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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Commune
People who live and work together and hold property in common
Conquistador
"conqueror"
certain explorers of the 1500s and 1600s
Common Law
Uniform justice system based on court descisions
Contras
Counterrevolutionary group in Nicaragua- opposed Sandinistas
Council of Clermont
Council of the Christian Church in 1095 that sparked the CRUSADES
Crusades
Series of religious wars fought between Christians & Muslims

late 1000s- mid 1200s
Cultural Revolution
1966
Mao Zedong
Attempt to renew Communism & purge non-revolutionaries
Mao Zedong
Responsible for Cultural Revolution in China, 1966, and Great Leap Forward
Feudal Japan- 3 Castes
SHOGUN- military commander
DAIMYO-warrior lords
SAMURAI-warrior class
Desaparecidos
thousands who dissappeared during the Argentinian "Dirty War"
Diaspora
Scattering of people
--Jews being forced to leave the Palestine
Dirty War
1970s:
Argentinian military terrorizes thousands
(Desaperecidos)
Dynamo
Electricity generator
Encomienda System
System created by Spanish government in the Americas
--Allows colonists to demand labor or crops from Native Americans
European Community/ Common Market
Group of nations
-Est 1957
Expansion of free trade in Europe
European Union
Expansion of European Community
Great Leap Forward
1958 Agricultural Plan
Attempt to industrialize
causes massive famine
Guomindang
Chinese nationalist party
Sun Yixian
Hanseatic League
1300s
Trade association of N German towns
Hellenistic
Andrew The Great
Blend of East and West influences
Holy Land
Palestine

Holy to
-Jews
-Christians
-Muslims
Indian National Congress
Late 1800s
Hindu nationalist leaders
--> Greater democracy
--> Eventual self rule
International Monetary Fund
1980s- stepped in to work out afreements to help debtor nations
Interpol
International Criminal Police System
Intifada
1987 Palestinian uprising in Isreal
Islamic Fundamentalism
Muslim reforms
Oppose westernization
Islamic principles in politics
Janissaries
members of an elite force in the army of the Ottoman Empire
Justinian code
Law code
Byzantine Empire
Emperor Justinian
500s
Kabuki
1600s
from of Japanese drama
Laws of the 12 tables
Ancient Rome
displayed in Marketplace
Long March
1934 retreat by Mao Zedong and Gouomindang followers
Mandate
after WWI
Territory administered by a foreign power
Meiji Dynasty
"restoration"
modernization
industrialization
Middle Passage
Voyage from Africa to America on slave ships
Millet
Non- Muslims in Ottoman Empire
Mixed Economy
Both private & State- run enterprises
Muslim League
Muslims in India- 1900s
National Assembly
1789 FRANCE
mostly 3rd estate,
aim: to write a new constitution
New Economic Policy (NEP)
1921, Lenin
Privatized SOME industries
Oligarchy
Government run by a FEW
Opium War
1839
BRITAIN vs CHINA
(over opium trade)
Organization of African Unity
Kwane Nkrumah- 1963
Calls for Pan-Africanism & End of colonialism
Pacific Rim
Group of nations in Asia & The Americas on the Pacific Ocean
Palestine Liberation Organization
1964
organization of Palestinian nationalism groups
Patriarch
Highest church official in Orthodox Christian Church
Patrician

Plebian
Ancient Rome:
-Upper class
-Lower class
Pax Mongolia
Peace in much of Asia under Mongol rule
1200s-1300s
Pax Romana
Peace in Rome, started with Augustus
Persian Gulf War
1991
Prompted by Iraqi invasion of Kuwait -> Europe & Arabs drive Iraq out
Polis
City state in Ancient Greece
Quipus
Knotted strings used by INcan officials for records
Reconquista
700s
Campaign by christians to recapture SPAIN from the muslims
Red Guards
Radical students in China during cultural revolution
Russification
All groups controlled by Russia should feel nationalistic pride
Russo-Japanese War
1904-1905
Japan vs. Russia
Senate
Government body of ancient Rome
Sepoy
Sepoy Mutiny
-Indian soldiars in British or French East Indian Companies
-Rebel against British rule in India
Sharia
System of Islamic Law
Shintoism
Traditional Japanese Religion
Sino-Japanese War
Japan vs. China
Solidarity
Polish independant trade union
Stupa
Large dome shaped Buddhist shrine
Sultan
Muslim ruler
Surrogate
Represented US & Soviet interests
Swahili
A mix of ARAB and AFRICAN words
Taiping Rebellion
Peasant Rebellion in China
1800s
Trade Fair
MEDIEVAL EUROPE
site of trading
Upanishads
Philisophical dialogues about Hinduism
Young Turks
Reform of the Ottomon Empire
Zaibatsu
Powerfull Japanese Families
--> ( Wealthy from Banking Industry)
African National Congress
SOUTH AFRICA
Opponents to Aparthied
Encouraged political activism by blacks
Allied Powers
WWI alliance:
Britain
France
Russia
+Italy
+US
+Others
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
formed in 1967, group of 9 Southeast Asian countries
Coordinate policies (trade/agriculture/etc)
Astrolabe
determines lattitude by position of the stars
Baatan Death March
Forced March of the Allied prisoners by the Japanese during WWII
Boer War
1899-1902
BRITISH vs BOERS (dutch farmers)
Becan after British tried to annex the Boer republics
Boxer Rebellion
1900
Boxers assault foreign communities across China
Bushido
Code of conduct for Samurai in Feudal Japan
Caliph
Leader of Muslims
(successes Muhammed)
Cartel
association of bussinesspeople
SLANG: criminal gangs that produce & smuggle drugs internationally
CARTOGRAPHY
map-making
Caudillo
Military dictator in Latin America
Central Powers
WWI
Germany
Austria Hungary
Ottoman Empire
+Bulgaria
Chador
Cloak worn by some Muslim women
Civil Disobedience
defying UNJUST laws
Collective
Large farm owned & operated by workers as a group
Command Economy
Gov. officials make all basic economic desicions
Ho Chi Min
Organized the Vietnamese Communist Party (under France) cause WAR
Tiananmen Square Demonstrations
Anti-Communism
Chinese students seeking DEMOCRATIC reform shoot at Tiananmen Square; 100s-1000s killed
Mercantilism
Government regulation of economy
wealth measures nation's status
Hammurabi Law Code
Relativley liberal law code, Babylon- MESOPATAMIA