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31 Cards in this Set

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PALEOLITHIC AGE VS. NEOLOTHIC REVOLUTION
PALEOLOTHIC AGE- NOMADS, HUNT. & GATH. FOR FOOD

NEOLOTHIC REVOLUTION- RIVER VALLEYS

[CHINA INVENTIONS: ACUPUNCTURE, ANESTHETICS, GUNPOWDER, BLOCK PRINTING, RUDDER, COMPASS]
MAYANS AND WEST AFRICA
MAYA- TEMPLES, PALACES, MATH, ASTRONOMY, CALENDAR

AFRICA- SALT&GOLD TRADE ROUTES
MALI & GHANA & SONGHAI KINGDOMS
GREEK PHILOSOPHERS
SOCRATES- SOCRATIC METHOD "WHY?"
PLATO-STUDENT OF
ARISTOTLE-STUDENT OF
PERICLES- DEOMCRACY
PYTHAGORAS- PYTHAGORAN THEOREM
HIPPOCRATES- FATHER OF MEDICINE
GREEK ACCOMPLISHMENTS
DEMOCRACY, ARCHITECTURE, MYTHOLOGY, OLYMPIC GAMES, COLLUMNS & PILLARS [PARTHENON]
ROMAN ACCOMPLISMENTS
ROADS, BRIDGES, AQUEDUCTS, ARCHES, [COLLOSSEUM]
BYZANTINE EMPIRE
JUSTINIANS CODE
EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH
CULUTRE SHARING W. RUSSIA
PRESERVED GREEK AND ROMAN CULT.
GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM
ALGEBRA, MAGNET NEEDLE, COMPASS, ASTROLABE, PRESERVED GREEK ROMAN & BYZANTINE CULUTRE, DURING CRUSADES EUROPE GOT IDEAS
MIDIEVAL AGES OF EUROPE
KING
LORD
PRIESTS
KNIGHTS
SERFS
**RIGID**


BLACK DEATH KILLED 33% OF EUROPEANS
RENAISSANCE
FIRST IN ITALY BECAUSE OF CENTRAL LOCATION AND ROMAN EMPIRE HISTORY

PEOPLE:
LEONARDO DA VINCI-MONA LISA
MICHELANGELO- DAVID
RAPHAEL
MACHIAVELLI- THE PRINCE BOOK
PROTESTANT REFORMATION
INDULGENCES- SELLING FORGIVENESS
SIMONY- SELLING CHURCH JOBS
NEPOTISM- RELATIVES CHURCH JOBS

MARTIN LUTHER- LUTHERAN CHURCH
JOHN CALIVIN-CALIVINIST CHURCH
HENRY VII- CHURCH OF ENGLAND
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
NICOLAUS CPERNICUS- HELIOCENTRIC THEORY SUN CENTER OF UNIVERSE

GALILEO- TELESCOPE GRAVITY

ISAAC NEWTON- GRAVITY PHYSICS CALCULUS

GUTENBERG- PRINTING PRESS

**LED TO DECREASE IN ROMAN CHURCH BY CONTRADICTING THEIR IDEAS
AGE OF EXPLORATION
COLUMBUS- SPAIN TO NEW WORLD

MAGELLAN- SPAIN AND CIRCUMNAVIGATED WORLD

DA GAMA- PORTUGAL AND SAILED TIP OF AFRICA
AGRICULATURAL REVOLUTION
SEED DRILL, STEEL PLOW
INCREASED FOOD- HEALTHIER PEOPLE

ENCLOSURE MOVEMENT- PUBLIC LANDS FENCED OFF AND PEASANTS OUT OF WORK FREE TO BE WORKERS
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
POOR UNSAFE WORKING CONDITIONS
FORCED TO WORK LONG HOURS FOR LITTLE PAY
OVERCROWDING CITIES


**MACHINES REPLACE AND LARGE UNEMPLOYMENT
THE ENLIGHTMENT
AGE OF REASON
HATED ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES
INFLUECED SCIENTIFIC & FRENCH REVOLUTION
CAUSES OF FRENCH REVOLUTION
POLITICAL CAUSES:

*ABSOLUTE RULER LOUIS XVI
1ST ESTATE- CLERGY 1%
2ND ESTATE- NOBLES 2%
3RD ESTATE- MIDDLE CLASS & PEASANTS 97%
**ESTATES GENERAL.. OUTVOTED 2:1 EACH TIME

ECONOMIC CAUSES: HIGH TAXES

SOCIAL CAUSES: FIRST AND SECOND DIDNT PAY TAXES, OWNED LAND, AND LIVED BETTER THAN 3RD ESTATE
FRENCH REVOLUTION
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY- THIRD ESTATE
TOOK TENNIS COURT OATH TO
PLEDGE TO GET RIGHTS
DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND CONSTITUTION OF 1791

