and levers to build the ____________
Engineers -- Great Pyramids at Giza
Egyptian number system

Egyptians developed _________ further
based on 10

geometry
Scribes and Clerks
read and wrote for the government
village Egyptian gods were based on:

_____ was the creator, while ________ judged the
Animals


Amon --- Osiris
Egyptian afterlife + ;
Sacred Scale

Mummification

Tombs + treasures
Did women have rights? (Egyptian)
Yes
Mesopotamia was between which two rivers?
Tigris + Euphrates
Sumer:
Cuneiform
Stylus for writing
Ziggurats were step structures
Number system of 60
Akkadian king
Sargon
Babylonians:
Hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi - code of laws with harsh punishments
Babylonian Culture
resembled Sumerian culture
Farming + trading was important
Women had property rights
Hitites
had law code of crime vs. punishment
The Assyrians
were fierce warriors who used chariots + horses

Ninevah was capital city
Chaldeans
Nebuchadnezzar

Hanging Gardens were rebuilt
Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt
Babylon
Persians
Darius and Xerxes
allowed conquered people to keep their religion and laws
Royal Road
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion - good vs. evil
Phonecians
sailors and sea-traders
imitated many cultures mixed together
had their own alphabet
Lydians
used coin money

had commodities
Hebrews
divided into 12 tribes of Israel

Canaan, Abraham, and Jacob
Exodus
Canaan came to Egypt
Moses founded the Ten Commandments
Ten Commandments were placed:
Ark of the Covenant
Saul-David-Solomon
first king - made Jerusalem holy - Israel reached its height
Israel and Judah
North and South
Judaism
Torah - first 5 books

Mosaic Law - eye for an eye
Who developed Linear B?
Mycenaeans
What were metics?
non-citizens who were free (Athens)
Draco-Solon-Peisistratus
-Cleisthenes
first law code-freed slaves - ruled as a tyrant - turned into democracy
pedagogue
male slave who taught boys manners
Delian League
league of city-states - Athens as leader
Pericles
extended Athenian empire - used Delian League treasury for benefit of Athens
Peloponnesian War
Sparta blocked Athen's food supply and was victorious
Myron - Phidias
The Discus Thrower - Zeus at Temple to Olympia
Cynicism - Skepticism - Stoicism - Epicureanism
people should live simply - all knowledge is uncertain - every person had a "spark" - seek pleasure, avoid pain
Alexandria
center of medical science
Philip II
made Phalanxes
Macedon
Rome was built:
on seven hills along the Tiber River
consuls
ran the government and commanded the army
praetors
oversaw the Roman legal system and commanded the army in war times
censors
registered citizens according to wealth, appointed candidates to the Senate, and oversaw the moral conduct of citizens
assemblies
voted on laws and elected officials
tribunes
had vetoing power - were elected by assemblies
two social Roman classes
Patricians + Plebians
First Punic War
boarding bridges
Carthage asked for peace - gave up Sicily and sum of money
Second Punic War
Hannibal was defeated by Scipio
Third Punic War
Rome destroyed Carthage
First Triumvirate

the Graachi

Pax Romana
Pompey, Crassus, Caesar

Tiberius and Gaius - reform

Begun by Augustus Caesar
Five Good Emperors
Nerva - Hadrian - Marcus
Judio-Claudian Emperors
relatives of Julius Caesar