LOUIS XVI FLED ACUSED OF TREASON .. WENT TO GUILLOTINE

ROBESPIERRE LEADES REIGN OF TERROR ANG GUILLOTINES ALLL AGAINST HIM. REPLACED BY NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
REPLACES ROBESPIERRE
VICTORIES DOMINATING EUROPE
[NAPOLEONIC CODE]
BROUGHT ORDER AND SABILITY

DEFEATED IN RUSSIAS HARSH CLIMATE
CONGRESS OF VIENNA
REDRAW EUROPE

LEGITMACY-RESTORING OVERTHROWN LEADERS

COMPENSATION- AWARDING NATIONS AGAINST NAPOLEON
UNIFICATIONS
GERMAN- OTTO VON BISMARCK USING BLOOD AND IRON USING NATIONALISM

ITALY- USING NATIONALIST
GARIBALDI-SWORD
MAZZINI-SPIRIT
CAVOUR- BRAIN
AFRICAN IMPERIALISM
WANTING TO MAKE MONEY OFF NATIONS

'THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN' TO HELP UNCIVILIZED AFRICANS
WWI
NATIONALSIM, IMPERIALISM FIGHTING OVER AFRICA, MILITARISM ,AND ALLIENCES CAUSED
***ASSASSINATION OF AUSTRIAN FRANCIS FERDINAND***

TRIPLE ALLIANCE: GERMANY, AUSTRIA-HUNGARY, OTTOMAN EMPIRE

TRIPLE ENTENTE- FRNACE, GREAT BRITAIN, AND RUSSIA [U.S. REPLACED RUSSIA]

TREATY OF VERSAILLES BLAMED GERMANY TO PAY REPERATIONS
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
NICHOLAS II SENT TROOPS WITHOUT WEAPONS WHICH LED TO HUGE LOSSES

VLADMIMIR LENIN AND BOLSHEVIKS[COMMUNISTS] PROMISTED "PEACE LAND AND BREAD"
COLD WAR
IRON CURTAIN SEPARATED
CONTAINMENT-KEEP FROM SPREADING
TRUMAN DOCTRINE/MARSHALL PLAN
NATO-WEST ALLIANCE
WARSAW PACT- EAST ALLIANCE
ARMS RACE- BUILDING OF WEAPONS
DETENTE- EASING OF TENSIONS

CONTAINMENT EX:
KOREAN WAR
BAY OF PIGS INVASION
CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS
VIETNAM WAR


RESULT OF END OF COLD WAR:
GERMANY UNIFIES AND BERLIN WALL TORE DOWN

COMMUNISM ENDS AFTER GORBACHEVS POLICIES OF GLASNOST AND PERESTROIKA
INDIA
MOHANDAS GANDHI UNIFIES USING CIVIL DISOBEDIANCE, SALT MARCH, NON VIOLENCE, BOYCOTTS, FASTING
BRITISH EASTY INDIA COMPANY
AMRISTAR MASSACRE

WINS VS. BRITAIN
PROBLEMS: HINDU INDIANS VS. MUSLIM PAKISTANIS
ARAB-ISREALI CONFLICT
UN ESTABLISHES ISREAL FOR JEWS AFTER WWII

DISPUTE OVE RLAND AND RELIGION IN ISREAL
NOTHERN IRELAND CONLICT
GREAT BRITAIN CONTROLLED.. THEN SPLIT INTO NORTHERN IRELAND[PROTESTANTS CONTROL BY BRITAIN] AND IRELAND[INDEPENDENT CATHOLICS].
PERSIAN GULF WAR
SADDAM HUSSEIN OF IRAQ INVADES KUWAIT TO CONQUER OIL
U.S. INVIADES KUWAIT TO REMOVE IRAQI AND KEEP OIL PRICE LOW
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
THE HOLOCAUST
STALIN'S FAMINE IN SOVIET UNION
POL POT IN CAMBODIA
HUTU VS. TUTSI IN RWANDA
SERBS VS. MUSLIMS IN BOSNIA
LATIN AMERICA
CONQUISTADOR
VICEORY
ENCOMIENDA
PENNINSULARES
CREOLE
MESTIZO
MULLATO


TOUSAINT L'OVERTURE
JOSE SAN MARTIN
MUGEL HIDAGO
****SIMON NOLIVAR**** THE LIBERATOR

FIGHT AGAINST SPANISH CONTORL OF LATIN AMERICA
SOUTH AFRICA
NELSON MANDELA

BRITAIN GAINED CONTROL OF SOUTH AFRICA FROM THE DUTCH. SET UP AN APARTHEID [SEPARATENESS] TO LEGALLY DISCRIMATE AGAINST NON-WHITES.

ANC [AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS] LED MY NELSON MANDELA FOUGHT TO END APARTHEID. HE WAS IN JAIL FOR 27 YEARS. THEN HE WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT